Agriculture and rural development

Impact assessment for the 2008 CAP "Health Check"

Impact assessment for the 2008 CAP "Health Check"

Policy perspectives
Impact assessment for the 2008 CAP "Health Check"

The 2008 CAP "Health Check" modernised, simplified and streamlined the CAP and removed restrictions on farmers, thus helping them to respond better to signals from the market and to face new challenges.

On 20 November 2008 the EU agriculture ministers reached a political agreement on the "Health Check" of the Common Agricultural Policy.

Among a range of measures, the agreement abolishes arable set-aside, increases milk quotas gradually leading up to their abolition in 2015, and converts market intervention into a genuine safety net. Ministers also agreed to increase modulation, whereby direct payments to farmers are reduced and the money transferred to the Rural Development Fund.

This allowed a better response to the new challenges and opportunities faced by European agriculture, including climate change, the need for better water management, the protection of biodiversity, and the production of green energy.


Council outcome

Council Regulations Nos (EC) Nos 72/2009, 73/2009 and 74/2009 of 19 January 2009

Guide: Current situation, Commission proposal and Council outcome


Legislative proposals


Legislative proposals

Working documents - supplementary financial statement

Question and answers

Slide show


Impact assessment

Executive summary

Main report


Annex A: Public consultation summary

Annex B: Economic situation of EU agriculture

Situation and prospects for EU agriculture and rural areas

The impact of the developments in agricultural producer prices on consumers (11/2007) - Update (05/2008)

Annex C: Direct Support Scheme

Simplification of the Single Payment Scheme

Cross compliance

Partially coupled support

Individual limits for direct payments

Annex D: Market measures

Cereal Intervention and Set-aside

Milk Quotas

Supplementary analysis

How to interpret additional internal EU milk demand

Slide show

Other support schemes

Risk and Crisis management

Annex E: New challenges

New challenges


Annex F: Microeconomic (FADN) analyses

Introduction and table of contents

Single Payment Scheme

Partially coupled support

Individual limits for direct payments per beneficiary


Dairy issues

Milk margins

Milk margins' evolution

Impact of a price reduction on milk margins

Complement on mountain areas

Complements on national aids


Impact of the coupled payment suppression on rice margins

Complement for Portugal

Complement rice and irrigated grain maize



Annex G: Relevant evaluation studies


Commission Communication

Communication from the Commission: "Preparing the 'Health Check' of the CAP reform" 

Question and answers

Slide show