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View Treaty - General Data

GENERAL DATA
Type of Agreement
Multilateral
Official Title
United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
Place of Signature
Vienna
Date of Signature
20/12/1988
Date of Entry Into Force
11/11/1990
Duration
Indefinite
Objective of Agreement
To promote cooperation among the parties so that they may address more effectively the various aspects of illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances having an international dimension. In carrying out their obligations under the Convention, the parties shall take necessary measures, including legislative and administrative measures, in conformity with the fundamental provisions of their respective domestic legislative systems.
Remarks
The United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances adopted in Vienna on 19 December 1988 is part of the worldwide effort to combat illegal drugs. Within its sphere of competence, the Community participated in the negotiation and concluded the Convention on behalf of the Community by means of Council Decision 90/611/EEC.

Article 12 of the Convention requires a system to be introduced to monitor international trade in drug precursors, taking account of the fact that, in principle, trade in these substances is lawful. Consequently, the Community adopted measures to strike an appropriate balance between the desire to exploit all possible means to prevent drug precursors reaching illicit drug manufacturers and the commercial needs of the chemical industry and other operators: Council Regulation (EEC) No 3677/90 of 13 December 1990 laying down measures to be taken to discourage the diversion of certain substances to the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.

See also Council Regulation (EC) No 111/2005 of 22 December 2004 laying down rules for the monitoring of trade between the Community and third countries in drug precursors.

The three major international drug control treaties are mutually supportive and complementary. An important purpose of the first two treaties is to codify internationally applicable control measures in order to ensure the availability of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for medical and scientific purposes, and to prevent their diversion into illicit channels. They also include general provisions on illicit trafficking and drug abuse.

Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961: This Convention aims to combat drug abuse by coordinated international action. There are two forms of intervention and control that work together. First, it seeks to limit the possession, use, trade in, distribution, import, export, manufacture and production of drugs exclusively to medical and scientific purposes. Second, it combats drug trafficking through international cooperation to deter and discourage drug traffickers.

Convention on Psychotropic Substances 1971: The Convention establishes an international control system for psychotropic substances. It responded to the diversification and expansion of the spectrum of drugs of abuse and introduced controls over a number of synthetic drugs according to their abuse potential on the one hand and their therapeutic value on the other.

Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, 1988: This Convention provides comprehensive measures against drug trafficking, including provisions against money laundering and the diversion of precursor chemicals. It provides for international cooperation through, for example, extradition of drug traffickers, controlled deliveries and transfer of proceedings.
OJ Number
L326
OJ Date
24/11/1990
OJ Page
57
Parties to the Agreement
European Economic Community
Kyrgyzstan
Dominican Republic
Zambia
Sierra Leone
Peru
Oman
Croatia
Albania
Belgium
Honduras
Chile
Bahrain
Benin
Antigua and Barbuda
New Zealand
Comoros
United Arab Emirates
Tonga
Grenada
Colombia
Venezuela
Burundi
Chad
Finland
Dominica
Lithuania
Sri Lanka
Democratic Republic of Congo
Cyprus
Trinidad and Tobago
Tajikistan
Cameroon
Morocco
Indonesia
United States of America
Tunisia
Norway
Djibouti
Burkina Faso
Russia
Costa Rica
Barbados
Qatar
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Lebanon
Latvia
Switzerland
Sudan
Monaco
Estonia
Federated States of Micronesia
Nicaragua
Jordan
Guinea-Bissau
Zimbabwe
Slovakia
Pakistan
Niger
Ghana
Bhutan
Cambodia
São Tomé and Príncipe
Spain
Malaysia
Turkey
Nepal
Libya
Saint Lucia
Armenia
Cuba
France
San Marino
Malta
Syria
Malawi
Fiji
Singapore
South Africa
Congo
Maldives
Ethiopia
China
Sweden
Argentina
Iceland
Egypt
Philippines
Israel
Kenya
Canada
Haiti
El Salvador
Algeria
Togo
Afghanistan
Slovenia
India
Greece
Uruguay
United Kingdom
Brazil
Cape Verde
Uzbekistan
Rwanda
Belarus
Portugal
Mauritania
Kazakhstan
Mexico
Guyana
Ireland
Hungary
Swaziland
Luxembourg
Georgia
Gambia
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Mali
Surinam
Thailand
Netherlands
Laos
Austria
Yemen
Bahamas
Moldova
Brunei
Tanzania
Iran
Republic of Korea
Jamaica
Czech Republic
Serbia and Montenegro
Guinea
Seychelles
Mauritius
Germany
Nigeria
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Saudi Arabia
Cook Islands
Kuwait
Botswana
Romania
Bolivia
Gabon
Panama
Azerbaijan
Madagascar
Samoa
Liberia
Italy
Saint Christopher and Nevis
Ecuador
Denmark
Uganda
Andorra
Mozambique
Vietnam
Vanuatu
Eritrea
Ukraine
Bangladesh
Paraguay
Mongolia
Japan
Poland
Australia
Belize
Bulgaria
Lesotho
Iraq
Guatemala
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