Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings

Slovakia

Slovakia

1. GENERAL INFORMATION- SITUATION ON TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

Based on the available statistical data, Slovakia may be considered predominantly a country of origin, or a source country for victims of human trafficking (hereinafter “HT”). Recently, Slovakia has become also a destination country for victims of HT, especially Slovak nationals. Slovakia is a source country to the greatest extent for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and other countries of Western Europe. Another important trend is the increasing ratio of male victims of HT. The most common purpose of HT remains sexual exploitation that occurs almost exclusively in female victims, although we have already recorded male victims for this HT´s purpose. In the exploitation of male victims, labor exploitation and forced begging prevail. Occasionally victims from third countries are identified in Slovakia, especially from Ukraine and Romania. There were also suspicions of labor exploitation of Serbian and Ukrainian citizens in the territory of Slovakia, which have not been confirmed as a form of criminal activity.

 

INSTITUTIONAL, LEGAL AND POLICY FRAMEWORK TO ADDRESS TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

Please include reference to anti-trafficking legislation, as relevant

- Criminal Code (Act No. 300/2005 Coll. as amended)

- Code of Criminal Procedure (Act No. 301/2005 Coll. as amended)

- Victims of Crime Act (Act No. 274/2017 Coll. as amended)

- Regulation of the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic on the Program of Support and Protection of Victims of HT (No. 180/2013)

- Aliens Act (Act No. 404/2011 Coll. and on the supplements to certain acts)

- Social and Legal Protection of Children and on Social Guardianship Act (Act No. 305/2005 Coll. as amended)

- Social Services Act (Act No. 448/2008 Coll. as amended)

- Prevention of Criminality and Other Anti-social Activities Act (Act No. 583/2008 Coll. and on supplements to certain acts)

PROTECTION OF THE VICTIMS AND ACCESS TO RIGHTS

Since 2006, there has been a specialized program of support and protection of victims of HT in Slovakia which is legislatively, institutionally and financially secured by the Ministry of the Interior of Slovakia. Persons who are reasonably suspected to have become HT victims on the territory of Slovakia or abroad may voluntarily enter the program and, on the basis of an individual help plan drawn up by a non-governmental organization, be provided with the necessary services. HT victims can be provided with the necessary emergency care, crisis care, reintegration or integration, and assisted voluntary return, with a duration of up to 180 days or if the victim cooperates with law enforcement authorities, it is provided during the duration of the criminal proceedings. It is possible to provide the victims with the following services within this specialized program: isolation from the criminal environment, information on tolerated stay on the territory of Slovakia and, if necessary, information on the possibility of granting international protection, if the victim is a third country national, assisting a Slovak citizen to return voluntarily to Slovakia, financial support, social assistance, social and psychological counseling, psycho-therapeutic services, interpretation and translation services, legal counseling, health care, trainings and re-skilling courses, possibility of inclusion in the program of witness protection under a special act, the possibility of one-time financial compensation under a special act, the assistance of a European Union citizen and a third-country national with assisted voluntary return to the country of origin, mediation of the assistance of an organization operating in the country of origin and the possibility of appropriate and safe accommodation. The provision of services for HT victims included into the program and assisted voluntary returns of HT victims are implemented through non-governmental organizations, on the basis of contracts concluded with the Ministry of the Interior of Slovakia, which have emerged from the public procurement. In addition to the services for HT victims themselves, the identification of victims, especially among foreigners in detention, residence and detention camps, through interviews and consultations among potential victims, identification of the person as a victim and offering assistance and co-operation through inclusion in the program, as well as educational information for young and other potential victims via the website, media and periodicals, through preventive conferences and other information, education and training activities, is the part of the services of non-governmental organizations within the meaning of the aforementioned contracts. Health care services may also be covered by public health insurance funds. Likewise, in special cases, the social insurance of the victim is solved by the funds of the state or higher territorial units.

PROSECUTION OF TRAFFICKERS AND PERPETRATORS

Detection and investigation of HT in Slovakia is under responsibility of the Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic, as of 1 July 2013 this responsibility has been in the substantive jurisdiction of the National Unit to Combat Illegal Migration of the Bureau of the Border Police and the Alien Police of the Presidium of the Police Force. Specialized regional departments of operational activities and investigations with investigators specializing in this kind of criminal activity deal with the investigation of HT crime according to Section 179 of the Criminal Code. The criminal investigation is supervised by the Prosecutor´s Offices.

PREVENTION

- Preventive lectures for students

- Trainings for professionals – government and non-government sector - police officers, prosecutors, judges, healthcare services, social workers, childcare, labour inspectors, NGOs

- Projects – supported from the European and national funds – examples of wroth-mentioning projects:

· “Anyone can become a slave” (Každý sa môže stať otrokom) - www.novodobiotroci.sk, www.superzarobok.sk, Youtube: Modern Slaves 2015

· Become a Guardian Angel! For Those You Care About!” (Staň sa anjelom strážnym! Pre tých, na ktorých Ti záleží!) - https://www.anjelistrazni.sk/, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hFkhRZDyEp4, Youtube: BSOS: Guardian Angels

· “SAFE” – cartoon application for children and students on safe travel abroad– http://www.iom.sk/novinky-a-podujatia/827-aplikacia-safe-vas-pripravi-na... -zahranici, Youtube: Mobilná aplikácia SAFE Travel & Work Abroad – Príbeh Romana, or Mobilná aplikácia SAFE Travel & Work Abroad – Príbeh Matej

· Film Festival “Together against trafficking” yearly on the occasion of the European Anti-Trafficking Day – http://www.charita.sk/aktuality/skch-filmovy-festival-priblizi-problemtiku-obchodu-s-ludmi

- Campaigns

· “Without information you become a slave” (Bez informácií sa stávaš otrokom)- http://www.minv.sk/?rozbiehame-komunikacnu-kampan

· “I am not for sale” (Nie som na predaj) - visual: - http://www.minv.sk/swift_data/source/mvsr/obchodovanie_ludmi/propagacia_europskeho_dna_boja_proti_obchodovaniu_s_ludmi_18_oktober_2011/Bilboard_504x238_Obchodovanie%20s%20ludmi.pdf

 

2. NATIONAL ACTION PLAN

The objective of the measures taken in the field of identification, providing assistance and protection to HT victims in Slovakia consists of ensuring respect for victims’ human rights and provision of effective access to services for them. The form of securing these objectives was the formation of a National Reference Mechanism, whose foundations were created already in 2005 through the approval of Government Resolution No. 668 as of 7 September 2005, followed by the elaboration of the first National Action Plan for Combating HT, 2006 - 2007. Subsequently, steps were taken to elaborate the National Program for 2008-2010 approved by the Government of the SR by a resolution No. 251 as of 23 April 2008, the continuing National Program for the period of 2011 - 2014 approved by the Slovak Government Resolution No. 96 as of 16 February 2011.

The current National Program for the period of 2015-2018 was approved by the Slovak Government Resolution No. 52 of 4 February 2015. It contains four core areas covering the comprehensive area of combating HT - Partnership, Prevention, Victim Protection and Criminal Prosecution. Activities carried out for the implementation of the aforementioned National Program are covered from the state budget.

We are in the process of creating the new National Program for the period of 2019 – 2023.

 

More information on the following link: http://www.minv.sk/?information-centre-for-combating-trafficking-in-human-beings-and-for-crime-prevention

 

3. CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION TO ADDRESS TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

EU MEMBER STATES

- JITs , NREM, GRETA, embassies of the Slovak Republic abroad

- Cooperation through Europol and with Eurojust

NON-EU COUNTRIES

- Cooperation through Interpol, GRETA, embassies of the Slovak Republic abroad

4. RELEVANT REPORTS

· National Program for Combating Human Trafficking for the Years 2015 – 2018 - attached

More information on the following link: http://www.minv.sk/?information-centre-for-combating-trafficking-in-human-beings-and-for-crime-prevention

 

5. RELEVANT LINKS TO NATIONAL AUTHORITIES/INSTITUTIONS WEBSITES AND OTHER RELEVANT CONTACTS

The National Referral Mechanism institutionalizes cooperation between government and non-government sector. The cooperation in this structure is performed by the national coordinator and representatives of the government and non-government sector and municipalities within the Expert Group. There are also ad hoc working groups aimed at dealing with specific challenges.

 HELPLINE

National Helpline for Victims of HT – 0800 800 818 (+421 800 800 818)- the helpline is free of charge in Slovakia and operational 24/7, the services of the helpline are financed by the Ministry of the Interior, operated by NGO and supported by the telecommunication provider Telekom, a.s.

NATIONAL COORDINATOR

State Secretary of the Ministry of the Interior, Pribinova 2, 812 72 Bratislava, Slovakia

Website and contacts: http://www.minv.sk/?ministry-interior-slovak-republic-contacts

NATIONAL RAPPORTEUR OR EQUIVALENT MECHANISM

Information Centre for Combating HT and for Crime Prevention, Ministry of the Interior, Pribinova 2, 812 72 Bratislava, Slovakia – responsible also for gestoring of the specialized Program of Support and Assistance to Victims of HT and policy making

Email: icosl@minv.sk

Website: http://www.minv.sk/?information-centre-for-combating-trafficking-in-human-beings-and-for-crime-prevention

LAW ENFORCEMENT

National Unit to Combat Illegal Migration of the Bureau of the Border Police and the Alien Police of the Presidium of the Police Force

Ružinovská 1/B, 812 72 Bratislava, Slovakia

CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS

Caritas Slovakia (Slovenská katolícka charita) – provides services for victims of HT and assisted voluntary returns of victims of HT on the contractual basis with the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic

Kapitulská 308/18, 811 01 Bratislava, Slovakia

Website:http://www.charita.sk/aktuality/kategoria/stop-obchodovaniu-s-ludmi/page:9

International Organization for Migration - IOM Slovensko

Grösslingová 35, 811 09 Bratislava, Slovakia

Website:http://www.iom.sk/en/activities/counter-trafficking-in-human-beings