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Summary of Treaty

Official Title Convention on the physical protection of nuclear material
Type of Agreement Multilateral
Place of Signature Vienna
Date of Signature 03/03/1980
Date of Entry Into Force 08/02/1987
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement To lay down effective measures at international level for the physical protection of nuclear material used for peaceful purposes during international transfer and in domestic use, storage and transport. To ensure the prevention, detection and punishment of offences relating to such materials and facilitate international cooperation in the peaceful application of nuclear energy.
Remarks The Convention was signed by EURATOM on 13/06/1980, ratified on 06/09/1991 and entered into force for EURATOM on 06/10/1991. The Convention is the only international legally binding undertaking in the area of physical protection of nuclear material. It establishes measures related to the prevention, detection and punishment of offenses relating to nuclear material. A Diplomatic Conference in July 2005 was convened to amend the Convention and strengthen its provisions. The amended Convention makes it legally binding for States Parties to protect nuclear facilities and material in peaceful domestic use, storage as well as transport. It also provides for expanded cooperation between and among States regarding rapid measures to locate and recover stolen or smuggled nuclear material, mitigate any radiological consequences of sabotage, and prevent and combat related offences. The amendments will take effect once they have been ratified by two-thirds of the States Parties of the Convention.
OJ Reference L149, 17/06/1980, p. 41
Depositary International Atomic Energy Agency
Contracting Parties European Atomic Energy Community, Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan
Subject Matters Energy
Nuclear Energy
Other Links
Date of Signature 13/06/1980
Conclusion Date 06/09/1991
Ratification Status CONF
Conclusion Decision Council Decision of 9 June 1980 approving the conclusion by the Commission of the International Convention on the physical protection of nuclear material (80/565/Euratom); OJ L149 of 17/06/1980, p.41
Date of Entry Into Force 06/10/1991
Competence Mixed
Legal Basis Treaty EAEC: Article 101

Last Update :   28/01/2008