Imports of garlic into the EU are subject to import licences and certificates of origin.
European Union (EU) countries produce around 300 000 tons garlic per year, compared to roughly 23 million tons worldwide. With a production of more than 200 000 tons (in 2016), Spain is Europe's biggest producer, followed by Italy and France. EU imports garlic mainly from China and Argentina.
EU rules set out tariff quotas, introducing a system of import licences and certificates of origin for garlic and certain other agricultural products imported from countries outside the EU. There are import licences for garlic under quotas (so called "A" licences) and import licences issued outside of the quotas (“B” licences).
>> "B" licence applications for garlic (per year)