Slovenia - 3. IMPLEMENTATION OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING POLICY
The field of prevention is strictly defined in National Action Plans, prepared by the IWG and approved by the Government. Efforts to prevent human trafficking include projects and awareness-raising campaigns. Prevention goals include raising public awareness, raising target population awareness, and the education and training of experts in the field. In the recent years, a special emphasis has been made on education and training of prosecutors, judges, consular staff and providing information for and raising awareness of officers at the Employment Service of Slovenia about forms of trafficking in human beings with the purpose of their early detection in procedures for issuing work permits.
More about the field of prevention can be found in National Action Plans at the following link: http://www.vlada.si/en/projects/fight_against_trafficking_in_persons/
Assistance and support provided to victims
Several projects have been undertaken in recent years to assist victims of human trafficking. During 2013 the Government provided about EUR 90,000 to two non-governmental organisations- an Association of 3 NGOs (Association Ključ, Association for Non-Verbal Communication and SOS telephone line) and Caritas Slovenia - to provide both short-term and extended victim assistance including shelter, rehabilitative counselling, medical assistance, vocational training, and legal assistance.
More about the field of Assistance and support provided to victims can be found in Annual Reports by the IWG at the following link: http://www.vlada.si/en/projects/fight_against_trafficking_in_persons/
Identified foreign victims are granted a 90 day reflection period. Victims are encouraged to participate in trafficking investigations and assist with the prosecutions of trafficking offenders. Foreign victims who assist law enforcement can apply for a temporary residence permit and remain in Slovenia for the duration of the trial. The victim may choose to stay longer if they are working or studying.
Special protective measures for children
The Slovenian government has given high priority to combat child pornography and illegal migration, which are two issues closely related to human trafficking. In the Penal Code, the presentation, production, holding and forwarding of child pornography on the Internet is defined as a criminal offence under Article 187(2) and (3) of the Criminal Code.
Investigation and prosecution
Offences related to trafficking in human beings and sexual exploitation is investigated by anti-organised crime units within the police force. About fifteen officers are assigned full time to the policing of human trafficking. Moreover, at least one investigator at each of the 11 regional police directorates is responsible for the coordination of activities related to human trafficking and exploitation through prostitution.
Prosecution of trafficking in human beings cases falls within the competence of the Specialised Office of State Prosecutor of the Republic of Slovenia which deals with organised crime, terrorism, corruption and other crimes requiring special competences. There are 11 prosecutors within this Specialised Service, two of whom deal with THB offences.
The statistics and the trends about the field of investigation and prosecution can be found in Annual Reports by the IWG at the following link: http://www.vlada.si/en/projects/fight_against_trafficking_in_persons/
Latest Initiaves/activities related to anti-trafficking policy
In 2012 the Slovenian Ministry of the Interior, in cooperation with Bulgarian partners, prepared the proposal for a sequel of the previously concluded project "The introduction of the requirements for establishing Joint Investigation Teams (JIT) to fight trafficking in human beings in the South-eastern Europe" (JIT THB), under ISEC funding. The title of the new project is "Use of Joint Investigation Teams (JIT) to fight Trafficking in Human Beings in the Western Balkans at the local level" (JIT THB WB). The project, which was approved by the European Commission, brings together representatives of the prosecution and the police in order to promote and encourage them to use JITs as an operational tool in investigating and prosecuting cases of trafficking in human beings. As JITs are a tool rarely used by countries of the South-eastern Europe, knowledge and understanding of this tool at local, operational level is a precondition for it's practical use. The first event that took place was the Kick-off Conference in Sofia in October 2013, followed by workshops in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Albania. A description of the project as well as all other relevant information can be found at the official website of the JIT THB WB website at the following link: http://jit-thb.pccseesecretariat.si/index.php?page=static&item=33.