Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings

Labour exploitation

Labour exploitation

Regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking of labour

Eurofound, 27 April 2016, 62 pages

This report examines how public authorities are currently regulating labour market intermediaries across the Member States, highlighting the effectiveness or otherwise of different registration or licensing schemes.


P. v the Chief Superintendent of the Garda National Immigration Bureau, the Director of Public Prosecutions

Country: Ireland

Court: High Court

Sentenced date: 15/04/2015

Purpose of exploitation: Exploitation of labour


The High Court ruled that Gardaí failed to identify a victim of human trafficking, resulting in the imprisonment of a trafficked woman in Mountjoy for two and a half years.


Study on case-law on trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitation

European Commission, 2015

Aim of this study was to identify case law relating to THB for the purpose of labour exploitation in Member State and analyse Member State practice with respect to prosecution of this crime. 

The case-law analysis also provides an indication of how national legislation transposing Directive 2011/36/EU is applied, without prejudice to the Commission's work on monitoring the transposition of the Directive.


Proactive identification and support of victims of trafficking for labour exploitation in the EU






570.980,80 EUR


From 1/10/14 to 30/09/16


ADPARE (RO), eLiberare (RO), Focus On Labour Exploitation – FLEX (UK), Latin American Women's Rights Services – LAWRS (UK), Migrant Help (UK)


Hounga case

Country: The United Kingdom

Court: The United Kingdom Supreme Court

Sentenced date: 30 July 2014

Purpose of exploitation: Exploitation of labour

The case concerned a Nigerian female national, who, from the age of 14 had served in the UK as an unpaid child-minder and housekeeper for a period of 18 months.



Country: United Kingdom

Court: Court of appeal (criminal division)

Sentence date: 21 June 2013

Purpose of exploitation: Labour exploitation

The judgment deals with four unconnected cases in which three children and one adult were trafficked by criminals. The victims were involved in criminal activities. The case touches upon Article 8 of EU Directive 2011/36/EU on the non-prosecution or the non-application of penalties to the victims.