International Labour Office (ILO), 2009, 4 pages
ILO, 2008, 60 pages
The paper is based on ILO research carried out between 2003 and 2007 and summarises qualitative research from ten European source, transit and destination countries. The main purpose of this paper is to shed light on coercive labour practices in mainstream economic sectors, while not neglecting the sexual exploitation of particularly women and children.
The paper aims at shifting the focus from organised crime to labour market dynamics and stresses that irregular migration is big business for smuggling and trafficking networks.
OSCE Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (2009), 59 pages
The third Occasional Paper of the Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Being focuses on agriculture, the second largest employment sector of the OSCE region. It analyses the current challenges within the agricultural sector and the structural issues that cause or exacerbates a worker's vulnerability.
ILO, 20 May 2014, 66 pages
Forced labour in the private economy generates $ 150 billion in illegal profits per year, about three times more than previously estimated, according to a new report from the International Labour Organization (ILO).
The ILO report, Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour, said two thirds of the estimated total of $150 billion, or $99 billion, came from commercial sexual exploitation, while another $51 billion resulted from forced economic exploitation, including domestic work, agriculture and other economic activities.
Austria and Neighbouring Countries – Preventing and Combating all Forms of Trafficking in Women: Improving Transnational Coordination and Cooperation; Developing and Strengthening Networks and Partnerships with Third Countries: Master Plan for Implementation, Joint Regional Activities for the Period 2011 to 2013
January 2011, 25 pages
The Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) / Skrivankova Klara
November 2010, 38 pages
This paper begins with the question: Where does decent work end and labour exploitation begin, and where does labour exploitation end and forced labour begin?
International Labour Organisation (ILO) 2008, 222 pages
This resource kit captures over 10 years of work by ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) and its partners. It makes the experiences and knowledge available to those who design, implement and improve policy and programming to fight child trafficking.
The resource kit is composed of five separate but interrelated books that cover a range of themes:
Book 1 is designed to help users to understand human trafficking, particularly trafficking that involves children
ILO, June 2012, 32 pages
This Policy Note considers the progress that ILO member States are making in the application of ILO Conventions and Recommendations. It draws on two reports considered by the 2012 International Labour Conference: 'Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work: From commitment to action' and 'Giving globalization a human face'.
It points out that while some progress is being made in reducing child labour in too many cases the rights contained in these international standards are still not fully applied in practice and enforced.
U.S State Department, 2011, 420 pages
The US State Department has published the 2011 Trafficking in Persons Report, a detailed examination of the issue, ranking every major country across the globe.
The major forms of human trafficking covered by the report include:
Conny Rijken and Edffie de Volder, Connecticut Journal of Internatonal Law, 2009, Vol. 25:49, 32 pages