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Summary of Treaty

Official Title Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
Type of Agreement Multilateral
Date of Signature 22/05/2001
Date of Entry Into Force 17/05/2004
Duration Indefinite
Agreement Suspension End Date 17/07/2006
Objective of Agreement To protect human health and the environment from persistent organic pollutants by prohibiting, phasing out as soon as possible, or restricting the production, placing on the market and use of substances subject to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, or the 1998 Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants and by minimising, with a view to eliminating where feasible as soon as possible, releases of such substances, and by establishing provisions regarding waste consisting of, containing or contaminated by any of these substances.
Remarks The Stockholm Convention is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from persistent organic pollutants (POPs). POPs are chemical substances that possess certain toxic properties and, unlike other pollutants, resist degradation, remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of living organisms and are toxic to humans and wildlife, which makes them particularly harmful for human health and the environment. POPs circulate globally and can cause damage wherever they travel. POPs accumulate in living organisms, are transported by air, water and migratory species and accumulate in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. They are therefore a cross-border problem on which international action is indispensable.
OJ Reference L209, 31/07/2006, p. 2
Depositary United Nations
Contracting Parties European Community, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Cook Islands, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Ghana, Honduras, Iceland, India, Iran, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen
Authentic Texts Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Subject Matters Environment
atmospheric pollutant
environmental policy
organic pollution
Entry into force conditions Article 26 Convention
Regional and International Organisation (REIO) Article 24 Convention
Settlement of disputes Article 18 Convention
Management Secretariat
Conference of the Parties
Other Links
Date of Signature 22/05/2001
Conclusion Date 16/11/2004
Ratification Status AC
Conclusion Decision Council Decision of 14 October 2004 concerning the conclusion, on behalf of the European Community, of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants; OJ L 209 of 31/07/2006, p.1
Date of Entry Into Force 14/02/2005
Reserves A declaration of EU competence exists for this treaty. To consult the text click on "to load all the summary data of the treaty".
Competence Mixed
Voting Right(s)
EC exercises voting rights of its MS contracting parties (if EC votes MS no and vice-versa) Article 23 Agreement
Legal Basis Treaty EC: Article 175

Last Update :   27/02/2009