Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA (OJ L 101, 1 15.4.2011)
The Directive provides binding legislation to prevent trafficking, to prosecute criminals effectively and better to protect the victims, in line with the highest European standards.
EU source: European Union
UN forum: Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Affairs)
Statement delivered the Delegation of the European Union to the United Nations, at the General Assembly Third Committee Items 106 & 107: Crime Prevention, Criminal Justice and International Drug Control, including references to the EU anti-trafficking law and policy.
The Hague, October 2014, 3 pages
Children are one of the most vulnerable groups targeted for the trafficking in human beings (THB). Organised crime groups (OCGs) choose to traffic children as they can be easily recruited and quickly replaced. OCGs can also maintain child victims relatively cheaply and discreetly. The exploitation of children violates the human rights of children; to have a safe childhood in their family setting, to receive education, to have time to play and to be protected from exploitation.
Europol, July 2015, 14 pages
OSCE Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, 8 July 2013, 80 pages
Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA), August 2013, 31 pages
The UK Human Trafficking Centre has published its annual assessment on the nature and scale of human trafficking during 2012 in UK.
The assessment explores the number of potential victims, their country or origin, exploitation types, recruitment techniques and transport methods.
European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, Finland
2012 – 2014 (24 months)
Partners and Co-beneficiaries
Ministry of the Interior, Lithuania; University of Tartu, Estonia; Council of the Baltic Sea States/SE
Objectives and results
Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Communication on migration
This Communication deals with new migration and security challenges such as organised crime which is responsible for trafficking human beings or facilitating irregular migration.
European Parliament, 2005, 175 pages
OSCE Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (2009), 59 pages
The third Occasional Paper of the Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Being focuses on agriculture, the second largest employment sector of the OSCE region. It analyses the current challenges within the agricultural sector and the structural issues that cause or exacerbates a worker's vulnerability.