Important legal notice
 
Home | Sitemap | F.A.Q. | Glossary | Help | Contact | Search on EUROPA  

View Treaty - General Data

GENERAL DATA
Type of Agreement
Bilateral
Official Title
Agreement concluded by the Council of the European Union, the Republic of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway on the association of these two states to the implementation, to application and to the development of the acquis de Schengen - final Act
Place of Signature
Brussels
Date of Signature
18/05/1999
Date of Entry Into Force
26/06/2000
Duration
Indefinite
Objective of Agreement
To establish the framework and involve in an appropriate fashion all parties which apply the provisions constituting the Schengen acquis, including the Republic of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway.
Remarks
Together with Sweden, Finland and Denmark, Iceland and Norway belong to the Nordic passport union, which abolished internal border checks. Sweden, Finland and Denmark became members of the Schengen group when they joined the EU. Iceland and Norway have been associated with the development of the agreements since 19 December 1996. Although they did not have voting rights on the Schengen Executive Committee, they were able to express opinions and formulate proposals.

The present agreement was signed between Iceland, Norway and the EU in order to extend that association. These countries continue to participate in the drafting of new legal instruments building on the Schengen acquis. These acts are adopted by the EU Member States alone, but they apply to Iceland and Norway as well.

In practice, this association takes the form of a Joint Committee as an organisational structure outside the institutional framework of the European Union made up of representatives from the Icelandic and Norwegian Governments and members of the EU Council and the Commission. Procedures for notifying and accepting future measures or acts have been laid down.

An agreement approved by the Council on 28 June 1999 covers relations between Iceland and Norway, on the one hand, and Ireland and the United Kingdom, on the other, in areas of the Schengen acquis applying to Iceland and Norway [OJ L 15 of 20/01/2000]. The European Community also entered into an agreement with Norway and Iceland concerning the criteria and mechanisms for establishing the State responsible for examining a request for asylum (Dublin acquis), which is intricately bound up with the Schengen acquis [OJ L 93 of 03/04/2001].

On 1 December 2000 the Council decided that, as from 25 March 2001, the Schengen acquis arrangements would apply to the five countries of the Nordic passport union [OJ L 309 of 09/12/2000]. In addition, the SIS arrangements were put into effect as from 1 January 2000. In order to check whether the SIS functioned and was properly applied, the decision provided for evaluation visits to be carried out in all the Nordic States. Reports on the visits submitted to the Council in March 2001 show that the SIS was being properly applied and that controls at external borders (in ports and airports) met the conditions laid down.
OJ Number
L176
OJ Date
10/07/1999
OJ Page
36
Parties to the Agreement
European Union
European Community
Norway
Authentic Texts
Danish
Norwegian
Spanish
Irish
Dutch
Icelandic
French
Greek
Italian
German
Finnish
English
Portuguese
Swedish
Subject Matters
1016.4040.1474.4048-EC association agreement
1231.567.1633.5405-Schengen Agreement
746-Customs
7231.187.1509-Iceland
7231.187.2084-Norway
1011.525.2247-national implementation of Community law
Management
Joint Committee