To facilitate the accession negotiations, the entire legal framework of the EU, known as "acquis", is divided into 35 chapters, corresponding each to one policy area. Chapter 11 covers all aspects of the agricultural and rural development sector.
Agriculture and Rural Development chapter
Accession negotiations in the agricultural chapter focus on the procedures for future direct payments, support to rural development or on the need for transitional measures facilitating integration into the EU, taking into account the specific circumstances of the agricultural sector in the candidate countries in the process.
The agricultural and rural development chapter includes a large number of binding rules, many of which are regulations that are directly applicable. The proper application of these rules and their effective enforcement by an efficient public administration is essential for the functioning of the CAP.
This includes the laws governing management systems such as a paying agency and the Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS), and also the capacity to implement rural development actions.
EU membership requires the integration of a range of agricultural products, including arable crops, sugar, animal products and specialised crops, into the common organisation of the market.
The implementation, management and control of the CAP require the creation, modification and/or strengthening of appropriate administrative structures (e.g. Paying Agency and IACS). In some cases, the acquis sets out detailed specifications for the required administrative structures.
For other elements the CAP acquis simply uses terms such as the "competent authority" to refer to the administrative structure that is needed. It is left to each Member State to designate the institution responsible for effective implementation of the acquis. However, the acquis specifies the objectives to be attained and the functions to be ensured by an adequate administrative body in the Member States.