Summary of Treaty
|Official Title||United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change|
|Type of Agreement||Multilateral|
|Usual Title||Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)|
|Place of Signature||New York|
|Date of Signature||09/05/1992|
|Date of Entry Into Force||21/03/1994|
|Objective of Agreement||
To achieve stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
To achieve such a level within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.
|Remarks||The Convention was agreed upon and adopted by the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate Change, during its Fifth session, second part, held at New York from 30 April to 9 May 1992.
In accordance with its article 20, the Convention was open for signature by States Members of the United Nations or of any of its specialized agencies or that are Parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice and by regional economic integration organizations, at Rio de Janeiro during the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, from 4 to 14 June 1992, and remained thereafter open at the United Nations Headquarters in New York until 19 June 1993.
Most countries joined this Framework Convention to begin to consider what can be done to reduce global warming and to cope with whatever temperature increases are inevitable. In 1997, a number of governments approved an addition to the treaty, called the Kyoto Protocol, which has more powerful (and legally binding) measures. Since 1988, an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has reviewed scientific research and provided governments with summaries and advice on climate problems.
Annexes B and C contain the EC declarations.
- Amendments to the list at Annex I to the Convention, adopted at the 3rd Conference of Parties and notified on 13/02/1998;
- Protocol: Kyoto Protocol, adopted at Kyoto, Japan, 11 December 1997. Entered into force on 16 February 2005.
|Relation and Association with Other Agreements||
-Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
|OJ Reference||L33, 07/02/1994, p. 13|
|Nature of Agreement||Multilateral Environmental Agreement (MEA)|
|Depositary||United Nations Organisation|
|Contracting Parties||European Community, Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia and Montenegro, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe|
|Authentic Texts||Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish|
Climate Change and Energy
|Date of Signature||13/06/1992|
|Conclusion Decision||94/69/EC: Council Decision of 15 December 1993 concerning the conclusion of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; OJ L33 of 07/02/1994, p.11|
|Date of Entry Into Force||21/03/1994|
|Reserves||A declaration of EU competence exists for this treaty. To consult the text click on "to load all the summary data of the treaty".|
Treaty EC: Article 130S
|Last Update : 25/08/2008|