Organic Farming

EU Policy

EU Policy

As the demand for and production of organic products in the European Union has increased, so has the EU’s efforts in terms of policy implementation, standards, and monitoring.

EU legislation

EU legislation ensures that ‘organic’ means the same for consumers and producers all over the EU. Legislation concerning organic produce is developed with the participation of Member States and the assistance of advisory and technical committees and expert bodies.

  • Read a brief overview of EU organic legislation.
  • Find out more about the Regulatory Committee, and the Advisory Group on Organic Farming.
  • Discover the EU’s position on food quality policy.

Policy development

Find out how EU policy is reviewed through:

  • the Inter-Service Steering Group,
  • Consultation with stakeholders and expert hearings.

EU rules on production

EU-wide regulations cover the organic farming supply chain – from production, to control, and labelling.

  • Legal framework – discover what the European Union does in organics, and its legal framework for organics.
  • Plants and plant products – find out what applies for plant produce in the EU.
  • Seeds database – the official resource of databases with suppliers of organic seeds and propagating material.
  • Livestock – organic meat and dairy products: Find out what applies for livestock production in the EU.
  • Processed products – find out what applies for processed products.
  • Seaweed and aquaculture – find out what applies for seaweed and aquaculture.
  • Organic wine – the cultivation of organic grapes for wine production is increasing. Find out what rules apply for organic wine production in the EU.

EU rules on trade

  • Find out what rules exist for Trade in organic produce.
  • Discover which control bodies are involved.
  • Learn about the trading partners of the EU.

2014 Action Plan for the future of Organic Production in the European Union

The Action Plan for the future of Organic Production in the European Union set out 18 initiatives in order to achieve certain objectives in developing the organic food market, by increasing efficacy, transparency and consumer confidence.

Data and statistics

The EU market for organic food was valued at 19.7 billion euro in 2011, with a total area of 9.6 million hectares cultivated as organic - up from 5.6 million hectares in 2002.

  • Consult the 2013 Report on Organic farming in the EU to learn about the developments in the EU organic farming sector.
  • Discover the latest facts and figures from across the EU.

Expert advice

  • Get to know the work of the expert group for technical advice on organic production.
  • Read the ad-hoc expert group’s recommendations.
  • Find necessary documents for meetings, final reports, calls for applications, and more.