Summary of Treaty
|Official Title||Political dialogue and Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Andean Community and its Member Countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela), of the other part|
|Type of Agreement||Multilateral|
|Place of Signature||Rome|
|Date of Signature||15/12/2003|
|Date of Entry Into Force||Pending|
|Objective of Agreement||
The agreement widens the scope of the previous 1993 agreement ("1993 Framework Cooperation Agreement").
The new agreement extends the scope of cooperation to the fight against terrorism and illegal immigration. In addition, it institutionalises the mechanisms of political dialogue that were created in 1996.
The agreement also deepens the process of regional integration, trade liberalisation and economic reform within the Andean Community and steps up efforts towards conflict prevention.
Further aims of the Agreement:
(a) strengthening of peace and security;
(b) promotion of political and social stability through the strengthening of democratic governance and respect for human rights;
(c) deepening of the process of regional integration among the countries within the Andean region with a view to contributing to their social, political and economic development, including productive capacity building and the strengthening of their export capacity;
(d) poverty reduction, generation of greater social and regional cohesion, promotion of more equitable access to social services and the rewards of economic growth, ensuring an appropriate balance between economic, social and environmental components in a sustainable development context.
|Remarks||The EU has maintained regular contact with Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela) since 1969, when the Andean Group was founded (the Group became the Andean Community in 1996). It concluded a first cooperation agreement with them in 1983, followed by a ‘third-generation’ agreement in 1993, which provided for economic and trade cooperation and development cooperation and included a most-favoured-nation clause.
The main objectives of the EU-Andean Community agreement are to strengthen EU-Andean Community relations by developing political dialogue and reinforcing cooperation (the agreement does not contain a trade component), and to create the conditions under which, building on the outcome of the Doha work programme, a feasible and mutually beneficial association agreement, including a free-trade agreement, could be negotiated between the parties.
It institutionalises and strengthens the political dialogue based until now on an informal arrangement known as the Rome declaration and broadens cooperation to include new areas such as human rights, conflict prevention, migration and the fight against drugs and terrorism. Special emphasis is placed on cooperation in support of the process of regional integration in the Andean Community.
The agreement builds upon and will replace the existing 1993 framework cooperation agreement between the two regions, as well as the Rome declaration, when it comes into effect after ratification by both parties.
EU UNILATERAL DECLARATIONS
DECLARATION OF THE COMMISSION AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ON THE CLAUSE CONCERNING THE RETURN AND READMISSION OF ILLEGAL MIGRANTS (ARTICLE 49)
Article 49 shall be without prejudice to the internal division of powers between the European Community and its Member States for the conclusion of readmission agreements.
DECLARATION OF THE COMMISSION AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION ON THE CLAUSE CONCERNING THE DEFINITION OF THE PARTIES (ARTICLE 53)
The provisions of this Agreement that fall within the scope of Part III, Title IV of the Treaty establishing the European Community bind the United Kingdom and Ireland as separate Contracting Parties, and not as part of the European Community, until the United Kingdom or Ireland (as the case may be) notifies the Andean Community Party that it has become bound as part of the European Community in accordance with the Protocol on the position of the United Kingdom and Ireland annexed to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community. The same applies to Denmark, in accordance with the Protocol annexed to those Treaties on the position of Denmark.
|OJ Reference||N/A, 01/12/1945, p. N/A|
|Nature of Agreement||Interregional Framework Cooperation Agreement|
|Depositary||Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union|
|Contracting Parties||European Community, Andean Community, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Colombia, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Peru, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, Venezuela|
|Authentic Texts||Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish|
Joint Consultative Committee
|Date of Signature||15/12/2003|
Treaty EC: Article 181
|General Comments||Framework Agreement ; Comprehensive Agreement ; PDCA|
|Last Update : 09/07/2012|