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Summary of Treaty

Official Title International Plant Protection Convention - New revised text approved by Resolution 12/97 of the 29th Session of the FAO Conference in November 1997 - Declaration
Type of Agreement Multilateral
Place of Signature Rome
Date of Signature 07/11/1997
Date of Entry Into Force 02/10/2005
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement To secure common and effective action to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products and to promote measures for their control and to provide a framework and forum for international co-operation, harmonisation and technical exchange in collaboration with regional and national plant protection organizations.
Remarks The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is a multilateral Treaty deposited with the Director General of FAO. The Convention was adopted in 1951 and entered into force the following year. It was subsequently amended in 1979 and the amendments entered into force in 1991. One of the primary objectives of the Convention is to secure “common and effective action to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products and to provide appropriate measures for their control”. The role of the Convention in relation to trade has changed significantly in recent years. It resulted in another revision of the Convention in order to bring it into line with the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures in the Uruguay Round Final Act and to ensure consistency with the new system for drafting International Standards in the IPPC framework. The revised text was approved by Resolution 12/97 of the FAO Conference in November 1997. The EC has become contracting party to the Convention as amended by this 12/97 Resolution. The Convention is governed by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) which adopts International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs). The CPM has confirmed the IPP as the preferred forum for national IPPC reporting and the exchange of more general information among the phytosanitary community. The IPPC Secretariat coordinates the activities of the Convention and is provided by the FAO.
OJ Reference L267, 14/08/2004, p. 41
Depositary Food and Agriculture Organization
Contracting Parties European Community, Albania, Algeria, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia
Authentic Texts Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Spanish
Subject Matters Agriculture
Amendment and review Article 21 Convention
Entry into force conditions Article 22 Convention
Ratification Conditions Article 17 Convention
Settlement of disputes Article 13 Convention
Territorial application Article 15 Convention
Management Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM)
Other Links
Date of Signature 06/10/2005
Conclusion Date 19/07/2004
Ratification Status S
Conclusion Decision Council Decision of 19 July 2004 approving the accession of the European Community to the International Plant Protection Convention, as revised and approved by Resolution 12/97 of the 29th Session of the FAO Conference in November 1997; OJ L267 of 14/08/2004, p.39
Date of Entry Into Force 02/10/2005
Competence Mixed
Legal Basis Treaty EC: Article 37

Last Update :   16/01/2008