Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings

Trafficking as a criminal enterprise (TRACE)

Trafficking as a criminal enterprise (TRACE)




Trilateral Research and Consulting LLP


1 371 605,70 € (maximum EU grant – 1 006 492,37


24 months


Trilateral Research & Consulting (UK); Vrije Universiteit Brussel (BE); University of Tilburg (NL); The Council Of The Baltic Sea States Secretariat (SE); National Agency Against Trafficking in Persons (RO); Cyprus Police (CY); La Strada International (NL).


TRafficking as A Criminal Enterprise (TRACE) aims to support stakeholders in combating and disrupting human trafficking, one of the largest criminal enterprises in the world, by assessing and consolidating information surrounding the perpetrators and the wider trafficking enterprise. To achieve this TRACE adopts a multi-disciplinary approach: legal, criminological, socio-economical, psychological and law enforcement-oriented, in order to provide a full account of the phenomenon, and build upon on-going European and national projects and activities. Through six Work Packages it will focus on the activities of the perpetrators by developing an understanding of the structure, social relationships, modus operandi, travel routes and technologies associated with different types of human trafficking (human trafficking for sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, forced criminal activities etc.).

Based on this TRACE seeks to be able to better identify who is in danger of being trafficked and furthermore, who is vulnerable to becoming involved in human trafficking (including those who may have been victims themselves).

TRACE acknowledges that human trafficking involves a chain of criminal behaviours, activities and processes and will consolidate up-to-date information, good practice and expert opinion to provide stakeholders with an intervention strategy based on policy recommendations for disrupting the trafficking chain. These recommendations will be based on stakeholder consensus reached via interviews, expert workshops, and the final conference. TRACE has designed its dissemination plan, including the development of briefing papers, to disseminate relevant up-to-date information surrounding the different facets of the project to relevant stakeholders in order to support their efforts in disrupting the business of trafficking in human beings.

The first deliverable published by the project is “Review of the media framing of human trafficking”. Further deliverables will follow soon and will be available on the project web site.

Further information

Kush Wadhwa,

Publication Date
Monday, 24 November, 2014