The input of EU experts in agriculture allows the EU to make a valuable contribution to the OECD's work in this policy area.
What is the OECD and what does it do?
The OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) is composed of 33 countries sharing the principles of market economy, pluralist democracy and respect for human rights.
The OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share expertise and seek solutions to common economic problems.
- works on understanding what drives economic, social and environmental change
- monitors and evaluates policies,
- makes market forecasts,
- sets mutually agreed international standards in a wide range of areas, from agriculture and tax to the safety of chemicals.
What is the EU involvement in the OECD?
While the EU enjoys a special status in the OECD, the competence of EU experts in the policy areas dealt with by the OECD allows the EU to make a valuable contribution to its work.
EU experts attend and give oral and written submissions in all OECD working groups in the agricultural domain, which number around 30 meetings per year.
What work does the OECD do on agriculture?
OECD analyses and policy recommendations aim to promote knowledge and provide guidelines for governments to make progress in a globalised economy.
EU experts are particularly active in the work on:
The OECD's Global Forum for Agriculture and outreach to emerging economies is also key in bringing major actors to discuss common challenges.
How do different international organisations work together in agriculture?
The OECD has official relations with many other international organisations (IO) and bodies, of which the EU is also member. In the agriculture domain, organisations such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) are particularly relevant. Strengthened cooperation in recent years between OECD and FAO has improved the agricultural market outlook and work undertaken by then OECD and other international organisations resulted in the recent report to G20 on food price volatility and agricultural productivity.