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Summary of Treaty


GENERAL DATA
Official Title Air Transport Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, on the one hand, and the United States of America, on the other hand
Type of Agreement Bilateral
Place of Signature Washington
Date of Signature 30/04/2007
Date of Entry Into Force Pending
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement To establish an open aviation area between the EU and the United States of America (USA) as a single market for air transport between the EU and the USA in which investments could flow freely and in which European and American airlines would be able to provide air services without any restriction, including in the domestic markets of each party.
Remarks Before the entry into force of this agreement Air services between the EU and US presently operated on the basis of bilateral agreements between individual Member States and the US. These bilateral agreements contained provisions that the European Court of Justice ruled in November 2002 to be incompatible with Community law. It was therefore essential to establish a new Community-level framework for EU/US air services.

The agreement provides that the establishment of an open aviation area between the EU and the United States of America (USA) is to be implemented in a staged approach. To this end it provides for mechanisms to ensure progression to subsequent stages. This agreement represents a comprehensive first-stage agreement and contains a commitment by both sides to begin negotiations on a second stage within a defined timescale. It would meet the legal requirements of the Community and deliver substantial immediate economic benefits for transatlantic air travellers and shippers. Moreover, it creates simultaneously for all Community air carriers uniform conditions for market access and establishes new arrangements for regulatory cooperation between the European Community and the USA in the fields essential for the safe, secure and efficient operation of transatlantic air services. In particular there will be strengthened cooperation in matters concerning aviation security and aviation safety. There will also be new arrangements for cooperation of their respective competition regimes to international aviation affecting the transatlantic market.

Applied provisionally from 30 March 2008 (Article 25)
OJ Reference L134, 25/05/2007, p. 4
Nature of Agreement Transport agreement
Contracting Parties European Community, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States of America
Subject Matters North America
Transport
Clause(s)
Duration (Conditions) Article 23 Agreement
Entry into force conditions Article 26 Agreement
Provisional application Article 25 Agreement
Management Joint Committee (Article 18)
EU PARTICIPATION
Conclusion Decision 2007/339/EC: Decision of the Council and the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States of the European Union, meeting within the Council of 25 April 2007 on the signature and provisional application of the Air Transport Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, on the one hand, and the United States of America, on the other hand; OJ L134 of 25/05/2007, p.1
Competence Mixed
Legal Basis Treaty EC: Article 80



Last Update :   07/07/2010