Agriculture and rural development

"MAP - Monitoring Agri-trade Policy" - ARCHIVE

"MAP - Monitoring Agri-trade Policy" - ARCHIVE

Trade analysis
"MAP - Monitoring Agri-trade Policy" - ARCHIVE

The "MAP - Monitoring Agri-trade Policy" series provides in-depth analyses of relevant agricultural trade and agri-trade policy issues.


  • "Global and EU agricultural exports rebound" - Annex - Summary (May 2011)

    The focus of this MAP is that trade has bounced back in 2010. Global agricultural trade rebounded more strongly than general trade, to reach an all-time high, at least 12% above the previous record set in 2008. EU agricultural trade came back on track, with record exports. The strengthening of the EU market is witnessed by the rise in imports, though they remain below the peak of 2008. The resulting improvement in the trade balance turned the EU into a net exporter in 2010, for the first time since 2006, with a €6 billion agricultural trade surplus. This is driven largely by exports with stronger demand for final products, as the EU's key trading partners come out of recession and higher prices for commodities and intermediate goods, combined with a weaker Euro.


  • "EU agricultural trade: back on track?" - Summary (June 2010)

    The focus of this MAP is the impact of the global economic and financial crisis on agricultural trade. Although agricultural trade was relatively less affected that other goods and services, it still fell by 13% in value and 3% in volume in 2009. This was also an exceptional year for the EU, as it reversed the growth pattern of the previous years, with a decline both in agricultural imports and exports. Although it is impossible to precisely disentangle all the factors contributing to the contraction in trade, there is no doubt that the crisis had a strong impact though the severe decline in international commodity prices and exchange rate fluctuations also played a role.


  • "Ukraine’s agriculture: harvesting the potential?" - Summary (December 2009)

    Ukraine is one of the rising stars of Eastern Europe, with huge agricultural potential but which has yet to be fully realised. It is a net exporter of agricultural products and a leading global grains and sunflower oil exporter. However Ukraine's capacity to achieve its full export potential has been hindered by restrictions on exports, aimed at controlling inflation. Ukraine's accession to WTO in 2008 has increased trading opportunities for the EU, which has replaced Russia as its top agricultural trading partner. It is a growing market particularly for EU exports of final products and this looks set to continue with the launch of Free Trade Agreement (FTA) negotiations in 2008.


  • "EU Agri-Trade: Moving through turbulent times" - Summary (July 2009)

    The evolution of agricultural trade is the focus of this MAP newsletter. Last year the EU's trade deficit grew to nearly €5 billion, mainly due to the increased cost of commodities and intermediate products. High prices also explain the growth in the US trade surplus to $35 billion. The MAP also examines the impact of the current economic crisis on trade. In the first quarter of 2009, the EU's deficit expanded, although the decrease in EU Trade has slowed down in March compared to February. Global trade has also slowed down with US and Brazilian exports down as well as Chinese and Japanese imports.


  • "The new US Farm Bill: Zooming in on ACRE" - Summary (February 2009)

    The long-awaited 2008 US Farm Bill is the subject of the first MAP of 2009. With farmers now signing up for support schemes for 2009/10, we zoom in on the new scheme known as the Average Crop Election Programme or ACRE. Because guaranteed prices under ACRE lock in the increases of the last two years, the new programme looks more attractive than the traditional suite of commodity support schemes. If there is a high take-up and if prices fall, then expenditure could increase sharply over levels seen in recent years. US agricultural policy once again appears to be increasing the trade-distorting component of its domestic support.


  • "The 2008 Outlook for World Agricultural Commodity Markets" - Summary (October 2008)

    So far this has been a turbulent year for world agricultural markets with record high prices followed by a sharp downturn in recent months. This MAP of highlights the changes that agricultural markets have undergone this year and identifies the main trends for the outlook up to 2017, based on projections by OECD-FAO and FAPRI. These projections were made before prices reached their peaks in 2008 and before the subsequent sharp decline in prices over recent months. They conclude that structural factors could sustain prices over the medium-term, though well below the recent price peaks.


  • "China: Out of the Dragon’s Den?" - Summary (May 2008)

    China is one of the fastest growing economies today and is the third largest trader after the EU and the US. The focus of this MAP is on trade, which has been one of the key drivers of economic growth since China joined the WTO in 2001. It has been a net importer of agricultural products since 2003 and is the biggest importer of several key commodities, including soybeans and edible oils. Increases in income and urbanization, leading to increased feed and food demand, mean that China's impact on world agricultural markets can only become stronger.


  • "India's role in world agriculture" - Summary (December 2007)

    India is one of the fastest growing economies of the world today and among the world's leading agricultural producers and yet its trade flows are relatively small compared with other main players.


  • "The Changing Face of EU Agricultural Trade" (July 2007)

    Focus on changes in EU agricultural trade: despite the strengthening of the Euro and the enlargement, that increased net imports, the EU became the leading exporter of agricultural products.


  • "The 2007 Outlook for World Agricultural Commodity Markets" (May 2007)

    This MAP examines the outlook for markets as we enter into a boom era for commodity prices, partly caused by drought and partly by the unprecedented level of fuel demand. The outlook is for prices to stay high but this is subject to many uncertainties including the development of biofuels, policy changes, WTO and, as always, the weather.



  • "Brazil’s Agriculture: a Survey" (November 2006)

    Describes Brazilian agriculture, its importance within the overall economy, its position within world trade for key sectors and outlook for the future.





  • "US farm policy" (March 2005)

    Focuses on US farm policy and domestic support – how it has evolved, the main elements of its domestic support system and how it compares to EU farm policy.



MAP Briefs


  • "The Medium-Term World Agricultural Outlook 2009: Calmer after the storm?" (July 2009)

    This year the main theme of the report [pdf] and MAP on agricultural commodity markets is the depth of economic recession and uncertainty about the speed of recovery. After reviewing the latest projections by OECD-FAO and FAPRI, the report looks at the impact of the latest macro-economic estimates. It notes that the medium term projections for prices are still upbeat. The report also contains a chapter on historical price volatility, concluding that this has increased for the products observed.


  • "EU Agricultural Trade in 2007 - An Update" (June 2008)

    Contains an update of the situation of EU agricultural trade following the publication of the MAP newsletter of May 2007. In particular it explains why the EU again became a net importer of agricultural products in 2007.







  • "EU-US agricultural trade" (August 2005)

    Spotlight on EU-US agricultural trade, in particular the impact of exchange rate and price fluctuations and the different trade structures.


  • "AVE - Ad Valorem Equivalents" (April 2005)

    Updates the May 2007 MAP newsletter on world commodity markets following the publication of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2007-2016.



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