What does it involve?
Cooperation between Member States on youth policy is based on a system known as the 'Open Method of Coordination' (OMC): the aim is to set a joint agenda, exchange best practices and improve the evidence base for policy-making.
Why is it needed?
The OMC provides a flexible and efficient means for sharing ideas and implementing policies. Priorities and the tools needed to achieve agreed objectives are laid down in the EU Youth Strategy. In particular, this:
- identifies and defines joint policy objectives
- establishes shared tools to measure policy impact
- encourages benchmarking between Member States i.e. comparison of performance and exchange of best practices
How does it happen?
The Education, Youth, Culture and Sport (EYCS) Council gathers Ministers twice a year. It usually adopts decisions by qualified majority and codecision with the European Parliament.
The work of the Council is prepared by the Permanent Representatives Committee (COREPER) and the Youth Working Party, chaired by the EU Presidency, with delegates from Member States and representatives of the European Commission.
What has been acheived so far?
Since the current EU Youth Strategy came into force in 2010, the EU 'trio' Presidencies focused on the following priorities:
Employment (January 2010 - June 2011)
- Spain - Social Inclusion
- Belgium - Youth Work
- Hungary - Participation
Participation (July 2011-December 2012)
- Poland - Youth & the World
- Denmark - Creativity & Innovation
- Cyprus - Social Inclusion
Social Inclusion (January 2013- June 2014)
- Ireland - Quality youth work
- Lithuania - Young people not in employment, education and training
- Greece - Culture and Entrepreneurship
Youth Empowerment (July 2014 – Devcember 2015)
In the context of the EU Youth Strategy, see below for the Resolutions and Conclusions adopted by the Council by year
Resolution on the active inclusion of young people: combating unemployment and poverty
Resolution on youth work
Council Conclusions on access of young people to culture
Council Conclusions on the European and International Policy Agendas on Children, Youth and Children's Rights
Council Conclusions on the Youth on the Move initiative – an integrated approach in response to the challenges young people face
Resolution on the structured dialogue with young people on youth employment
Resolution on encouraging new and effective forms of participation of all young people in democratic life in Europe
Council Conclusions on the Eastern dimension of youth participation and mobility
Council Conclusions on fostering the creative and innovative potential of young people
Council Conclusions on the participation and social inclusion of young people with emphasis on those with a migrant background
Resolution on the overview of the structured dialogue with young people on youth participation in democratic life in Europe
2012 Joint Report of the Council and the Commission on the implementation of the renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field (2010 - 2018)
Council Conclusions on the contribution of quality youth work to the development, well-being and social inclusion of young people
Council Conclusions on maximising the potential of youth policy in addressing the goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy
Council Conclusions on enhancing the social inclusion of young people, with particular emphasis on young people not in employment, education or training (NEET's)
Resolution on the overview of the structured dialogue process including social inclusion of young people
Resolution on a European Union Work Plan for Youth for 2014-2015
Council Conclusions on promoting youth entrepreneurship to foster social inclusion of young people
Council conclusions on promoting young people’s access to rights in order to foster their autonomy and participation in civil society
Council conclusions on reinforcing youth work to ensure cohesive societies
Council conclusions on enhancing cross-sectorial policy cooperation to effectively address socio-economic challenges facing young people