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View Treaty - General Data

GENERAL DATA
Type of Agreement
Multilateral
Official Title
Rules of Origin Agreement
Place of Signature
Marrakesh
Date of Signature
15/04/1994
Date of Entry Into Force
01/01/1995
Duration
Indefinite
Objective of Agreement
In the long term, the Agreement aims to harmonise the rules of origin – other than the rules of origin applying to tariff preferences – to ensure they do not create unnecessary obstacles to trade.
Remarks
“Rules of origin” are the criteria used to define where a product was made. They are an essential part of trade rules because a number of policies discriminate between exporting countries: quotas, preferential tariffs, antidumping actions, countervailing duty (charged to counter export subsidies) and more. Rules of origin are also used to compile trade statistics, and for “made in ...” labels that are attached to products. Complicating factors are globalisation and the fact that a product can be processed in several countries before it is ready for the market. The Rules of Origin Agreement, which is part of Annex 1A to the Agreement Establishing the WTO, requires WTO members to ensure that their rules of origin are transparent; that they do not have restricting, distorting or disruptive effects on international trade; that they are administered in a consistent, uniform, impartial and reasonable manner; and that they are based on a positive standard (in other words, they should state what does confer origin rather than what does not). For the longer term, the Agreement aims for common (“harmonised”) rules of origin among all WTO members, except in some kinds of preferential trade - for example, countries setting up a free trade area are allowed to use different rules of origin for products traded under their free trade agreement. The Agreement establishes a harmonisation work programme, based upon a set of principles, including making rules of origin objective, understandable and predictable. The work was due to end in July 1998, but several deadlines have been missed. It is being conducted by a Committee on Rules of Origin in the WTO and a Technical Committee under the auspices of the World Customs Organisation in Brussels. The outcome will be a single set of rules of origin to be applied under non-preferential trading conditions by all WTO members in all circumstances. An annex to the Agreement sets out a “common declaration” dealing with the operation of rules of origin on goods that qualify for preferential treatment.
OJ Number
L336
OJ Date
23/12/1994
OJ Page
144
Parties to the Agreement
European Community
Members of the WTO
France
Denmark
Germany
Finland
Slovakia
Sweden
Austria
Portugal
Malta
Lithuania
Cyprus
Latvia
Belgium
Czech Republic
Spain
Netherlands
Slovenia
Ireland
Poland
United Kingdom
Greece
Hungary
Luxembourg
Italy
Estonia
Authentic Texts
Spanish
French
English
Subject Matters
2021.11.1136-GATT
2021.11.1136.2771-originating product
2021.11.5765-World Trade Organisation
2011.2519.2050.5750-Uruguay Round
1011.525.5606.5511-comitology
756-Trade
756.0001-WTO Agreements
Management
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