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Summary of Treaty


GENERAL DATA
Official Title Agreement for cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy between the European Atomic Energy Community and the United States of America - Agreed Minute - Declaration on non-proliferation policy
Type of Agreement Bilateral
Place of Signature Brussels
Date of Signature 07/11/1995
Date of Entry Into Force 29/03/1996
Duration Definite
Objective of Agreement To continue and intensify cooperation between the Parties in the areas covered by their respective fusion programs, on the basis of mutual benefit and overall reciprocity, in order to develop the scientific understanding and technological capability underlying a fusion energy system.
Remarks The basic agreement on peaceful nuclear cooperation between Europe and the United States was signed in 1958. It was subsequently amended several times and was applied in a satisfactory manner until 1978. In 1978, however, following the adoption of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act (NNPA), the United States, then under the Carter administration, sought to amend all the agreements on nuclear matters signed with third countries. Following difficult negotiations, and although a genuine agreement was not forthcoming, the Council finally accepted a compromise in early August 1995. Although this compromise adheres strictly to the spirit of the relevant US legislation, according to Mr Papoutsis, the Commissioner responsible at that time, it preserves Euratom's essential interests and should enable the two parties to cooperate within the international organizations with a view to establishing nuclear safety standards of the utmost stringency, strengthening cooperation and securing nonproliferation. The Commission's goal was to provide a guarantee of stability and long-term predictability. The agreement is to remain in force for at least thirty years, and may be revised and extended. The main provisions are as follows: 1. all non-sensitive nuclear activities, enrichment of up to 20%, irradiation of fissile materials, and post-irradiation examination involving chemical dissolution or separation of irradiated nuclear material shall be authorized freely and unconditionally; 2. retransfers to third countries shall be authorized in respect of those countries appearing on US and European lists; the Commission has undertaken to subject such lists and any amendments thereto to the approval of the Member States and to provide the latter with the third country lists drawn up by Washington, together with any amendments thereto; 3. sensitive fissile materials may be stored in any facility complying with the current physical protection standards; 4. reprocessing and alteration in form or content of sensitive fissile materials shall be carried out on a basis of generic consent in facilities forming part of the peaceful programme of each party. On 03/08/1995 the Council approved the conclusion by the Commission of an Agreement for peaceful nuclear co- operation between the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the Government of the United States of America. Adoption by unpublished document.
OJ Reference L120, 20/05/1996, p. 1
Depositary Council of the European Union
Contracting Parties European Atomic Energy Community, United States of America
Authentic Texts Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
Subject Matters EC cooperation agreement
Energy
Nuclear Energy
United States of America
nuclear energy
nuclear non-proliferation
peaceful use of energy
Management Coordinating Committee
EU PARTICIPATION
Conclusion Decision On 03/08/1995 the Council approved the conclusion by the Commission of an Agreement for peaceful nuclear co- operation between the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the Government of the United States of America. Adoption by unpublished document.
Competence EAEC Exclusive
Legal Basis Treaty EAEC


Last Update :   08/11/2007