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Summary of Treaty

Official Title Framework Agreement for Cooperation between the European Economic Community and the Federative Republic of Brazil - Exchange of Letters between the European Economic Community and the Federative Republic of Brazil on maritime transport
Type of Agreement Bilateral
Place of Signature Brasilia
Date of Signature 29/06/1992
Date of Entry Into Force 01/11/1995
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement To expand and diversify trade between the parties and to step up cooperation in trade, economic matters, science and technology and financial matters.
Remarks This very flexible and pragmatic Agreement replaces the 1982 Agreement (OJ L281/82, p.1). Non-preferential agreement (MFN clause). A "third generation" agreement, i.e. based on observance of democratic principles and human rights, it contains both a future developments clause and a review clause. It extends cooperation to new areas (social matters, health and intellectual property), provides for broader economic cooperation and has the aim of fostering trade to the maximum extent and of promoting industrial cooperation. The regional dimension, environmental protection and cooperation on mining, tourism and transport, notably sea transport, are other features. Specific importance is given to combating drug abuse. The EC-Brazil Framework Co-operation Agreement entrusted a Joint Committee, composed of representatives of the EC and of the Brazilian government, with the task of ensuring the proper functioning of the Agreement and of coordinating activities in relation to the aims of the Agreement. So far, nine EC-Brazil Joint Committee meetings have taken place. Policy dialogues have been established in the framework of these Committees, namely on: - bilateral co-operation; - trade and trade related issues; - environment; - science and technology, incl. on Galileo; - information society issues. At the last Joint Committee of April 2005, new potential areas for enhanced bilateral dialogue were identified: global social issues, social issues, air transport, maritime transport and nuclear cooperation. Development co-operation issues are dealt with at both the bilateral EU-Brazil and the biregional EU-Mercosur levels. EC-Brazil bilateral development cooperation strategy is programmed at € 64m for the period 2001-2006, and focuses on three priority areas: social, economic and environmental cooperation. In January 2004 the EC and Brazil also signed an Agreement for scientific and technological cooperation to develop and facilitate cooperative activities in areas of common interest. The EU’s political dialogue with Brazil mainly takes place through EU-Mercosur institutional mechanisms. In addition, Brazil and the EU engage in multilateral fora such as the UN, the EU-Latin America and Caribbean Summit process, and the Rio Group.
OJ Reference L262, 01/11/1995, p. 54
Depositary Brazil
Contracting Parties European Economic Community, Brazil
Authentic Texts Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish
Subject Matters External Relations
Latin America
Entry into force conditions Article 33 Agreement
Fight against drugs Article 22 Agreement
Human rights Article 1 Agreement
Most Favoured Nation (MFN) Article 4 Agreement
Territorial application Article 31 Agreement
Management Joint Committee (Article 29)
Conclusion Decision Council Decision of 30 October 1995 concerning the conclusion of the Framework Agreement for cooperation between the European Economic Community and the Federative Republic of Brazil; OJ L262 of 01/11/1995, p.53
Competence Exclusive
Legal Basis Treaty EC: Article 113
Treaty EC: Article 130y
General Comments Framework Agreement ; Comprehensive Agreement

Last Update :   11/02/2013