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Summary of Treaty

Official Title United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Type of Agreement Multilateral
Usual Title Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Place of Signature New York
Date of Signature 09/05/1992
Date of Entry Into Force 21/03/1994
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement To achieve stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. To achieve such a level within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.
Remarks The Convention was agreed upon and adopted by the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate Change, during its Fifth session, second part, held at New York from 30 April to 9 May 1992. In accordance with its article 20, the Convention was open for signature by States Members of the United Nations or of any of its specialized agencies or that are Parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice and by regional economic integration organizations, at Rio de Janeiro during the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, from 4 to 14 June 1992, and remained thereafter open at the United Nations Headquarters in New York until 19 June 1993. Most countries joined this Framework Convention to begin to consider what can be done to reduce global warming and to cope with whatever temperature increases are inevitable. In 1997, a number of governments approved an addition to the treaty, called the Kyoto Protocol, which has more powerful (and legally binding) measures. Since 1988, an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has reviewed scientific research and provided governments with summaries and advice on climate problems. Annexes B and C contain the EC declarations. Related acts: - Amendments to the list at Annex I to the Convention, adopted at the 3rd Conference of Parties and notified on 13/02/1998; - Protocol: Kyoto Protocol, adopted at Kyoto, Japan, 11 December 1997. Entered into force on 16 February 2005.
Relation and Association with Other Agreements -Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
OJ Reference L33, 07/02/1994, p. 13
Depositary United Nations Organisation
Contracting Parties European Community, Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia and Montenegro, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Authentic Texts Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Subject Matters Climate Change and Energy
UN convention
atmospheric pollution
climate change
greenhouse effect
greenhouse gas
stratospheric pollution
Entry into force conditions Article 23 Convention
Ratification Conditions Article 22 Convention
Regional and International Organisation (REIO) Article 20 Convention
Date of Signature 13/06/1992
Conclusion Date 21/12/1993
Ratification Status AP
Conclusion Decision 94/69/EC: Council Decision of 15 December 1993 concerning the conclusion of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; OJ L33 of 07/02/1994, p.11
Date of Entry Into Force 21/03/1994
Reserves A declaration of EU competence exists for this treaty. To consult the text click on "to load all the summary data of the treaty".
Competence Mixed
Voting Right(s)
EC exercises voting rights of its MS contracting parties (if EC votes MS no and vice-versa) Article 18 Convention
Legal Basis Treaty EC: Article 130S

Last Update :   25/08/2008