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Summary of Treaty

Official Title Convention on biological diversity
Type of Agreement Multilateral
Place of Signature Rio de Janeiro
Date of Signature 05/06/1992
Date of Entry Into Force 29/12/1993
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement To ensure the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources, including by access to genetic resources and transfer of technologies, and by appropriate funding. To anticipate, prevent and attack the causes of significant reduction or loss of biological diversity at source.
Remarks The Convention was adopted by the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Convention on Biological Diversity, during its Fifth session, held at Nairobi from 11 to 22 May 1992. The Convention was open for signature at Rio de Janeiro by all States and regional economic integration organizations. The Convention on Biological Diversity, as an international treaty, identifies common problems, sets goals, policies and general obligations, and organises technical and financial cooperation. However, the responsibility for achieving its goals rests largely with the countries themselves. Under the Convention, governments undertake to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity. They are required to develop national biodiversity strategies and action plans, and to integrate these into broader national plans for environment and development. This is particularly important for such sectors as forestry, agriculture, fisheries, energy, transportation and urban planning. The Convention’s ultimate authority is the Conference of the Parties (COP), consisting of all governments (and regional economic integration organisations) that have ratified the treaty. This governing body reviews progress under the Convention, identifies new priorities, and sets work plans for members. Annexes B and C contain the EC declarations. Related acts: Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Montreal, 29 January 2000. Entered into force on 11 September 2003.
OJ Reference L309, 13/12/1993, p. 3
Depositary United Nations
Contracting Parties European Economic Community, Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia and Montenegro, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia
Authentic Texts Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Subject Matters Biodiversity
Entry into force conditions Article 36 Convention
Ratification Conditions Article 34 Convention
Regional and International Organisation (REIO) Article 33 Convention
Management Conference of the Parties
Date of Signature 13/06/1992
Conclusion Date 21/12/1993
Ratification Status AP
Conclusion Decision Council Decision of 25 October 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity; OJ L 309 of 13/12/1993, p.1
Date of Entry Into Force 21/03/1994
Reserves A declaration of EU competence exists for this treaty. To consult the text click on "to load all the summary data of the treaty".
Competence Mixed
Voting Right(s)
EC exercises voting rights of its MS contracting parties (if EC votes MS no and vice-versa) Article 31 Convention
Legal Basis Treaty EEC: Article 130S

Last Update :   22/05/2008