Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings

Malta

Malta

1. GENERAL INFORMATION

The government of Malta remains committed to suppress human trafficking through several initiatives, including the development of victim assistance services, training of government officials, and raising of public awareness.

 

Malta has experienced a limited number of cases of human trafficking, the majority of which in the past mainly involved the sexual exploitation of women. Although cases for sexual exploitation are still encountered in Malta, the majority of the cases concerned labour exploitation in the past 4 years. As reported in other Member States, cases for labour exploitation involve a greater number of victims which was unprecedented for Malta. Thus, adding up to 19, 31 and 24 victims in 3 particular cases. The victims were mainly third-country nationals from the Philippines and including in particular one case involving young women and men, although not minors, coming from Ukraine. All had entered Malta through legal channels. The cases encountered so far did not involve organised crime networks.

In terms of numbers, Vice Squad Police, responsible for trafficking, conducted seven investigations in 2017, compared to three in 2016. Also in 2017, the prosecution of one Maltese national and one Chinese national, both for forced prostitution, was initiated. Four individuals were prosecuted in 2016. The Maltese law enforcement cooperated with a foreign government and extradited three Ukrainian nationals on trafficking charges. Authorities conducted 3,539 labour inspections in 2017.

 

2017/2018

Victim Support Unit

In addition, in 2017 the Malta Police established a Victim Support Unit, which provides a single point of contact for victims of crime, especially the most vulnerable, shortly after filing a police report. Depending on the victims’ needs at that particular time, the Unit helps to minimize the adverse emotional and psychological stresses of victims of crime. The services offered include crisis counselling, information about victims’ rights and referrals to other government and non-government agencies for ongoing support.

US TIP Report 2018

Malta has received a Tier 2 TIP rating this year (2018) keeping the same rating as previous years. Whilst making recommendations in relation to further action to be taken, the report also notes that significant progress has been registered by the Maltese authorities in the sphere of human trafficking and that these initiatives were a step in the right direction.

GRETA – Council of Europe Group of Experts on Trafficking against Human Beings

Government continued to discuss and act to implement the Recommendations, put forward by GRETA, the group responsible for the monitoring and implementation of the Council of Europe Convention against Human Trafficking. In March 2008 the Policy Directorate within the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security sent an interim update report highlighting responses of the Maltese Government in relation to GRETA Recommendations.

Donation to the UN Trust for Victims of Trafficking in Persons

In 2017, the Government of the Republic of Malta contributed USD 23,466 to the UN Trust for Victims of Trafficking in Persons. The Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Trade Promotion contributed equally towards this sum. This contribution will go towards direct assistance to victims of trafficking in person’s worldwide.

Malta National Information Page_mt.pdf

 

2. INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK

 

Legislation

 

All forms of trafficking are prohibited by the Criminal Code (Chap. 9). Following Malta’s commitment to the United Nations Protocol to Prevent and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Act III (entitled Of The Traffic of Persons) was introduced in the Criminal Code in 2002. Nonetheless, trafficking in persons in Malta for the purposes of sexual exploitation was already a criminal offence under the White Slaves Traffic (Suppression) Ordinance (Chap. 63). The White Slave Traffic (Suppression) Ordinance transposed the 1904 International Agreement for the Suppression of White Slave Traffic into national law, which was subsequently amended by the Protocol approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 3 December 1948.

Following the adoption of new legislative amendments in 2013, punishment for human trafficking cases range from six to twelve years' imprisonment. In cases of trafficking for the removal of organs the sentence is imprisonment for a term of between four and twelve years. Sentences are increased by one degree where the victim is a minor. The prescribed penalties are commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes. Additionally, the crime of trafficking in persons is also dealt with under the Title of the Maltese Criminal Code focusing on Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes and the Title addressing Crimes Against the Peace and Honour of Families and Against Morals.

Subsidiary Legislation (S.L. 217/07) transposing Council Directive 2004/81/EC (on the residence permit issued to third country nationals who are victims of trafficking of human beings or who have been the subject of an action to facilitate illegal immigration) was passed in 2007. This legislation provides for giving victims of trafficking or illegal immigrants who cooperate with the Maltese authorities’ permission to reside in Malta for a period of six months (renewable). This legislation also provides for a reflection period of up to two months, prior to the granting of the six-month residence permit.

With a view to further strengthening legal provisions in the area of trafficking in persons for organ removal and organ trafficking parliament published a new law on Human Organs, Tissues and Cells Donation Act, (Cap 558of the Laws of Malta) on the 16 of December 2016. This Act made consequential amendments to the Criminal Code (Cap 9 of the Laws of Malta) therefore Article 248CA addresses measures related to the abuse of persons or abuse of organ harvesting for the purpose of exploitation. Article 248CA of the Criminal Code is intended to make provisions for substantive articles of the Council of Europe Convention against Trafficking in Human Organs and to ensure full compliance with the said Convention.

 

National Action Plan Against Human Trafficking (January 2017 – December 2019)

The Third National Action Plan on Human Trafficking (2015-2016) expired in December 2016. For the purpose an evaluation was conducted in order to plan the subsequent Action Plan. Following consultation with stakeholders the Anti Trafficking Monitoring Committee and officials from the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security drafted a new action plan covering the period from January 2017 till end of December 2019. The implementation of this Action Plan, which is Malta’s Fourth, ensures the completion of tasks carried over from the Third National Action Plan, further to enhancing capability at executive level through appropriate action. Furthermore, policy action aims to ensure the implementation of international commitments by Malta, including the objectives of the EU and other international organisations, thereby confirming Government’s commitment in this sphere. The new fourth action plan shall address trafficking for sexual exploitation in the main however including labour exploitation and trafficking for forced criminality. Based on the 3Ps of human trafficking action shall concentrate on prevention, protection and prosecution delving also into the 4th P, public private partnership to rope in the private sector to introduce and step up efforts to eliminate human trafficking. Action taken to implement measures contemplated in this action plan are awareness raising campaigns, training of stakeholders in the field identified as well as a national research study.

 

Coordination of anti-trafficking actions on national level

Coordination of anti-trafficking action on a national level is conducted on a two-tier mechanism. The Anti-Human Trafficking Monitoring Committee established by the Prime Minister in 2011, was set up to provide for an overall strategic and policy orientation in the field of trafficking in human beings. The Committee members are major stakeholders in the sector; it is chaired by the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security and includes the Attorney General, the Commissioner of Police, the Permanent Secretary, Ministry for the Family and Social Solidarity, as well as a representative of a local NGO and from the Office of the Prime Minister. The scope of the Committee is to monitor the implementation of commitments relating to the suppression of trafficking by the competent authorities, be this in this sphere of prevention, prosecution of offenders or the protection of victims. Furthermore, it monitors the implementation of the National Action Plan and produces reports on the Human Trafficking situation in Malta, it also establishes knowledge and information exchange relationships with other State’s authorities and assesses the operational practices and procedures of all organizations involved in Human Trafficking, amongst other.

On an operational level the Human Trafficking Stake Holders’ Task Force was established by the Minister for Home Affairs and National Security during the same year acting in accordance with the First Malta Action Plan. The Task Force is chaired by the Director General, Policy Development, Ministry for Home and Parliamentary Affairs and members are representatives working at operational level coming from the Government Ministries and Agencies concerned. The Task Force contributes to the implementation of Government strategy in this field, discusses operational issues, liaison among the entities concerned, as well as to make proposals to the Monitoring Committee.

National Rapporteur or equivalent mechanisms

In Malta, the function of the National Rapporteur or Equivalent Mechanism (NREM) is being fulfilled by the Human Trafficking Monitoring Committee. As mentioned earlier this Committee is made up of high level officials, with the mandate to supervise the implementation of the anti-human trafficking policy in Malta and to provide policy direction in this area. It is also responsible for collecting national data as well provides reports locally and on an international level about human trafficking in Malta.

 

3. IMPLEMENTATION OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING POLICY

 

Prevention

 

Efforts to prevent human trafficking in Malta have mainly focused on awareness-raising campaigns and training activities.

 

Guidelines for private contractors providing services to Government

Government issued guidelines to ensure that any private operator contracted to provide services to Government is in line with relevant legislation relating to employment conditions. Operators proven not to comply would lose their contract with the entity or department concerned.

 

Training

As in previous years the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security has engaged the International Organization (IOM) Malta to provide its expertise in knowledge and guidance to build capacity with Maltese stakeholders working in the field and who are considered that they may encounter a victim or potential victim of human trafficking in their day to day work responsibility.

 

Awareness raising

With the aim of fostering awareness amongst persons vulnerable to human trafficking as well as the general public a TV spot relating to human trafficking was produced and aired on the national TVM channel. The spot was shown every day for a period of 3 months at prime time before the main news program. The awareness spot is aimed to encourage members of the public, as well as the victims themselves, to report any suspicious activity.

Although no cases of child trafficking have been identified so far, in Malta, one cannot afford to be complacent, as trends observed in Europe tend to manifest themselves in Malta sooner or later. Therefore training on child trafficking was held for about 100 front line stakeholders and was delivered by NSPCC Child Trafficking Advice Centre, London, UK, a charity specializing in child trafficking and supported by Government funding and human resources. This training was aimed at professionals who work with children in different settings i.e. social care, education, health, immigration, law enforcement, youth justice and non-statuary agencies. An expert from the UK Crime Agency and an Immigration Official from the Home Office in London delivered a session purposely targeting Police officers from Immigration, Victim Support and the Vice Squad. At the same time, victim identification guidelines were reviewed so as to ensure that they continue to reflect the reality on the ground.

 

GRETA

At the same time Government continues to adhere with international commitments to liaise with EU and other international bodies addressing human trafficking issues, including EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator and the Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA). The Policy Development and Programme Implementation Directorate within the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security, which effectively acts as the Secretariat to the Monitoring Committee, provides information to the EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator of the EU Commission and the Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA). Communication between the Directorate and the US Embassy in Malta is also ongoing for the purpose of exchange of information, support and training of various professionals in the area of human trafficking.

 

Assistance and support provided to victims

The government has standard operating procedures for victim identification that allowed a range of entities to refer victims to the government’s social welfare agency. The government also provides legal protection and temporary residence permits to support victims who cooperate with the law enforcement authorities. The national welfare agency offered referral to medical care, employment services, counseling, psycho-social support, and additional emergency shelters and staff. In one large case, the police and national welfare agency joined coordination efforts during a forced labour investigation in order to prepare for a large number of victim referrals. The agency leased additional apartments on a three-year basis to temporarily shelter these victims and to build shelter capacity for future victims.

 

Handbook for Professionals

Additionally, IOM Malta together with IOM Belgium and Geneva drafted and published a booklet which contains necessary information on human trafficking, reference to Maltese laws as well as the Standard Operating Procedures for victim referral. This publication will serve as a support tool for professionals and service providers who may encounter potential/victims of trafficking in human beings since it also contains a print out of the Standard Operating Procedures on Identification and Referral of (potential) Victims of Trafficking. The booklets are being widely disseminated with as many relevant stakeholders as possible.

 

Residence permits

Victims of trafficking are offered a two-month reflection period during which they may decide whether to cooperate with the Maltese authorities in relation to criminal proceedings. Victims of trafficking who cooperate with the Maltese authorities are granted temporary residence permits valid for a period of six months. The temporary residence permit may be renewed if required in accordance with the Permission to Reside for Victims of trafficking or Illegal Immigration who Cooperate with the Maltese Authorities Regulations(S.L. 217/07).On a case-by-case basis, the Maltese authorities can offer legal alternatives to the removal of identified foreign trafficking victims to countries where they may face hardship or retribution.

A victim of trafficking may also benefit from the Witness Protection Programme as established by Article 75 of the Police Act (Cap. 164). This programme may be utilised by any victim of trafficking in persons who accepts and “declares that he will testify during any trial of any participant in the crime and any benefit granted shall be forfeited if the witness refuses to so testify”. Benefits within the programme include the resettlement of victims in other countries under the protection of a new identity, protection of the life and property of a witness and his family, and payment of a subsistence allowance. The final decision ultimately rests with the Attorney General, who decides whether such a person will be admitted to the Witness Protection Programme, as requested by the Commissioner of Police.

 

Special protective measures for children

The Permission to Reside for Victims of trafficking or Illegal Immigration who Cooperate with the Maltese Authorities Regulations(S.L. 217/07) provide that victims of trafficking or of an action to facilitate illegal immigration who are either children or young persons in need of care will be assisted in terms of the Children and Young Persons (Care Order) Act (Chap. 258).

In accordance with the Criminal Code (Chap. 9) wherever the victim is a minor, the offence does not need to involve use of violence or threats, deceit or fraud, misuse of authority, influence or pressure, or the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of the person in order for the offence to exist. Wherever these means are used, they constitute an aggravation and the punishment is increased by one degree.

 

Investigation and prosecution

Special units

Within the Malta Police Force, trafficking in human beings falls under the responsibility of the Vice Squad. The Vice Squad is also responsible for investigation and prosecuting cases of sexual violence, domestic violence, child abuse, curbing of prostitution, missing persons, illegal gambling, clandestine lotto and pedophilia on the internet. With the aim to enhance capacity building in this regard, Police Vice Squad officials are specialist in dealing with case of human trafficking and should therefore enhance capabilities in the identification of cases, in accordance with the objectives of the Action Plan.

Appoġġ AgencyThe social welfare agency has appointed a liaison officer responsible for matters relating to human trafficking, who liaises with the Malta Police Force and other entities on pertinent cases. The Officer also liaises with other professionals within the social welfare agency itself, particularly with regard to the identification, assessment and support to victims of trafficking.

 

The most important challenges at national level

The fight against human trafficking is by no means an easy one. Victims are often reluctant to speak, as they would have been intimidated by their traffickers. Therefore identification of victims of human trafficking remains one of the major challenges posed by this crime, be it in Malta or elsewhere. It is for these reasons that Government has taken action with a view to ensure that efforts in this regard are properly coordinated and given due priority by the relevant stakeholders working in this area. Therefore training also sought to enhance existing contacts, as well as to establish new ones, between several public authorities, as well as to ensure adequate and reliable networking between different authorities for the provision of assistance to factions of society exposed or vulnerable to human trafficking activity.

Government draws up and implements its national strategy, which would provide for policies and practices to address these challenges and identify and help victims.  The organisation and implementation of the multidisciplinary coalition between stakeholders working together to address this crime require adequate funding which is another challenge in itself. Nevertheless Government shall not be detracted from its fundamental responsibility. Measures addressing the three key areas of human trafficking, namely the prevention of trafficking, the prosecution of traffickers and protection of trafficking victims, shall be strengthened and enhanced.

 

Latest initiatives/activities related to anti-trafficking policy

The Government every year allocates an anti-trafficking budget of €20,000, which excludes Government funds provided to agencies for victim support provided elsewhere in the budget.

 

The Action Plan, the implementation of which continues to be monitored by the Monitoring Committee, has the following objectives:

▪ Consolidation of current procedures and initiatives relating to trafficking in persons;

▪ Identification of areas of concern requiring action;

▪ Enhancement of accountability in relation to the delivery of actions within the National Action Plan;

▪ Provision of the necessary tools and resources for the development of a holistic strategy in the fight against trafficking in persons;

▪ Raising awareness among Public Authorities in relation to the importance of trafficking cases with a view to register greater effectiveness in relation to the prosecution of cases and the identification of victims; and,

▪ Where necessary, enhance the Administrative Capacity of Maltese authorities to deal with Human Trafficking cases.

 

Hence the current Action Plan, which covers the period 4th quarter 2011- 4th quarter 2012, provides for actions aimed at preventing human trafficking, prosecuting offenders as well protecting victims.

The Maltese authorities, through the Ministry for Justice and Home Affairs, have also teamed up with IOM, who will be assisting in the implementation of the National Action Plan through the “Launching Initiatives supporting Malta’s efforts to Suppress trafficking (LIMES)” project. The project envisages further training for local stakeholders, assistance in the establishment of a formalised referral mechanism and an awareness campaign among other measures. A meeting between IOM experts and the Monitoring Committee, as part of the initial phases of implementation, was held on 4th November 2011.

 

GRETA

The first report on the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings in Malta was adopted during the 10th meeting of the Committee of the Parties on February 15th 2013.

Generally speaking, the Malta report was positive, as the Committee welcomed the measures being taken by the Maltese authorities to combat trafficking in human beings.  Nevertheless the Committee also put forward recommendations for further action in order to improve the implementation of the Convention by Malta.  The authorities took note of the recommendations and are considering their implementation by means of the National Action plan or by any other action which would be taken in parallel with Action Plan. Malta has nominated a ‘contact person’ as envisaged by the Convention in order to liaison and support the GRETA Group when and as necessary.

 

National study

Two researchers from the University of Malta have been contracted to conduct a second national research on human trafficking. The study is being undertaken to primarily determine the needs of victims of human trafficking in Malta, based on scrutiny of available data and secondary sources, as well as qualitative interviews conducted with migrant women and children living in Open Centers in Malta. Furthermore, the study aimed to assess past experience of human trafficking, if any prior to the migrants’ arrival in Malta and the support which was offered to the victims.

 

Training for border officials and civilian immigration officers

In November 2016, as part of the implementation of the National Action Plan 2015-2016 the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security together with IOM Malta and Brussels organised a two-day training event for police officials from immigration, vice squad and Rapid Intervention Unit as well as for Appogg officials, Asylum Determination Officers and workers at the Agency for the Welfare of Asylum Seekers participated in this training.

The entire expenses for the project was covered by the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security budget for human trafficking action. Besides the foreign speakers, an official from the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security, a Police official, the Head of the Jesuit Refugee Service, a lawyer from an NGO and an official from EASO gave their input during this training programme. The purpose of this training was to increase the ability of the specific target group to recognize signs of trafficking and to be able to link them to indicators of trafficking. The training also aimed at indirectly enforcing and strengthening the functioning of the Standard Operating Procedures developed with the support of IOM and adopted by the Maltese Government by raising awareness among relevant stakeholders on the procedures which should be followed.

 

Training for Ambassadors, Diplomats and Consuls

In addition, another training event was dedicated to 150 Ambassadors, Diplomats and Consuls working in the Maltese Foreign Representations. They were briefed about what is human trafficking among other matters and also about their role in the prevention of the phenomenon.

As a follow, up to this session brochures were disseminated in the various foreign Representations. These were translated into different languages and featured information about regular work and work conditions in Malta and indicators of human trafficking. Police and Appogg Agency helpline numbers were also be indicated in the brochure. This flyer was drawn up by IOM in consultation with the stakeholders and MHAS and is aimed at providing information to third country nationals who wish to come to Malta to work. This will be in part implementing projected measures regarding awareness raising. The project was funded through national Government funds.

 

Training for Judiciary and prosecutors

IOM Malta together with the Irish Embassy in Malta entered into an agreement for a project aimed at addressing the problem of human trafficking titled: Improve Quality of Prosecution and Protection of Victims of Trafficking through the Justice System in the Republic of Malta. The Irish Government funded the project.

The project was spread over a six-month period during which a research was undertaken on local judicial sentences regarding trafficking in persons putting under the spotlight such cases. The findings and analysis were debated in a two-day seminar to which all members of the judiciary and members of the Attorney General’s office and prosecuting police attended. The training was moderated by IOM Malta.

Among other subjects discussed were Challenges and Responses to Trafficking in Human Beings, Gaps in the Maltese Legislation in this sphere, vulnerabilities of victims and case law dealing with pertinent elements to identify the EU Legal Dimension in this field.

 

Training on child trafficking

In line with the current National Action Plan against Human Trafficking the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security organised training for all front-line stakeholders as well as police officers who investigate and prosecute cases of human trafficking including prosecutors from the Office of the Attorney General. 2 separate sessions were held for two groups of participants among others coming from APPOGG Agency (various units including child protection) Jobsplus, Department for Industrial Relations and Employment, Identity Malta, Prosecutors from the Office of the Attorney General, Office of the Commissioner for Children, the Agency for the Welfare of Asylum Seekers, the Salesians Youth Service, Health Transcultural Nursing Services, Community Mental Health Services and Court Services. A special training session was attended by Immigration and Airport Police, Vice Squad and Economic Crime Unit Police as well as police officials and a youth worker from the Police Victim Support Unit.

The training was delivered by accredited child protection trainers from the NSPCC Child Trafficking Advice Centre (CTAC) UK (the longest standing Charity in the UK dealing with child trafficking), in collaboration with the UK’s National Crime Agency. CTAC is a multi-agency team with social workers, a seconded officer from the NCA and an Immigration Officer from the UK Home Office. The National Crime agency’s role is to protect the public by disrupting and bringing to justice those serious and organized criminals who present the highest risk to the UK.

 

National Referral Mechanism

Currently there is a Memorandum of Understanding between the Malta Police and Appoġġ Agency (Malta’s social welfare agency) which provides for ensuring the provision of support for possible victims of trafficking. By means of this MOU, the agency provides all the assistance required to keep the persons concerned safe and secure and refer them to support services as necessary. Services provided by Appoġġ are accessible to both nationals and non-nationals.

One of the challenges envisaged is placing of data on the same electronic platform, since law enforcement authorities and social agencies have sensitive and personal data which they may not be able to make available to each other. Nevertheless, the Anti-Human Trafficking Monitoring Committee is responsible to received data from the main stakeholders that is Appogg, the Police and the NGO’s to keep a central data base. It is also responsible to share and report data to any internal as well as external entities requiring national data in this field.

 

4. EU AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

 

Partner in Netherlands Project

 

During 2016 the Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security engaged in partnership with its counterpart Ministry in the Netherlands in a project for multidisciplinary approach action against labour trafficking. The project sought to draw up guidelines relating to such matters further to eventually approving council conclusions relating to the fight against trafficking. In fact, a Conference was held on the 18-19 January in Amsterdam titled Teamwork! Strengthening multidisciplinary cooperation against trafficking in human beings for labour exploitation. During this an official from the Ministry chairs a workshop and another official gave an opening speech together with other high officials from the Netherlands. In addition, during the conference a Manual was launched to be disseminated among front line actors in all member states. In the run up to the accumulation of information in these manual ‘Review of Human Trafficking indicators in the light of recent developments and case-load. Training leading to the development of guidelines specific to children.’

 

Implementation of the directive 2011/36/EU

Several amendments to the Criminal Code, Chapter 9 of the Laws of Malta in 2013 were made to transpose EU Directive 2011/36/EU on preventing and combating trafficking in Human Beings and protecting its victims and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/EC. The amendments introduced higher penalties for committing a human trafficking crime, in accordance with the Directive, introduced a penalty in respect of persons who knowingly make use of the services of a trafficked person as well introduced the notion that abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability is also punishable, among others.

 

Directive 2012/29/EU on the Standing of Victims of Crime in Criminal Procedures

The Victims of Crime Act, Chapter 539 of the Laws of Malta was published in 2016 in order to transpose the related EU Directive on Victims of Crime To make provision for the rights, support and protection of victims, and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The law was further amended in 2018 to make provisions for substantive articles of the Council of Europe Convention on prevention and combating of violence against women and domestic violence to become, and be, enforceable as part of the Chapter 532 of the Laws of Malta; to promote and protect the right of everyone, and particularly of persons who are at risk of domestic violence to live free from violence in both the public and private sphere.

 

Implementing Council of Europe Convention on trafficking of persons for organ removal and organ trafficking

With a view to further strengthening legal provisions in the area of trafficking in persons for organ removal and organ trafficking parliament published a new law on Human Organs, Tissues and Cells Donation Act, (Cap 558of the Laws of Malta) on the 16 of December 2016. This Act made consequential amendments to the Criminal Code (Cap 9 of the Laws of Malta) therefore Article 248CA addresses measures related to the abuse of persons or abuse of organ harvesting for the purpose of exploitation. Article 248CA of the Criminal Code is intended to make provisions for substantive articles of the Council of Europe Convention against Trafficking in Human Organs and to ensure full compliance with the said Convention.

 

5. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

 

6. RESOURCES

 

 

6.1. Legislation

 

Attachments

Immigration Act Malta Chapter 217 of the Laws of Malta

Criminal Code Chapter 9 Malta of the Laws of Malta

White Slave Traffic (Suppression) Ordinance Chapter 63 of the Laws of Malta

Victims of Crime Act Chapter 539 of the Laws of Malta

Permission to Reside for Victims of Human Trafficking or Illegal Immigration who cooperate with the Malta Authorities Subsidiary Legislation 217.07 of the Laws of Malta

 

6.2 National Action Plans

Attachments

Malta National Action Plan On Combating Trafficking in Persons (January 2017 – December 2019)

 

6.3 Reports

Attachments

US Trafficking in Persons Report on Malta 2018

 

6.4 Links

Ministry for Justice and Home Affairs

Joseph St John - Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security

Tel: 00356 25689303; Email: joseph.st-john@gov.mt

Joyce Damato - Ministry for Home Affairs and National Security

Tel: 00356 25689317; Email: joyce.damato@gov.mt

APPOGG - The National Social Welfare Agency for Children and Families in need

Catherine Fleri Soler; Tel: 00356 22959000; https://fsws.gov.mt/en/appogg

 

6.5 Contacts

NGOS

Jesuit Refugee Service

Dr Katrin Camilleri

Email: katrin@jrsmalta.org

 

6.6 Acronyms

IOM - International Organisation for Migration

UNHCR - United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees