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Type of Agreement
Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, of the other part
Place of Signature
Date of Signature
Date of Entry Into Force
Objective of Agreement
- Supporting efforts to strengthen democracy and the rule of law in Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Contributing to political, economic and institutional stability in BiH and the wider region
- Providing a framework for political dialogue, allowing for the development of close political relations between the EU and BiH
- Supporting the development of economic cooperation and international cooperation in BiH, including through the approximation of its legislation to that of the Community
- Supporting efforts to complete the transition to a market economy
- Promoting harmonious economic relations and developing gradually a free trade area between BiH and the Community
- Fostering regional cooperation in all fields covered by the agreement
- The agreement expressly refers to the possibility of BiH to become a candidate country for membership of the EU.
- The agreement is to open political dialogue with BiH and for enhanced regional cooperation, including provisions on free trade areas between the countries of the region, the free trade area for within 5 years of entry into force of the agreement.
- BiH is committed to approximate its legislation to that of the EC, notably in the key areas of the internal market
- The agreement is an important step in the establishment of a stable order based on cooperation within the framework of the EU’s stabilization and association process with the countries of south-eastern Europe, as well as within that of the stability pact for south-eastern Europe.
- An interim agreement is in place for implementing as quickly as possible the SAA.
- The full association shall be progressively realised. No later than the third year after the entry into force of this Agreement, the Stabilisation and Association Council shall make a thorough review of the application of this Agreement. On the basis of this review the Stabilisation and Association Council shall evaluate progress made by Bosnia and Herzegovina and may take decisions governing the following stages of association.
Parties to the Agreement
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entry into force conditions
Fight against drugs
Human rights - Suspension
Settlement of disputes
WDM weapons of mass destruction
WDM weapons of mass destruction
This Agreement is drawn up in duplicate in Bulgarian, Spanish, Czech, Danish, German, Estonian, Greek, English, French, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Maltese, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Finnish and Swedish languages and in Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian languages, each of these texts being equally authentic.
Combating terrorism In compliance with the international conventions to which they are Party and their respective laws and regulations, the Parties agree to cooperate in order to prevent and suppress acts of terrorism and their financing: a) in the framework of full implementation of Security Council Resolution 1373 (2001) and other relevant United Nations resolutions, international conventions and instruments; b) by exchanging information on terrorist groups and their support networks in accordance with international and national law; c) by exchanging experiences with regard to means and methods of combating terrorism and in technical areas and training, and by exchanging experience in respect of the prevention of terrorism.
The Parties reaffirm the importance that they attach to the fight against terrorism and the implementation of international obligations in this area.
This Agreement is concluded for an unlimited period. Either Party may denounce this Agreement by notifying the other Party. This Agreement shall terminate six months after the date of such notification.
The Parties shall ratify or approve this Agreement in accordance with their own procedures. The instruments of ratification or approval shall be deposited with the General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union. This Agreement shall enter into force on the first day of the second month following the date of the deposit of the last instrument of ratification or approval.
Cooperation on illicit drugs 1. Within their respective powers and competencies, the Parties shall cooperate to ensure a balanced and integrated approach towards drug issues. Drug policies and actions shall be aimed at reinforcing structures for combating illicit drugs, reducing the supply of, trafficking in and the demand for illicit drugs coping with the health and social consequences of drug abuse as well as at a more effective control of precursors. 2. The Parties shall agree on the necessary methods of cooperation to attain these objectives. Actions shall be based on commonly agreed principles along the lines of the EU Drug Control Strategy.
Respect for democratic principles and human rights as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and as defined in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, in the Helsinki Final Act and the Charter of Paris for a New Europe, respect for principles of international law, including full cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), and the rule of law as well as the principles of market economy as reflected in the Document of the CSCE Bonn Conference on Economic Cooperation, shall form the basis of the domestic and external policies of the Parties and constitute essential elements of this Agreement.
This Agreement is concluded for an unlimited period. Either Party may denounce this Agreement by notifying the other Party. This Agreement shall terminate six months after the date of such notification. Either Party may suspend this Agreement, with immediate effect, in the event of non compliance by the other party with one of the essential elements of this Agreement.
1. The Parties shall take any general or specific measures required to fulfil their obligations under this Agreement. They shall ensure that the objectives set out in this Agreement are attained. 2. The Parties agree to consult promptly through appropriate channels at the request of either Party to discuss any matter concerning the interpretation or implementation of this Agreement and other relevant aspects of the relations between the Parties. 3. Each Party shall refer to the Stabilisation and Association Council any dispute relating to the application or interpretation of this Agreement. In that case, Article 126 and, as the case may be, Protocol 6, shall apply. The Stabilisation and Association Council may settle the dispute by means of a binding decision. 4. If either Party considers that the other Party has failed to fulfil an obligation under this Agreement, it may take appropriate measures. Before so doing, except in cases of special urgency, it shall supply the Stabilisation and Association Council with all relevant information required for a thorough examination of the situation with a view to seeking a solution acceptable to the Parties. In the selection of measures, priority must be given to those which least disturb the functioning of this Agreement. These measures shall be notified immediately to the Stabilisation and Association Council and shall be the subject of consultations within the Stabilisation and Association Council, if the other Party so requests. 5. The provisions of paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 shall in no way affect and are without prejudice to Articles 15, 23, 24, 25 and 29 and Protocol 2 (Definition of the concept of originating products and methods of administrative cooperation).
1. Where compliance with the provisions of this Title leads to: (a) a critical shortage, or threat thereof, of foodstuffs or other products essential to the exporting Party; or (b) re-export to a third country of a product against which the exporting Party maintains quantitative export restrictions, export duties or measures or charges having equivalent effect, and where the situations referred to above give rise, or are likely to give rise to major difficulties for the exporting Party that Party may take appropriate measures under the conditions and in accordance with the procedures laid down in this Article. 2. In the selection of measures, priority must be given to those which least disturb the functioning of the arrangements in this Agreement. Such measures shall not be applied in a manner which would constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination where the same conditions prevail, or a disguised restriction on trade and shall be eliminated when the conditions no longer justify their maintenance. 3. Before taking the measures provided for in paragraph 1 or, as soon as possible in cases to which paragraph 4 applies the Community or Bosnia and Herzegovina, as the case may be, shall supply the Stabilisation and Association Council with all relevant information, with a view to seeking a solution acceptable to the Parties. The Parties within the Stabilisation and Association Council may agree on any means needed to put an end to the difficulties. If no agreement is reached within 30 days of the matter being referred to the Stabilisation and Association Council, the exporting Party may apply measures under this Article on the exportation of the product concerned. 4. Where exceptional and critical circumstances requiring immediate action make prior information or examination, as the case may be, impossible, the Community or Bosnia and Herzegovina, whichever is concerned, may apply forthwith the precautionary measures necessary to deal with the situation and shall inform the other Party immediately thereof. 5. Any measures applied pursuant to this Article shall be immediately notified to the Stabilisation and Association Council and shall be the subject of periodic consultations within that body, particularly with a view to establishing a timetable for their elimination as soon as circumstances permit.
This Agreement shall apply, on the one hand, to the territories in which the Treaties establishing the European Community and the European Atomic Energy Community are applied and under the conditions laid down in those Treaties, and to the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina on the other.
The fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (hereinafter referred to as "WMD") and their means of delivery constitutes an essential element of this Agreement.
3. The Parties consider that the proliferation of WMD and their means of delivery, both to state and non-state actors, represents one of the most serious threats to international stability and security. The Parties therefore agree to cooperate and to contribute to countering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery through full compliance with and national implementation of their existing obligations under international disarmament and non-proliferation treaties and agreements and other relevant international obligations. The Parties agree that this provision constitutes an essential element of this Agreement and will be part of the political dialogue that will accompany and consolidate these elements. The Parties furthermore agree to cooperate and to contribute to countering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery by: (a) taking steps to sign, ratify, or accede to, as appropriate, and fully implement all other relevant international instruments; (b) establishing an effective system of national export controls, controlling the export as well as the transit of WMD-related goods, including a WMD end-use control on dual use technologies and containing effective sanctions for breaches of export controls. Political dialogue on this matter may take place on a regional basis.
Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee (Art. 121)
Stabilisation and Association Committee (Art. 118)
Stabilisation and Association Council (Art. 115)
Relation and Association with Other Agreements
7061-Interim Agreement on trade and trade-related matters between the European Community, of the one part, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, of the other part