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Summary of Treaty


GENERAL DATA
Official Title Voluntary Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Central African Republic on forest law enforcement, governance and trade in timber and derived products to the European Union (FLEGT)
Type of Agreement Bilateral
Place of Signature Brussels
Date of Signature 28/11/2011
Date of Entry Into Force 01/07/2012
Duration Definite
Objective of Agreement The objective of this Agreement is to provide a legal framework aimed at ensuring that all imports into the European Union from the CAR of the timber and derived products covered by this Agreement have been legally produced or acquired and, this being so, to promote the trade in said timber and derived products. This Agreement also provides a basis for dialogue and cooperation between the Parties aimed at facilitating and promoting its integral implementation and at strengthening the enforcement of forest regulations and governance.
Remarks The European Union’s response to tackle illegal logging is set out in the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan in 2003. The cornerstone of this policy is the FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA). The VPA is a bilateral agreement between the EU and wood exporting countries, which aims to improve forest governance and ensure that the wood imported into the EU has complied with the legal requirements of the partner country. Although there is no obligation for any country to enter into a VPA with the EU, once agreed they are legally binding on both parties, committing them to trading only in wood products that can be verified as legal. Under these agreements exporting countries develop systems to verify the legality of their timber exports to the EU. The EU supports partner countries to establish or improve systems which verify legal compliance. The Agreement with the Central African Republic (CAR) establishes the framework, institutions and systems for the FLEGT licensing scheme. It outlines the supply chain controls, legal compliance framework and independent audit requirements for the system. These are set out in annexes to the Agreement which provide a detailed description of the structures that will underpin the assurance of legality offered by the issuance of a FLEGT licence. The Agreement goes beyond the limited product coverage proposed in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 2173/2005 (‘the FLEGT Regulation’) to cover trade in all timber products and, in doing so, commits CAR to building a system that will provide assurance to the European Union that all forest products from the CAR are legally harvested and produced and contributing positively and sustainably to the CAR’s growth. The Agreement provides for controls on imports at the European Union’s borders, as established by the FLEGT Regulation and the associated Implementing Regulation (EC) No 1024/2008. The Agreement includes a description of the CAR FLEGT licence which adopts the format laid down in the Implementing Regulation. The VPA establishes the mechanism for dialogue and cooperation on FLEGT with the European Union, in the form of the Joint Implementation Council and a consultative body known as the Joint Monitoring Committee. It also establishes the principles of stakeholder participation, social safeguards and transparency for monitoring impacts and reporting. The Agreement sets out a time frame and the procedures for entry into force of the Agreement and for implementing the licensing scheme. The FLEGT licence scheme is expected to be fully operational by a date as agreed by the Parties (see Article 12 of the Agreement). The licence scheme will be assessed against defined criteria before the EU begins accepting FLEGT licences. The steps and process for this are defined in the Agreement and its annexes. In case of divergence of interpretation, the French version shall prevail.
Relation and Association with Other Agreements -Voluntary Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Ghana on forest law enforcement, governance and trade in timber products into the Community (FLEGT)
-Voluntary Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Liberia on forest law enforcement, governance and trade in timber products to the European Union (FLEGT)
-Voluntary Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Cameroon on forest law enforcement, governance and trade in timber and derived products to the European Union (FLEGT)
-Voluntary Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of the Congo on forest law enforcement, governance and trade in timber and derived products to the European Union (FLEGT)
OJ Reference L 191, 19/07/2012, p. 103
Contracting Parties European Union, Central African Republic
Authentic Texts Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian , Slovakian, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish
Subject Matters Central Africa
Trade
Clause(s)
Amendment and review Article 26 Agreement
Authentic Texts Article 31 Agreement
Confidentiality Article 22 Agreement
Duration (Conditions) Article 28 Agreement
Entry into force conditions Article 30 Agreement
Settlement of disputes Article 24 Agreement
Suspension Article 25 Agreement
Suspension / Termination Article 29 Agreement
Territorial application Article 23 Agreement
Management Joint Implementation Committee (Article 19)
Other Links http://europa.eu.int/celex/eurovoc
EU PARTICIPATION
Ratification Status R
Conclusion Decision Council Decision of 14 May 2012 on the conclusion of a Voluntary Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Central African Republic on forest law enforcement, governance and trade in timber and derived products to the European Union (FLEGT) ; OJ L191 of 19/07/2012, p.102
Competence Exclusive
Voting Right(s)
Other: consensus, no provision Article 19(2) Agreement
Legal Basis Treaty FEU: Article 207(3)
Treaty FEU: Article 218(6)(a)(v)
Treaty FEU: Article 207(4)
Treaty FEU: Article 218(7)


Last Update :   14/02/2013