Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings

Portugal

Portugal

1. GENERAL INFORMATION- SITUATION ON TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

Between 2008 and 2016, 1.570 (presumed) Victims of Trafficking were flagged. Out of these, and up to data last update (August 2017), 569 were considered as “Confirmed Victims of Trafficking” by the competent authorities and 308 “Presumed Victims of Trafficking” (registered by NGO’s). The remaining are: “Pending/In Investigation” or were classified by the data providers as “Non Confirmed” or “Not Considered”.

For the subsample of “Confirmed VoT” (2008-2016):

  • Portugal is mainly a Country of Destination (63%), followed by Country of Origin (28%). To a lesser extent, a country of Transit (9%).
  • The majority of “Confirmed VoT” were victims of THB for Labour Exploitation (417) – top citizenships: Romania (172), Portugal (135) and Nepal (41).
    • Regarding THB for Sexual Exploitation: Brazil (29), Nigeria (28), and Romania (25).
  • The majority of “Confirmed VoT” are male (65%) and adults (88%).
  • Crossing the variables sex and age group two important findings: 1) from the 63 children “Confirmed” up until the last data update, the majority is female (79%); 2) the majority of adults are male (70%).
  • As for citizenship, 68% are EU nationals, from three main countries: Romania (36%); Portugal (28%) and to a lesser extent, Bulgaria (4%).
  • The African continent appears as the most representative if the counting unit is the number of countries and not the number of victims. This continent (12 countries – 79 Confirmed VoT) is followed by Asia countries, data influenced by Nepal (41 Confirmed VoT).

As far as 2016:

2016 registered an increase of 36,8% of (presumed) victims of THB (total of 264). Of these, the majority (228) were flagged in Portugal (Portuguese and foreigner citizens). 23 nationalities were registered amongst (presumed) victims - the distribution of frequency reveals the prevalence of Portuguese nationals (72) and Romanian nationals (70); from the nationals from Asia (mainly from the Hindustan region), prevalence appears in Nepalese nationals (47). It is in this group that is the highest incidence of the confirmed victims in 2016. Of the registered (presumed) victims the majority is male (141) and adult although 27 minors were registered as presumed victims.

Up until the last data update, there were 118 formally identified victims of trafficking, 108 in Portugal and 10 abroad (Portuguese citizens). The main type of trafficking is, once again, for the purposes of labour exploitation (110 – 3 “Big Cases” - 20 or more victims associated) mainly in the agricultural sector, trend that affects the territoriality of the crime, mainly in what concerns the internal mobility of the victims between different sites (see map below regarding one crime of THB in labour exploitation where there is no 1 isolated district of exploitation but several between which the 21 victims’ were moved).

Having in mind the issue of mobility (not only internally but also between EU member-states) the Observatory on Trafficking in Human Beings asked the EU National Rapporteurs additional data concerning victims registered in their countries that mentioned Portugal as a transit country or previous country of exploitation. On the basis the hypothesis of continued victimization and/or revictimization. One or both scenarios could not only show patterns of THB modus operandi but also benefit on a macro level a critical assessment of prevention policies, of referral mechanisms, and of monitoring systems. The same exercise was applied to a national sample (“Operation POKHARA”).

The answer rate was low and no extrapolation is possible. Nonetheless this is a line of research to be followed.

Lastly, some additional statistical data on 2016:

  • 69 (presumed) victims were sheltered;
  • 79 received psychological/medical assistance;
  • 33 received legal assistance;
  • 9 received training/educational assistance;
  • 23 found employment;
  • 38 required a reflexion period;
  • 31 received a Residence Permit;

25 (foreigners and Portuguese citizens) return to their country of origin/or other.

 

2. INSTITUTIONAL, LEGAL AND POLICY FRAMEWORK TO ADDRESS TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

RELEVANT LEGISLATION

In 2013, Portugal modified the Article 160.º (Trafficking in Persons) of the Penal Code due to the transposition of the Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2010/629/JHA.

Presently, the definition of Trafficking in Persons is:

1 - Whoever offers, delivers, entices, accepts, transports, lodges or shelters any person for the purpose of exploitation, including sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, forced begging, slavery, removal of organs or the exploitation of other criminal activities;

a) By violence, abduction or serious threat;

b) By fraudulent ruse or manipulation;

c) With abuse of authority resulting from a relationship of hierarchical, economic, work or family dependence;

d) By taking advantage of the psychic incapacity or situation of special vulnerability of the victim; or

e) Through obtaining consent from the person who has control over the victim;

will be punished with a prison term of from three to ten years.

2 - The same term is applied to someone who, through any means, incites, transports, proceeds to the lodging or shelter of a minor, or delivers, offers or accepts him/her for the purpose of exploitation, including sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, forced begging, slavery, removal of organs or the exploitation of other criminal activities;

3 - In the case set forth in the previous number, if the agent uses any of the means set forth in the subsections of no. 1 or acts professionally or with the intention of monetary gain, he/she will be punished with a prison term of from three to twelve years.

4 - The above penalties are aggravated in 1/3 (in their minimum and maximum) if the conduct mentioned has:

a) Endangered the victim's life

b) Been committed with special violence or has caused particularly serious harm to the victim;

c) Been committed by public officials in the exercise of their duties;

d) Been committed within the framework of a criminal organization; or

e) As a result the suicide victim.

5 - Whoever, through payment or other compensation, offers, delivers, solicits or accepts a minor, or obtains or gives consent for his/her adoption, will be punished with a prison terms of from one to five years.

6 - Whoever, having knowledge of the practice of the crime set forth in nos. 1 and 2, to use the services or organs of the victim, will be punished with a prison term of from one to five years, if a longer term is not suitable because of another legal provision.

7 - Whoever retains conceals damages or destroys the identification or travel documents of a person who is a victim of the crime set forth in nos. 1 and 2 will be punished with a prison term of up to three years, if a longer term is not suitable because of another legal provision.

8 - The victims consent regarding the crimes set forth in the previous numbers, doesn’t exclude the wrongfulness of the act.

Art. 109º of Law 23/2007 of 04 July - (Act that approves the legal framework of entry, permanence, exit and removal of foreigners into and out of national territory) defines and identifies the possible situations for issuing residence permits to victims of THB.

The residence permit is issued after the expiry of the reflection period if:

a) It is necessary to extend the permanence of the concerned party in national territory considering the interest his/her presence may have to judicial investigations and proceedings;

b) Whether he/she shows a clear intention to cooperate with the authorities in the investigation and repression of trafficking in human beings and facilitation of illegal immigration;

c) Whether he/she has severed all relations with those suspected of the offences listed in the preceding number.

As an exception of this criteria we have the Decree-Law no. 368/2007 of 5th November: it mentions that authorization of residence may be granted to a victim of trafficking of persons without the necessity for the previously mentioned requirement when the personal circumstances of the victim with regard to his/her situations of vulnerability of his/her family members or people with whom he/she has close relationships justify it

Article 111.º of the Act 23/2007, 4 July 2007-(Act that approves the legal framework of entry, permanence, exit and removal of foreigners into and out of national territory) contemplates a reflection period:

Before the issuing of the residence permit foreseen in article 109.º, SEF will grant a reflection period to the concerned person allowing him/her to recover and escape the influence of the perpetrators of the known offences Minimum duration of 30 days and a maximum duration of 60 days.

Law no. 93/99 of 14 July, on the implementation measures of witness protection in criminal proceedings, amended by Law No. 29/2008, of 4 July, includes a set of measures aiming the protection of witnesses, understood as any person, regardless of their status before the law of procedure, who have information or knowledge necessary to revelation, perception or assessment of facts that are the subject of the case, which disclosure represents a real risk to themselves or others ( cf. point a) of Article 2 of Law no 93/99).

In the field of concrete protection measures, Article 16 of Law no 93/99 of July 14, foresee that the identity of a witness is not disclosed when the testimony or statement concern the crimes of trafficking in persons, against the freedom of individuals, against sexual freedom or self-determination, among others. Article 20 cover the situations where the risk can be significantly reduced with the change of habitual residence, as well as the extent of police protection to the family, and the greater involvement of the police force responsible for the appropriateness of other measures. Article 21 grants to special programs of witness protection in criminal proceedings, extendible, were appropriate, to close family members of the witness; Article 26 enshrines special protection measures due to the vulnerability of the witness, measured in a case by-case basis, depending on your small or advanced age, his health or from having to testify or give evidence against his own family or social group to which he belongs in a state of subordination or dependence. Under Article 31-A is possible to grant a moratorium where the protected witness is facing constraints, particularly economic, that unable them to meet financial obligations to the state or other public entities as a result of its cooperation with the justice.

The “Comissão de Programas Especiais de Segurança” (Commission for Special Security Programms - CPES), established by Law No 93/99 of 14 July, under the authority of the Minister of Justice, is responsible for the implementation of special programs for witness protection and ensures their effectiveness.

In 2014, Portugal revised its National Referral Mechanism (NRM).

This revision was based on the following reasons:

  • The NRM in placed up until 2014 was developed in the framework of project CAIM (2008). Consequently, a new response should reflect the legal and institutional changes, namely: alteration of the Penal Code, progression on the level of knowledge on THB, change of its features (as a dynamic phenomenon), impact of the implementation of 2 National Action Plans, and the growth and specialization of (new) institutional actors (e.g. creation of RAPVT, new shelters, and the 4 Multidisciplinary Teams);
  •  After the ‘Big Occurrences’ in the South of Portugal in 2013, RPAVT held a meeting and commonly decided that new clear procedures on articulation and cooperation between all actors (governmental and non-governmental) should be put in place in order to better support THB victims.

This new NRM (for both national and foreigners and for all forms of THB) foresees guidelines to help the identification of (presume) victims and the cooperation between actors in all its stages. More specifically:

  • Definition of THB (its action, means and objective);
  • The special case of children;
  • Connected crimes (smuggling)
  • What is intended by flagging of victims?
    • Victims protection and follow up to competent authorities
    • Reflection period
    • Access to justice
    • Access to assistance
  • Ethical guidelines
    • Gender approach
    • Human Rights approach
  • Explanation of THB for the purposes of:
    • Sexual exploitation
    • Labour exploitation
    • Forced Begging and the exploitation of Criminal Activities
      • In all:
        • What is it?
        • Who are its victims?
        • Who’s at risk?
        • Who can be a possible trafficker?
        • Who can flag a (presumed) victim and where?
          • Indicators about:
            • The victim;
            • The site;
            • The conditions.
          • Overall approach:
            • Guaranteeing safety;
            • Evaluate if the person is a children;
            • Make sure that the person understand what is explained;
            • Create a trustworthy environment and explain who is the professional;
            • Listen, observe and ask
              • Detection of signs;
              • Check causes;
              • Methods to use;
              • Collect evidences;
              • Explain steps for formal identification;
              • Act:
                • If a children;
                • If an adult.
          • List of indicators by each concept of THB definition (please see follow up in the next question).

The NRM as also a flowchart that identifies the ‘when’, ‘who’, ‘how’, and ‘for what’. This last stage identifies accordingly to each procedure the actors involved, namely:

  1. If the case is being followed by an NGO or other body:
    1. If the (presume) victim does not accept to cooperated with law enforcement agencies – contact Multidisciplinary Teams, Shelters or other organizations;
    2. If the (presume) victim accepts to cooperated with law enforcement agencies – contact SEF and PJ Focal points at RAPVT;
    3. If the (presume) victim is a children – contact the National Commission for the Protection of Children and Youngsters at Risk;
    4. If it is not a THB situation – transmit the case to other formal support organization.
  2. If the case is being followed by Law Enforcement Agencies:
    1. If it is not a THB situation – transmit the case to other formal support organization.
    2. If it is THB (formal identification):
      1. Contact Multidisciplinary Teams and Shelters;
      2. Voluntary return:
        1. To 3rd countries: contact IOM/Lisbon Office;
        2. To EU countries: contact Coordination of the National Action Plan.

A list of contacts is provided.

ACM’s Migrant Helpline (former SOS Immigrant Helpline) aims to answer the most frequently asked questions of migrants; it keeps as one of its objectives to signal and support victims of trafficking providing a service on information and referral support, with eventual support of the Telephone Translation Service (TTS), in cases when justified.

o PROTECTION OF THE VICTIMS AND ACCESS TO RIGHTS

All victims of trafficking receive adequate assistance and support, according to their needs, in compliance with the Directive 2011/36/ EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA.

Victims of THB have the right to subsistence, access to a suitable and urgent medical treatment, psychological assistance, protection, translation and interpretation services, as well as juridical services under the stipulations of the law. Foreign victims have the same access to care as domestic victims.

The 4 Shelters Protections Centres (CAP’s) provides support to women, men and children identified as victims of trafficking, regardless of their nationality, age, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability, marital status, political orientation or socio-economic aspects. This support is also extended to minor children of the victims.

The purpose is to ensure temporary shelter in a secure environment, and to promote victim’s physical and emotional recovery and social integration.

The main objectives are:

  • To ensure protection and safety conditions;
  • To assure medical support, emotional recovery, stabilization and well-being;
  • To ensure access to information concerning rights, namely legal and social protection;
  • To promote enlightened and self-determined decision making;
  • To provide victims with the necessary instruments for future autonomy, regardless of the chosen place for integration;

Portugal has 5 Specialize Multidisciplinary Teams (EME´s) that act regionally (North, Center, Lisbon, Alentejo and Algarve), following a proximity perspective, in close collaboration with qualified professionals from governmental and non-governmental institutions, namely Law Enforcement Agencies and the three THB Shelters and Protecting Centers. It is through such collaborative work that the victim’s emotional stabilization and social reintegration is promoted via psychological, health, social and legal support.

The 5 Specialize Multidisciplinary Teams have their main role in the moment of signalization/identification, articulating with law forces and providing all the possible arranges for the victims needs of security, health, accommodation, safety return, integration in a specific THB shelter…

It is important to refer that in 2013 was sign a Protocol that creates the RAPVT (Network for Assistance and Protection to THB victims). It is a structure that brings together the governmental and non-governmental organizations working in Portugal, directly or indirectly, the issues of trafficking in human beings. Thus, the RAPVT (Network for Assistance and Protection to THB victims) guarantee, on the one hand, a better form of intervention, support and articulate a more organized and sustained on the problem of trafficking in human beings and, secondly, a better source of information for criminal investigation and the repression itself. This network congregates both governmental and non-governmental organizations and aims to create a platform for the implementation of new forms of intervention, through the enhancement of agent’s skills, in order to promote a social reintegration of victims of trafficking.

The consolidation of RAPVT aims to implement new paradigms of intervention by strengthening the skills / the different agents of intervention and the improvement of organizational practices.

Also it is important to highlight that all the member of the RAPVT participated actively in the update of the National Referral System. They have participated in the strategic planning of actions, in decision-making, as well as in the evaluation of the intervention carried out in relation to the measures and policies on this phenomenon in Portugal.

Currently, there are five networks (North, Centre, Lisbon, Alentejo and Algarve) each one integrating via Protocols, local governmental and non-governmental partners such as NGOs, Law Enforcement Agencies, Health entities, Employment Agencies, local authorities, children’s protection structures, amongst others.

The aim is strengthening partnerships and facilitating communication at a regional level as an essential methodology for immediate and effective responses towards victim’s flagging / identification and assistance processes.

These Regional Networks plan their annual action through joint meetings and monitoring committees, promoting training actions between partners and carrying out joint actions, such as awareness campaigns or interventions in response to indicators or suspicion of THB.

In May 2013, a structure was created within the National Health Service to respond to violence throughout the lifespan of individuals. Not unlike the structure created in 2008 which responded to abuse towards children and the young, this structure hereafter named “Ação de Saúde Sobre Género, Violência e Ciclo de Vida (ASGVCV) has among its main objectives the prevention of interpersonal violence, including domestic violence, stalking, dating violence, violence against the elderly, vicarious violence, and trafficking in human beings.

In this context, teams were created to address the prevention of violence in adults (Equipas para a Prevenção da Violência em Adultos- EPVA).

These teams/multidisciplinary units integrate physicians, nurses, psychologists and social workers, acting as the health team’s consultants or, in exceptional cases, managing directly situations which exceed the capacity of health teams.

In the scope of this Action, a theoretical framework for good practice in this area was also issued, as well as procedural flowcharts aimed at all health care professionals in the national health care system. Training within this framework of intervention began in 2014.

o PROSECUTION OF TRAFFICKERS AND PERPETRATORS

Crimes recorded by the police forces, by crime of trafficking in human beings, in the year 2016

Year

2016

Crime

N. Crimes

(CC) Against persons

Against personal freedom

Trafficking in human beings

51

Last updated in 31-10-2017

Defendants in criminal cases completed at the trial stage at the courts of first instance, by crime of trafficking in human beings, in the year 2016

Year

2016

Crime

N. Defendants

(CC) Against persons

Against personal freedom

Trafficking in human beings

19

Notes:

a) The counting of the defendants takes in consideration the more serious crime of wich they were accused.

b) From January 2007, the data regarding the courts of 1st instance are gathered directly from the courts’ computer system, representing the status of the cases recorded in that system.

c) The cases that were transferred, attached, incorporated or joined to other procedures and those that were sent to another entity are not counted.

Last updated in 31-10-2017

Criminal cases completed at the trial stage at the courts of first instance, by crime of trafficking in human beings, in the year 2016

Year

2016

Crime

N. Cases

(CC) Against persons

Against personal freedom

Trafficking in human beings

5

Notes:

a) The counting of the cases takes in consideration the more serious crime of the case.

b) The cases that were transferred, attached, incorporated or joined to other procedures, those that were sent to another entity and those marked as "N.E." and modality of the term "N.E." are not counted.

c) From January 2007, the data regarding the courts of 1st instance are gathered directly from the courts’ computer system, thus there is a more dynamic information due to the corrections that can be made to the data received by this new means of collection

Last updated in: 31/10/2017

Convicted in criminal cases completed at the trial stage at courts of first instance instance, by crime of trafficking in human beings, in the year 2016

 

Year

2016

Crime

Total of Convicted

 Final Condemning decision

Emprisonment

Suspended imprisonment with behaviour rules

Suspended imprisonment with probation system

N.E.

(CC) Against persons

Against personal freedom

Trafficking in human

 beings

10

4

..

3

..

Notes:

a) The counting of the convicted takes in consideration the more serious crime of which they were convicted.

b) From January 2007, the data regarding the courts of 1st instance are gathered directly from the courts’ computer system, representing the status of the cases recorded in that system.

c) The cases that were transferred, attached, incorporated or joined to other procedures and those that were sent to another entity are not counted.

N.E. - Non specific

.. Void result/under statistical confidentiality

 Last updated in 31-10-2017

 

o PREVENTION

Each year Portugal launches a national campaign by the 18th of October/European Day against THB aiming at raising awareness on the risk of human trafficking. Along each year several initiatives connected to human trafficking are organized by the regional network to support and protection of victims of trafficking.

3. NATIONAL ACTION PLAN

At the present moment, Portugal has approved at the Council of Ministry Meeting, the IV Action Plan to Prevent and Combat Trafficking in Human Beings 2018-2021. At this moment, the draft of the Plan is in public consultation. As soon as we have the final version, the link will be display and attachments will also be included.

Further information:

PROGRAMMES/INITIATIVES ADDRESSING TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

o PROTECTION OF THE VICTIMS AND ACCESS TO RIGHTS

o PROSECUTION OF TRAFFICKERS AND PERPETRATORS

o PREVENTION

 

 

4. CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION TO ADDRESS TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

  • In the framework of the Portugal-Spain Summit (last one- the 28th Summit - in June 2015), THB is on the agenda as far as the bilateral cooperation between the 2 ministries of the Internal Administration.
  • During 2017 the OTSH coordinated the Training of Trainers Action on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings for Professionals of the Criminal Justice System in Angola - cooperation between the OTSH, the Executive Secretariat of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP) Angolan Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. The action was supported by the MAI Liaison Officer and the Immigration Liaison Officer in Luanda via the Directorate of International Relations and Management of Community Funds of the General Secretariat of the Ministry of Internal Administration and with national and Angolan trainers (Luanda , Angola).
  • In 2015, the Ministry of Internal Administration in the context of the XVI Conference of Ministries of Interior of the Western Mediterranean (Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Malta, Morocco, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya), which marked the beginning of the Portuguese Presidency of this enhanced cooperation group, inserted into the 5 + 5 Dialogue Process (Western Mediterranean Cooperation), reinforced the cooperation against terrorism and Trafficking in Persons. During the Conference, it was adopted the ‘Lisbon Declaration’ that invokes the founding objectives of the Conference of Ministers of the Interior, namely the cooperation to prevent and fight against organized crime and all kinds of trafficking, and the fight against irregular migration and trafficking in human beings, organs, cells and tissues.

(Note: Portuguese version of the Lisbon Declaration at:

http://www.sg.mai.gov.pt/RelacoesInternacionais/OrganizacoesMultilaterais/CoopMediterraneoOciden/Documents/Declaração%20XVI%20CIMO%20-%20PT.pdf).

  • In the framework of the of “G4” – quadripartite meeting between Portugal, Spain, France and Morocco / reinforced regional cooperation mechanism between the Ministries of Interior – last April 2015, in Lisbon, occurred the 3rd Meeting of the G4, under the Portuguese Presidency. In this context, it was adopted the ‘Lisbon Conclusions’ aimed to strengthen bilateral and multilateral cooperation between the 4 States that share common concerns, such as THB.

(Note: French version of the ‘Lisbon Conclusions’ at:

http://www.sg.mai.gov.pt/RelacoesInternacionais/OrganizacoesMultilaterais/CoopMediterraneoOciden/Documents/G%204%20-%20Conclusões%20de%20Lisboa.pdf).

  • In 2013 within 13th Conference of the Ministers of Justice of the Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP), held in Lisbon on 29-30 May 2013, it can be pointed out the Lisbon Action Plan for Establishing Common Measures to Prevent andCombat Trafficking in Human Beings, aiming to promote an effective coordination and standardization at the level of intervention in this field.

Portuguese version available at:

http://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CB8QFjAAahUKEwjj6ono8o_HAhXKE5IKHaTzAnU&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.cplp.org%2FAdmin%2FPublic%2FDownload.aspx%3Ffile%3DFiles%252FFiler%252Fcplp%252Fredes%252Fjustica%252FDeclarao-de-Lisboa-TSH.pdf&ei=4e7AVaP2BsqnyASk54uoBw&usg=AFQjCNHKnnL6vjRCnnkKlsvKJbQc7TkPFw

  • Portugal participates in the Steering Committee of the Rabat Process – Euro/African Dialogue on Migration and Development. One of its thematic area (approved in Rome, 2015, in the IV Conference ‘Rome Declaration’), is the prevention of and fight against smuggling and THB, where the cooperation in border management control, admission and return are a key elements.

More information available at:http://processusderabat.net/web/index.php/initiatives-in-the-region

  • In July 28, 2014, the Ministry of Internal Administration of the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau signed a Cooperation Protocol regarding the cooperation at the operational and technical level on management of migration and border control, in particular in border control areas and monitoring and research in the areas of illegal immigration and human trafficking, among others.

5. RELEVANT REPORTS

Council of Europe Reports (1st and 2nd evaluation round) on the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (Warsaw, 16.V.2005) - Council of Europe Treaty Series - No. 197

https://www.coe.int/en/web/anti-human-trafficking/portugal

 

6. RELEVANT LINKS TO NATIONAL AUTHORITIES/INSTITUTIONS WEBSITES AND OTHER RELEVANT CONTACTS

 

o HELPLINE

High Commission for Migration (ACM) http://www.acm.gov.pt

ACM has the mission of collaborating on determining, executing and assessing the public, transversal and sectorial policies concerning migrations that are relevant for the integration of migrants in the national, international and Portuguese-speaking contexts, for the integration of the immigrants and ethnic groups – in particular, the gypsy communities – and for managing and valuing of the diversity between cultures, ethnics and religions.

HELPLINE: 808 257 257

EME Alentejo -apf.sostsh.alentejo@gmail.com

Specialize Multidisciplinary Teams that has the main role in the moment of signalization/identification, articulating with law forces and providing all the possible arranges for the victims needs of security, health, accommodation, safety return, integration in a specific THB shelter

HELPLINE: 91 865 41 06

EME Algarve -apf.sostshalgarve@gmail.com

Specialize Multidisciplinary Teams that has the main role in the moment of signalization/identification, articulating with law forces and providing all the possible arranges for the victims needs of security, health, accommodation, safety return, integration in a specific THB shelter

HELPLINE: 91 888 29 42

EME Centro -apf.sostshcentro@gmail.com

Specialize Multidisciplinary Teams that has the main role in the moment of signalization/identification, articulating with law forces and providing all the possible arranges for the victims needs of security, health, accommodation, safety return, integration in a specific THB shelter

HELPLINE: 91 865 41 04

EME Lisboa -apf.sostshlisboa@gmail.com

Specialize Multidisciplinary Teams that has the main role in the moment of signalization/identification, articulating with law forces and providing all the possible arranges for the victims needs of security, health, accommodation, safety return, integration in a specific THB shelter

HELPLINE:91 385 85 56

EME Norte -apf.sostshnorte@gmail.com

Specialize Multidisciplinary Teams that has the main role in the moment of signalization/identification, articulating with law forces and providing all the possible arranges for the victims needs of security, health, accommodation, safety return, integration in a specific THB shelter

HELPLINE: 91 865 41 01

o NATIONAL RAPPORTEUR OR EQUIVALENT MECHANISM

National Rapporteur e-mail:mjalbano@cig.gov.pt

Observatory on Trafficking in Human Beings (OTSH):http://www.otsh.mai.gov.pt

o LAW ENFORCEMENT

Immigration and Borders Service:http://www.sef.pt

Judiciary Police:https://www.policiajudiciaria.pt

o CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS

Family Planning Association:http://www.apf.pt

Saúde em Português:http://www.saudeportugues.org

UMAR :http://www.umarfeminismos.org

AKTO:http://www.akto.org/pt

APAV:https://apav.pt

o OTHER