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Summary of Treaty

Official Title United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
Type of Agreement Multilateral
Usual Title UNCCD
Place of Signature Paris
Date of Signature 17/06/1994
Date of Entry Into Force 26/12/1996
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement To combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in those countries experiencing serious drought, particularly in Africa, through international cooperation and partnership with a view to achieving sustainable development; to implement long-term integrated strategies that focus simultaneously on improved productivity of land, and the rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable management of land and water resources, leading to improved living conditions; to encourage the use of existing financial mechanisms.
Remarks The Convention was adopted on 17 June 1994 by the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for the elaboration of an international convention to combat desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa (established pursuant to resolution 47/1882 of the General Assembly dated 22 December 1992), during its Fifth session held at Paris. In the spirit of the convention, combating desertification includes activities that are part of the integrated development of land in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas and are aimed at: prevention and/or reduction of land degradation; rehabilitation of partly degraded land; and reclamation of desertified land. The Convention is being implemented through national, sub-regional and regional programmes designed to form an integral part of a country's national sustainable development policy. They are updated under an ongoing participative process in the light of work on the ground and the results of research. The Annexes deal with implementation on a regional level: Annex I - Africa, Annex II - Asia, Annex III – Latin America and the Caribbean, Annex IV – Northern Mediterranean.
Relation and Association with Other Agreements -United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
-Convention on biological diversity
OJ Reference L83, 19/03/1998, p. 3
Depositary United Nations
Contracting Parties European Community, Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Authentic Texts Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Subject Matters Africa
UN convention
action programme
cooperation policy
the EU's international role
Entry into force conditions Article 36 Convention
REIO Article 33 Convention
Settlement of disputes Article 28 Convention
Date of Signature 14/10/1994
Conclusion Date 26/03/1998
Ratification Status R
Conclusion Decision 98/216/EC: Council Decision of 9 March 1998 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Community, of the United Nations Convention to combat desertification in countries seriously affected by drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa; OJ L 83 of 19/03/1998, p.1
Date of Entry Into Force 24/06/1998
Reserves A declaration of EU competence exists for this treaty. To consult the text click on "to load all the summary data of the treaty".
Competence Mixed
Voting Right(s)
EC exercises voting rights of its MS contracting parties (if EC votes MS no and vice-versa) Article 32 Convention
Legal Basis Treaty EC: Article 130R
Treaty EC: Article 130Y

Last Update :   11/03/2008