The Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims determines in its article 19 that each member state has to establish a national rapporteur or an equivalent mechanism. The tasks of such mechanisms shall include the carrying out of assessments of trends in trafficking in human beings, the measuring of results of anti-trafficking actions, including the gathering of statistics in close cooperation with relevant civil society organisations active in this field, and reporting.
In Belgium existing texts organized already different mechanism which meets the requirements of the Directive.
There is the Federal centre for the analysis of migration flows, the protection of the fundamental rights of foreign people and the fight against trafficking in human beings, which is the successor of the Centre for Equal Opportunities and the Opposition to Racism, an autonomous public service. It must legally fulfill his duties in all independence. Since 1996 they publish yearly an independent evaluation report about the evolutions and the results of the fight against trafficking in human beings in Belgium. This assignment is described in the Royal Decree of 16th May of 2004 and is one of the most important tool of monitoring.
In addition to this, the Interdepartmental CP also has a legal mission for a critical evaluation and recommendation pursuant to article 8 of the same Royal Decree. It executes this duty especially in the framework of the elaboration of an Action Plan or specific evaluations (f.ex. evaluation of the multidisciplinary circular). Moreover, in accordance with the Law of April 13, 1995, the government must submit to the parliament a biennial report on the enforcement of measures to combat trafficking in human beings in Belgium. This report is drafted by the federal public service (SPF) of Justice.
Although the requirements of the directive already have been fulfilled, this became formally in the Royal Decree of 21th of July 2014 amending the Royal Decree of 16th of May concerning the fight against smuggling and trafficking in human beings. This Royal Decree came into force on the 1st of September 2014.
Thereby the National Rapporteur or equivalent mechanism has been organised by the Royal Decree in the form of a mechanism. This mechanism consists of:
- The Interdepartmental Coordination Platform for the Fight against Trafficking and Smuggling in human beings (ICP) as coordination body and the rapporteur of the State under its legal mandate to implement article 12 of the law of 13 April 1995 containing provisions to combat trafficking and smuggling in human beings and according to Chapter II of the Royal Decree of 16th May 2004. Within the ICP the SPF Justice, president of the Bureau, is responsible for the draft of the biannual report of the government.
- The Federal centre for the analysis of migration flows, the protection of the fundamental rights of foreign people and the fight against trafficking in human beings as independent rapporteur under it’s legal mandate of Article 3 of the Law of 17th of August 2013 amending the Law of 15 February 1993 establishing a Centre for Equal opportunities and Opposition to Racism with a view to its transformation into a federal centre for the analysis of migration flows, the protection of the fundamental rights of foreigners and the fight against human trafficking and under Chapter I of the Royal Decree of 16 May 2004.
However, the main task of the ICP remains, of course, coordinating, presenting and introducing a policy.
National Rapporteur or equivalent mechanism
Federal Migration Centre
Contact: Patricia Le Cocq
Rue Royale/Koningstraat, 138
Federal Public Service for Justice - Criminal Policy Service
Contact: Jean-François Minet
Justice Department – Coordination platform against THB
Boulevard de Waterloo/Waterloolaan, 115
0032 2 5427936
- email: email@example.com