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Summary of Treaty

Official Title Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
Type of Agreement Multilateral
Place of Signature Kyoto
Date of Signature 11/12/1997
Date of Entry Into Force 16/02/2005
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement To reduce or limit the emission of gases contributing to the "greenhouse effect" and causing climate change in the industrialised countries. To cooperate to enhance individual and combined effectiveness in scientific research and technology, the dissemination of technology and the application of ecologically sound practices and procedures. To encourage the development of systems to reduce uncertainties related to the climate system, the adverse effects of climate change and its economic and social impact.
Remarks The Protocol was adopted at the third session of the Conference of the Parties to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ("the Convention"), held at Kyoto (Japan) from 1 to 11 December 1997. The Protocol shall be open for signature by States and regional economic integration organizations which are Parties to the Convention. The Kyoto Protocol has the same objectives, principles and institutions as the Convention, but significantly reinforces the Convention by committing the parties under Annex I to individual, legally binding objectives for the reduction or limiting of their greenhouse gas emissions. However, only those parties to the Convention who also become parties to the Protocol are bound by the Protocol commitments. The individual objectives of the parties under Annex I are listed in Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol. These objectives represent a total reduction of greenhouse gases by at least 5% in relation to the 1990 levels in the commitment period 2008-2012. Related: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, New York, 09/05/1992. Montreal Protocol of 1987 on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer, Montreal, 16/09/1987 (as amended).
OJ Reference L130, 15/05/2002, p. 4
Depositary United Nations Organisation
Contracting Parties European Community, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Tuvalu, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia
Authentic Texts Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Subject Matters Climate Change and Energy
UN convention
atmospheric pollution
climate change
environmental policy
environmental protection
greenhouse gas
Regional and International Organisation (REIO) Article 24 Protocol
Management Conference of the Parties
Subsidiary Body for Implementation
Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice
Date of Signature 31/05/2002
Conclusion Date 29/04/1998
Ratification Status R
Conclusion Decision Council Decision of 25 April 2002 concerning the approval, on behalf of the European Community, of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the joint fulfilment of commitments thereunder; OJ L130 of 15/05/2002, p.1
Date of Entry Into Force 16/02/2005
Reserves A declaration of EU competence exists for this treaty. To consult the text click on "to load all the summary data of the treaty".
Competence Mixed
Voting Right(s)
EC exercises voting rights of its MS contracting parties (if EC votes MS no and vice-versa) Article 22 Protocol
Legal Basis Treaty EC: Article 175

Last Update :   11/03/2008