1. GENERAL INFORMATION
Human trafficking in Romania is a social and criminal phenomenon within supply-demand equations. Romania primarily is an origin country for the victims of trafficking, taking into consideration increased vulnerability of populations in search for better living opportunities. The same extent European countries continue to remain at their status as countries of destination for Romanian citizens drawn into situations of trafficking and exploitation.
The demand for sexual services, from side of consumers of such kind of services, also of the employers who sought cheap labor, under provision of a contract outside the or to the limit of the legal requirements, have encouraged the supply “market” from some of the European countries with victims, vulnerable because of rudimentary living conditions or attitudes and judgments that have put them in extremely dangerous situations, involved in various circumstances of trafficking and exploitation of their skills and competences, more or less qualified (forced labor, offering sexual services, begging, forced to commit thefts, etc.)
Concern for countering and diminishing this problem has manifested itself before 2000, but first systemic approach has been made since 2001, following the signing of the Palermo Protocol, when the first steps were made in creating a legal and institutional framework dedicated to this initiative. Strategic dimension of anti-traffic effort was also outlined in the first National Action Plan for prevention and combating THB, followed shortly by a similar document of public policies for combating child trafficking. These first actions were set up the prerequisites of developing assistance centers for victims of trafficking, creation of specialized structures of law enforcement within National Police, followed shortly by the establishment within Public Ministry of Directorate for Investigating Organized Crime and Terrorism (DIICOT), of an entity that brought together prosecutors specialized in the prosecution of this kind of actions.
Training of judges on trafficking related to the typology of casuistry made by National Magistracy Institute has acquired permanent character in recent years and evolution in the last decade overall of the response capacity of the Romanian authorities related to trafficking is a positive one, confirmed by the descending curve of the number of the Romanian origin victims identified and rescued from the traffic situations but also by the consistent response in judicial plan, materialized in a large number of final convictions with punishments even over 10 years.
Legal and institutional framework that have been adjusted during this time with purpose of improving the framework for action, one of the initiatives being the setting up of he National Agency against Trafficking in Persons, in 2006, specialized multidisciplinary team structure (police officers, social workers, psychologists and sociologists) mandated to coordinate efforts of the stakeholders and to ensure synergy of their actions to combat trafficking.
Following the EU Directive 2011/36, ANITP also fulfills the role of an equivalent mechanism according to article 19.
The capacity to assist victims taking into consideration financial difficulties, amplified by the economic crisis, has had a slower evolution and to overruns these, were always sought alternative solutions, an example being The Program of coordination of victims during criminal proceedings, solutions that had as main support nongovernmental organizations involved actively in the field. Taking into consideration these grounds, current strategic priorities, established by Government Decision no.1142/2012 for approval National Strategy against Trafficking in Persons and of the National Action Plan to implement the strategy, precisely target those areas whose development will facilitate a comprehensive approach to the issue nationwide.
2. INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Specialized institutional bodies mandated to fight against trafficking were set up in Romania since 2001. The institutional framework was developed folowing trafficking trends and based on know how and expertise aquired in time.
Now, with more then an extensive period in countering THB, the specialized law enforcement and judicial units existing in every county is continuosly improved its response and techniques succiding to have an excellent record of performance with a high number of prosecutions and convictions over the years.
National Agency against Trafficking in Persons
One particular institutional set up, with very positive results since its operationalization, is the ANITP within the Minister of Internal Affairs, a multidisciplinary team consisting of police officers, social workers, psychologists and sociologists, governmental entity tasked to ensure co-ordination, among anti-trafficking actors, state and non-governmental ones, develop policies and prevention activities. The Agency have national coverage through its 15 regional centres set up to mirror at a smaller scale the Central Unit, being also composed of police officers, social workers, psychologists and sociologists performing similar tasks at local level. One of the outcomes of Agency involvment was a consistent improvement of the anti-trafficking response, guided by the victim centred approach principle. Programs like transnational referal mechanism, developed within a SEE countries project coordinated by ICMPD, curently implemented by Romanian authorities when Romanian victims are repatriated with agency support or Victims co-ordination during criminal proceedings that facilitated access to justice for an increased number of victims, are some of the measures that contributed to a steady development of anti-trafficking capacity resulting in a decrease of the number of victims in the past years and more succesfull prosecutions and conviction of perpetrators.
Improvement of cooperation with civil society organization took also a positive trend in the last 5 years. In this matter, efforts are made to amend legal framework in order to ensure financial support for the NGO’s involved in victims assistance.
Prevention was another area of great interest for Romanian authorities that in cooperation with national and international actors from both govenmental and non-governmental spectrum, developed various prevention actions targeting various vulnerable groups to THB.
With a future medium to long term focus on victim’s social assistance development, Romanian authorities are in the process to prepare and launch an evaluation of the national social assistance system with a view of reconfiguring it in order to guarantee easy access and sustainable process of recuperation and reintegration for VoT.
Romania prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons.
Since 2001 until February 2014 criminalization of trafficking was enforced through Law no. 678/2001 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings. The Law was introduced in the Criminal Code in 2009 and entered into force at February 1st 2014.
Legal and social message of the new code is based primarily on objective punitive policy reform and conceptual approach includes a review of sentences, a logical ordering by condensation of law (in this respect a number of offenses in special laws were included as modified or unchanged in the new cod) and also criminal acts and penalties adapted to the current realities.
In relation to trafficking, the new Penal Code brings naturally some changes compared to former law.
Chapter VII of Title I of the special part of the New Criminal Code - Law no. 286 / 17.07.2009, entitled Trafficking and exploitation of vulnerable persons include offenses of trafficking and related offenses and is made with a part of incriminations currently contained in Law no. 678/2001 on preventing and combating trafficking in persons, as amended and supplemented. The incriminations of the New Penal Code is likely to avoid different interpretations and inconsistent practice created by the application of the texts from special criminal law and also representing transposition into internal criminal law obligations under international legal instruments to which Romania is a party.
The provisions for human trafficking prescribe penalties from three to fifteen years' imprisonment.
These penalties are commensurate with the penalties prescribed for other grave crimes, such as rape. In the new Criminal Code of July 17 2009, chapter VII (Trafficking and exploitation of vulnerable persons) is aimed at establishing crimes, particularly against minors, through a modern approach in line with European and international regulation. Therefore, any acts committed against minors that can be severely harmful to their life, freedom, health, physical and mental integrity are criminalized. Examples include trafficking in minors, procurement, exploitation for begging, forcing a minor to beg, benefiting from the services of an exploited person, rape, sexual assault, sexual intercourse with a minor, sexual corruption of minors, and the recruitment of minors for sexual purposes.
According to Romanian law foreign citizens may be granted a temporary residence permit for a period of six months, as victims of trafficking even if they entered illegally, the period that can be extended.
Foreign victims receive a 90-day reflection period to decide whether they would like to cooperate in criminal proceedings.
National Strategy / National Action Plan
The National Strategy against Trafficking for the period 2012 - 2016 is the next step that Romania makes in the efforts to modernize the management process of preventing and combating human trafficking in the national territory and assistance to victims.
For a better approach to the phenomenon in the interest of Romanian society, the national strategy aimed at establishing the objectives envisaged at national level followed by actions and concrete measure of the responsible authorities in the field of preventing and combating human trafficking.
The national strategy for the period 2012-2016 aims to reduce the impact and dimensions of trafficking at national level by prioritizing and improving the activities so that the efforts of actors involved in the fight against human trafficking to be focused in the following areas:
- Discouraging demand - a fundamental cause of human trafficking which supplies all forms of exploitation - represents a factor which supports the decrease of trafficking, by adapting and strengthening legislative, educational, social, cultural, and administrative or prevention campaigns targeted to reduce it.
- Improving statistical interpretations, mechanisms to collect and analyze data on trends on trafficking in persons.
- Monitoring the situation of victims based on a set of common indicators, standardized, according to European regulations and recommendations.
- Creating educational programs, especially for groups of people at risk in order to increase awareness about the risks of being trafficked.
- Implementation of supplementary specific measures to ensure respect for the right of victims to financial compensation.
- Developing standardized information means to provide specific information, particular to sub domains intervention, for all responsible structures (information on legislation, traffic indicators, the national network of social service providers, contacts etc.).
Coordination of anti-trafficking actions at national level
The Government Decision no. 460/2011 designated ANITP to coordinate, evaluate and monitor the implementation of anti-trafficking, victim protection and assistance policies by public institutions at national level, being subordinated to the Minister of Internal Affairs.
ANITP runs fifteen Regional Centres to monitor the local implementation of the National Action Plans and to support anti-trafficking activities performed in the ANITP's area of responsibility.
ANITP is also responsible for maintaining the Integrated System for Monitoring and Evaluation of Victims of Trafficking (SIMEV) a central database on victims of human trafficking, and plays a key role in the referral mechanism. SIMEV is an important tool for the evaluation of the phenomenon, in order to identify trends and make them available for stakeholders and ensuring the effectiveness of early action to implement the national strategy against trafficking in persons. ANITP ensures the effective referral of victims to the assistance services providers, as well as monitoring the quality of assistance with which the victims are provided.
National Rapporteur or Equivalent Mechanism
In order to support the fulfillment of Romania’s obligation as an EU Member State, year 2013 represents the end of the transposition process of the Directive 2011/36 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA. Common approach of all relevant institutions to adapt national legislation to the provisions of the European law were completed in April 2013 at the deadline required by the European Commission, Romania being one of the first seven MS countries that have managed to fully transpose the directive.
In the process of implementing the article 19 of the EU Directive on Trafficking in Human Beings 2011/36, Romanian authorities opted for an equivalent mechanism to a national rapporteur assigning provided task to the ANITP which was set up within the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
The most important challenges at national level
The main challenge of the national anti-trafficking mechanism remains the assistance provided for victims. The stakeholders continued to identify a large number of victims, but public or private institutions offered assistance to only a minority of victims.
Another challenge that we face is related to the demand reduction. The efforts that we do in this respect have to overcome the difficulty of reaching the target group(s). The clients or the employers of the victims do not represent a visible and compact category of population. It is not easy to find a proper preventive message and an efficient way for its transmission. The solution that we envisaged for dealing with this issue is an extended partnership with NGOs, private companies and state agencies.
 Government Decision no. 460/2011 on the organization and functioning of the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons - ANITP
3. IMPLEMENTATION OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING POLICY
According with its mandate, National Agency against Trafficking in Persons is responsible for drafting anti-trafficking public policies as well for the monitoring of the implementation of the National Strategy against Trafficking in Persons and its subsequent National Action Plan.
The prevention of trafficking in persons has represented a continuous priority increasing in the volume, diversity and strength of the message in the last 5 years. The concept of prevention, as represented by the social actors involved in the prevention of trafficking in persons and victims’ securing – authorities and civil society – has evolved in the same time with the tendencies, less explicit, more or less traceable and visible of the entire process, from the recruitment to the exploitation of victims.
Therefore, the most relevant instrument used within the limits of the general and national concept of prevention of vulnerable persons’ victimization, has been the public campaigns, which were developed at local, national and European/ international level, by public institutions, organizations of the civil society and the business environment, almost every time in a governmental-nongovernmental partnership. More than that, preventive targeted activities have taken place, inter-institutional plans - elaborated and implemented at the local level, projects with objectives and activities with preventive character have been implemented.
All the prevention campaigns aimed to increase the level of education and to inform a specific part of urban and rural population, consisting in the project terms and framework programmes, particular target groups (selected using the criteria of high rate for specific vulnerability).
The content of the public message aimed the most common forms of exploitation, as they appear in the statistics and media in the year 2013: the sexual exploitation, labour exploitation and forced begging.
Perhaps the most important benefit is given by the fact that all the campaigns have been designed, planned and implemented within local, national and international partnerships, adjusted to the local, regional and international context, taking into consideration the target groups of the anti-traffic message.
From the perspective of the social, educational, moral, psychological and media benefits, the programmes, projects and prevention campaigns implemented in the year 2013 have the following references:
- the national and transnational/ European character,
- were implemented, mostly, within formal partnerships, but also, within informal cooperation between authorities, civil society, business environment.
During the year 2012, 42 campaigns were implemented (6 nationals and regionals and 36 local campaigns) and 7 THB preventing action plans, all of these focusing on identification of the causes of the phenomenon and its main exploitation forms. There have been about 100,000 direct beneficiaries and around 1,000,000 tangential beneficiaries (for example Bucharest public transport users).
In 2013, within the 55 implemented projects/campaigns (6 at national level and 49 at local level), 1,800 prevention activities were developed with more than 150,000 beneficiaries. There were also registered more than 2,000,000 beneficiaries of online messages and recommendations.
Within the first semester of 2014, 23 national and local campaigns were implemented with almost 70,000 materials (posters, leaflets and brochures) being disseminated. In the same period, 600 informative prevention measures were developed, with more than 30,000 beneficiaries.
Within the project „Integrated approach for prevention of labour exploitation in origin and destination countries" co-financed by the European Commission, the transnational campaign for preventing trafficking in persons „To work is a right! To exploit the work is a crime!" was simultaneously implemented in 6 states (Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Cyprus, FYROM and Hungary), focusing on preventing labour exploitation.
The target group was the public aged between 18 and 40 and competent decision makers in the field of prevention and countering the labour exploitation.
During approximately 300 direct meetings held within the implementation of the campaign in Romania with target group representatives, useful information regarding THB was disseminated to a number of almost 13,500 direct beneficiaries. The anti-trafficking message was transmitted to the large public through TV and radio spots totaling around 22,000 broadcasts. According to data collected by the campaign’s evaluator, the information transmitted within this activity, reached approximately 5,000,000 persons.
The partnership between the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons and AIDRom – Ecumenical Association of Churches in Romania, materialized in a THB campaign called ,,The right to work is yours ! Do not sell it to the traffickers!”
The campaign’s objective was increasing awareness of Romanian citizens who want to work abroad on the risks associated to human trafficking through labour exploitation. The dissemination of campaign materials was supported by the General Inspectorate of the Border Police, posters being displayed in all international airports and crossing border points
One of the campaigns intended to prevent child victimization in within the trafficking in human beings, was called „Where the begging starts, the childhood ends”, being implemented by the National Agency Against Trafficking in Persons, the Child Helpline Association and the Institute for Research and Prevention of Criminality within the General Inspectorate of Romanian Police. This project was also financed by the France Embassy in Bucharest.
The campaign aimed to ensure the raising awareness among children, parents and authorities from rural areas about the negative effects of the phenomenon of begging.
The project was implemented in rural areas of 5 counties facing this issue and its target group consisted in children aged between 8 and 14, local authorities’ representatives (police officers, mayors, counselors, school inspectors, social workers and informal leaders).
„THE NO PROJECT” represents a public awareness campaign that addresses teenagers in order to increase their level of awareness on the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings through art, sport, music, dance, movie, educational activities and social media.
Thus, the campaign had the role of informing, inspiring and motivating teenagers to act/ respond proactively against modern slavery – putting at disposal their talent, passion and energy in order to raise public’s awareness.
The project was implemented based on a public-private partnership that reunited state institutions (National Agency against Trafficking in Persons), private companies (Bancpost) and nongovernmental organizations (ADPARE, e-Liberare).
The project „Combating trafficking in persons and sex tourism – ETTS” was co-financed by the European Commission and implemented in 4 states from Europe (Italy, Romania, Spain) and Latin America (Brasil), being under the coordination of the Municipality from Genoa, Italy.
The main objective of the prevention campaign of trafficking in persons and sex tourism „Indifference makes us accomplices” was to increase European public opinion consciousness on human rights violence, this being a consequence of sexual exploitation and sexual tourism.
In Romania the target group of the prevention campaign was represented by the following categories: teenagers from educational system, including the entire school community (teachers and parents); governmental and nongovernmental actors that act at local level; public at large.
Assistance and support provided to victims
Studied from sociological perspective that takes into account the dynamics of identified victims, human trafficking enrolls on a downward curve.
Cautiously observing dynamic victim-trafficker relationship, we find that, to a large extent as in previous years, the premises that induced vulnerability of victims, as indicated by victimological analyses and criminal investigations, have connection with variable, such as: quality of life, searching for better living opportunities, inconsistent formal and informal education, limited access and low concern for information, lack of opportunities in the labour market, unemployment, lack of relevant life experience, limited cognitive development and emotional immaturity, attitudes and naive judgments such as „To me? This cannot be happening!”, the origin of victims from broken families, the desire of victims to escape from an abusive or careless environment, the predilection to meet the needs by any means, lawful or unlawful, special vulnerability (sensory, motor, mental or other disability), lack of interest or people’s ignorance to be informed about the risks that may be exposed to situations of labor migration.
Forced into prostitution, pornographic or other forms of sexual exploitation are the main purpose for which victims end up being trafficked. Further, the dimension of Romanian victims exploitation, is high, most victims being trafficked in state such as Greece, Germany, Italy, Spain, Turkey, UK, Austria, Portugal, France, Netherlands and others.
Vulnerability to exploitation is closely linked to gender affiliation (most victims are women) and other socio-demographic indicators such as age and area of origin, variables that are operated by criminals in recruiting future victims and also characteristics that increased vulnerability of victimization.
Special protective measure for children
Combating, preventing, assistance and protection of child victims of trafficking in human beings are specifics objective of the National Strategy against Trafficking in Human Beings. Also, the main framework is Government Decision no. 49/2011 approving the framework methodology on prevention and intervention in a multidisciplinary team and network in cases of violence against children and violence in the family and multidisciplinary and inter-institutional intervention methodology for children exploited and are at risk of child labor, children victims of human trafficking and migrant Romanian children, victims of other forms of violence in other states which gather all the stakeholders involved in the fight against this phenomenon.
Investigation and prosecution
The structural model of law enforcement anti-trafficking system consist of 15 regional units and 27 county units, supervised by Trafficking in Persons Unit from the Directorate for Countering Organized Criminality - Romanian Police, with approximately 250 specialized police investigators performing under direct co-ordination of also specialized prosecutors. Making use of a wide range of tactical and technical instruments, frequently proactively approaching investigations, law enforcement and judicial is providing a resolute response to trafficking in persons.
Over the last number of years, the specialized police officers and prosecutors investigated an average of 750 new cases every year. Approximately 150 indictments were issued with almost 450 suspects send to court for trial. During the same interval, the number of convictions passed by the Romanian courts recorded a constant upward trend, reaching a peak in 2012, when 427 persons were convicted for instances of human trafficking. Sever imprisonment penalties provided by the law are also applied with harshness, the average penalty being se around 5 years:
- 20% of those convicted were sentenced to prison between 5-10 years.
- 13% of those convicted were sentenced to prison between 10-15 years.
- 16% of those convicted were sentenced to prison between 1-5 years.
For the first time, three legal persons were finally convicted for the crime of trafficking in minors. The percentage of persons convicted of trafficking in minors is high, being in the last two years about 60% of the total.
Future path of interest for law enforcement and judiciary has as main objectives in the medium term the consolidation of cooperation with relevant law enforcement partners in destination countries, as well as reinforcing and consolidating the confidence of potential victims and witnesses in the capacities of the Romanian Authorities to efficiently counter human trafficking.
Latest initiative/ activities related to anti-trafficking policy
One of the latest initiatives is related to updating the Romanian criminal policy which entered into force at 1st of February 2014. In the New Criminal Code, the involvement of an official to trafficking in human beings crime committed by public employees in fulfilling their duties was included as aggravating circumstance.
The same chapter is also incriminating child trafficking (as more severely punished distinct crime), forced labour, pimping, exploitation of begging, using a minor for begging, the use of services which are the object of exploitation.
Regarding the sexual exploitation o a person and the punishment for such act, we can specify that the New Criminal Code is no longer incriminating prostitution, but is still incriminating acts triggering the expansion of this phenomenon, such as pimping, trafficking in human beings, the use of services which are the object of exploitation. In most cases these are forms of manifestation of organized crime, and the person offering this type of sexual services, is no more than a victim of the trafficking in human beings or sexual exploitation phenomenon.
The transfer of the public disapproval from the recruited person to the one recruiting the victim will help punishing the real criminals responsible for the extension of the prostitution phenomenon and other related phenomena reflecting a higher social threat, such as trafficking in persons.
The new Criminal Code is no longer incriminating begging, as it was described in the previous Criminal Code, punishing two new crimes, related to begging, ment to keep up with recent specific situations.
These would be the act of begging, committed by a child or a person with disabilities and using a minor by a adult person able to work, with the purpose of receiving a benefit from the public.
An example for this latter situation would be a woman bagging holding a baby in her arms to increase the public’s mercy, will represent a relevant threat, not only because she is injuring the baby’s human dignity, but she is also threatening the minor’s health and even life, taking in consideration the poor conditions that the baby might be subject to, during the adult’s criminal activity (low/high temperatures, rain, snow etc).
In terms of strategic actions is to be mentioned that, starting with the next year, a new National Action Plan will be issued for the period 2015-2016. This policy document, capitalizing on the results already obtained, will provide the policy framework to resume and continue activities related to some of most important objectives of the National Anti-trafficking Strategy, naming “The reconfiguration of Social assistance system for VoT” and strengthening law enforcement and judicial capacity for response on the issue of extended confiscation of the proceeds of trafficking crime.
From another perspective, one ongoing activity will be the study on the compensation of victims conducted with Norwegian Funds and CoE support, with the aim of improving trafficking survivors’ access to such measures.
National Referral Mechanism
The National Referral Mechanism was approved through Order 335 from 29 October 2007 and entered into force at 17 December 2008.
The mechanism aims to adopt a unitary and coordinated response of all anti-trafficking institutions and organizations which shall lead to the improvement of the early identification of a victim, the capacity and provision of protection and assistance to victims of trafficking, regardless of the institution or organization the victim initially gets in contact with.
The document represents a set of norms designed to identify and refer victims of trafficking with the purpose of ensuring support services. The mechanism contains the fundamental principles and legal framework of actions and measures undertaken by institutional partners of the mechanism, concrete identification methods and referral procedures.
The annex of the document includes the list of indicators that can be used for the primary evaluation of a possible situation of trafficking in persons or for identification of an alleged victim of this crime.
- The low level of resources leading to limited involvement of anti-trafficking institutions and organizations;
- The need for continuous training of professionals working with the identification and referral mechanism.
Also, by signing the partnership declaration of the project "Development of guidelines and procedures for identifying trafficking victims guiding people-EuroTrafGuid, Romania engaged in the development of common procedures to identify victims of persons with France Expertise Internationale Organization, National Commission for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings in Bulgaria, Directorate General for International Cooperation Development in Greece, the Ministry of Security and Justice in the Netherlands delegation government to gender violence in Spain, ICMPD, the Council of Europe.
The overall objective was to develop and harmonize the methods and procedures for identifying trafficking victims in the Member States participating in the project through the development of common guidelines.
Taking this into consideration, Romania is considering drafting a new National Referral Mechanism having as starting point the results of the project and adapts them to the national realities.
4. EU AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
The transnational nature of human trafficking requires in the first place, an effective and continuous cooperation with the countries situated on the routes of transit, origin or destination.
Development of bilateral relations confirmed Romania authorities’ capacity to consistently be a constructive presence and develop balanced initiatives with a responsible response.
Also, was taken into consideration strengthening and development of partnerships with Member States, main destination countries, third and neighboring countries.
A characteristic of policies and international cooperation activities in the fight against trafficking of Romania was the orientation for transfer of expertise for development of third countries. Thus, in accordance with European development policy through strategic partnerships with third countries, Romania has provided expertise, training and guidance to countries such as Croatia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Turkey and Serbia, using instruments such as TAIEX and cooperation in the context of European or international projects grant provided by the European Commission, ICMPD and other international organizations.
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- Law 292/2011 on social assistance
- Governement Decision no. 49/2011 approving the framework methodology on prevention and intervention in a multidisciplinary team and network in cases of violence against children and violence in the family and multidisciplinary and inter-institutional intervention methodology for children exploited and are at risk of child labor, children victims of human trafficking and migrant Romanian children, victims of other forms of violence in other states
- Law No. 678/2001 on the Preventing and Combat of Trafficking in Human Beings (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 678/2001 privind prevenirea şi combaterea traficului de personae)
- Law no. 682/2002 on witness protection (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 682/2002 privind protectia martorilor)
- Law no. 302/2004 on international cooperation of the judiciary on criminal issues (in Romanian and English) (Legea nr. 302/2004 privind cooperarea judiciară internaţională în materie penală)
- Law No. 272/2004 on the protection and promotion of the rights of the child (in Romanian) (Legea nr. 272/2004 privind protecţia şi promovarea drepturilor copilului)
- Government Decision no. 460/2011 on the organization and functioning of the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons (HG 460/2011 privind organizarea şi functionarea Agenţiei Naţionale împotriva traficului de Persoane).
5.2 National Action Plans
- National Strategy against Trafficking in Persons 2012-2016
- National Action Plan for 2012 - 2014 Implementing the National Strategy against Trafficking in persons 2012 – 2016.
5.3.1 National reports on implementation
The annually report is available on ANITP website.
5.3.2 Other reports and publications
During last years, ANITP has developed a series of publications or studies within the external funds.
- Trafficking in persons for begging – Romania Study, co-finance by Switzerland through the Swiss-Romanian Cooperation Programme to Reduce Economic and Social Disparities within the Enlarged European Union;
- Transnational study on the characteristics of policies in the field of trafficking in human beings for labour exploitation 2009-2011, with the financial support from the Prevention of and Fight against Crime Programme of the European Union European Commission-Directorate-General Home Affairs;
- Practical guidelines on identification of victims of trafficking under the project Development of common guidelines and procedures on the identification of victims of trafficking EuroTrafGuiD - with the financial support from the Prevention of and Fight against Crime Programme of the European Union European Commission-Directorate-General Home Affairs.
National Rapporteur or equivalent mechanism
Ministry of Internal Affairs
National Agency against Trafficking in Persons
Mr. Romulus Nicolae Ungureanu, Director
Bucharest, Ion Campineanu, Nr. 20, etaj 5, Sector 1, Romania
Telephone: +40 21 311 89 84
Str. Pop de Băseşti nr. 49-51, Sc. 2 Ap. 11, Sector 2, Bucharest
Tel/fax: 021 253 29 04
Str. Halmeu, nr. 12-14 ,Sector 2,
CP021118 , Bucharest
Tel: +4021 212 48 68
0751 179 274
Fax: +4021 210 72 55
Str. Gh. Pripu nr. 22-36, Sector 1, Bucharest
Tel: 021/233 21 35
Fax :021/233 21 36
Centrul „Raţiu” Pentru Democraţie
Pţa 1 Dec. 1918, nr. 1, Turda, Cluj
Tel: 0264/ 317 555
Fax: 0264/306 350
Institutul Est European pentru Sanatatea Reproducerii
Str. Moldovei 1,
540493, Târgu-Mureş, Jud. Mures
Telefon 0265 255532, 0265 255931
Fax 0265 255370
Str. Molidului, nr. 8,Timişoara
Tel: 0256/282 320
Fax: 0256/215 659
People to People Foundation
Pro Refugiu Association
Calea Crangasi, nr.56, sector 6, Bucharest, Romania
Save The Children România
Intrarea Ştefan Furtună nr. 3,
Sector 1, Bucharest.
Tel: (+4)021 316 61 76
Fax: (+4) 021 312 44 86
Zambetul Ingerilor Association
Str. Radu Beller nr. 31
Bucuresti, Sector 2
Solidaritate si Speranta Foundation
Str. Costache Negri, nr. 48, 700071
Tel: (+4) 0232220548
Fax: (+4) 0232271228
Terre des Hommes
Str. Franzelarilor nr.6, Sector 2
020786, Bucureşti, Romania
Tel: (004) 031 4378698
Telefonul Copilului Association
World Vision România
Str. Rotasului, nr. 7,
Sctor 1, Bucharest.
Tel: 021/222 91 01
Fax: 021/224 29 72
National Agency against Trafficking in Persons
Inspectorate General of Border Police
Inspectorate General of Romanian Police
National Authority for the Protection of the Children's Rights and Adoption
National Integrated System to Monitor and Assess Victims of Trafficking