Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings

Labour exploitation

Labour exploitation

Forced labour and trafficking in Europe: how people are trapped in, live through and come out

ILO, 2008, 60 pages

The paper is based on ILO research carried out between 2003 and 2007 and summarises qualitative research from ten European source, transit and destination countries. The main purpose of this paper is to shed light on coercive labour practices in mainstream economic sectors, while not neglecting the sexual exploitation of particularly women and children.

The paper aims at shifting the focus from organised crime to labour market dynamics and stresses that irregular migration is big business for smuggling and trafficking networks.


Challenges on Human Trafficking for Labour Exploitation in the Agricultural Sector in the OSCE Region

OSCE Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (2009), 59 pages

The third Occasional Paper of the Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Being focuses on agriculture, the second largest employment sector of the OSCE region. It analyses the current challenges within the agricultural sector and the structural issues that cause or exacerbates a worker's vulnerability.


Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour

ILO, 20 May 2014, 66 pages

Forced labour in the private economy generates $ 150 billion in illegal profits per year, about three times more than previously estimated, according to a new report from the International Labour Organization (ILO).

The ILO report, Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour, said two thirds of the estimated total of $150 billion, or $99 billion, came from commercial sexual exploitation, while another $51 billion resulted from forced economic exploitation, including domestic work, agriculture and other economic activities.



Combating trafficking in children for labour exploitation: A resource kit for policy-makers and practitioners

International Labour Organisation (ILO) 2008, 222 pages

This resource kit captures over 10 years of work by ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) and its partners. It makes the experiences and knowledge available to those who design, implement and improve policy and programming to fight child trafficking.

The resource kit is composed of five separate but interrelated books that cover a range of themes:

Book 1 is designed to help users to understand human trafficking, particularly trafficking that involves children


Tackling child labour: From commitment to action

ILO, June 2012, 32 pages

This Policy Note considers the progress that ILO member States are making in the application of ILO Conventions and Recommendations. It draws on two reports considered by the 2012 International Labour Conference: 'Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work: From commitment to action' and 'Giving globalization a human face'.

It points out that while some progress is being made in reducing child labour in too many cases the rights contained in these international standards are still not fully applied in practice and enforced.