European farmers eligible for direct payments will receive as from 1 December 2016 an additional €435 million amounting to the unused crisis reserve.
As agreed in the 2013 CAP reform, a relevant amount is deducted every year from farmers' direct payments in order to create a yearly agricultural crisis reserve. It can be mobilised, where the annual budget is not sufficient to finance the needs for market support measures such as public intervention and private storage, and exceptional measures in crisis situations. If not used by the end of the year, this reserve goes back to farmers.
Since September 2015 the Commission has provided over €1 billion extra in financial support to the agriculture sector facing particularly difficult market situations. However, it was decided by the Commission and co-legislators to finance this support without touching the crisis reserve so as not to affect the direct payments received by farmers. The additional measures taken such as the extension of existing market measures and the distribution of national envelopes were financed from existing budgetary availabilities in 2016, while the latest solidarity package from July 2016 for the dairy and other livestock sectors will be funded from the 2017 budget.
Speaking today, Commissioner Phil Hogan said: "2016 has been a difficult year for many farmers and a number of market sectors in particular. I am pleased that the Commission has been able to respond with a series of additional measures – without having to trigger this last resort, the agricultural crisis reserve. This means that we have been able to react without reducing EU income support to the farming sector."
Since its introduction within the 2013 reform, the crisis reserve has not been used. The deduction only applies to direct payment amounts above €2000 and did not yet apply in Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania in budget year 2016 because the Direct Payments amounts were still not fully phased in in these Member States.