Possible ways to reinforce sanctioning regimes in the EU's financial services sector were outlined by the European Commission today to address the current divergence between member states which arguably often do not serve as an effective deterrent.
The Commission's proposal is based on a review of national sanctioning regimes for violations of national rules transposing some of the most important EU directives relating to financial services. It presents areas for improvement and suggests possible EU actions in order to achieve greater convergence and efficiency of these regimes.
Internal Market and Services Commissioner Michel Barnier said: "If a financial institution does not abide by EU rules in the area of financial services, traders and executives must realise that they won't get away with it and that the response will be tough, wherever in Europe the violation occurs. Now, too often, that is not the case."
Mr Barnier added: "Today's Communication sets out a way forward to ensure that sanctioning powers will be stronger and more convergent across Europe so we can better protect citizens' interests."
The exercise covered some of the most important Directives applicable in the financial sector including securities, banking and insurance legislation.
The Communication is based on a cross-sectoral stocktaking exercise of the coherence, equivalence and actual use of sanctioning powers in the member states carried out by the three Committees of Supervisors (Committee of European Banking Supervisors - CEBS, Committee of European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Supervisors - CEIOPS and Committee of European Securities Regulators - CESR).
Interested stakeholders should send their contributions to firstname.lastname@example.org by 19 February 2011.
On the basis of the comments received, the Commission will decide in 2011 on possible proposals on how to reinforce sanctioning regimes.
Key elements of the Communication
1. Sanctioning rules diverge greatly across member states
The financial crisis has shown that financial market rules are not always respected and applied as they should be across the Union. Ensuring proper application of EU rules is first and foremost the task of national authorities, who have the responsibility to prevent financial institutions from violating EU rules, and to sanction violations within their jurisdiction. But national authorities need to act in a coordinated and integrated way.
The Communication finds that sanctions provided for by member states diverge in key aspects such as the types of sanctions available and the level of fines. This matters as when the rules that need to be abided by are Europe-wide, it makes sense for the response to their violation to also be coherent at European level. There could be a risk of companies or individuals doing business where sanctions are weakest or least likely. The current system does not always seem to be optimal in terms of effectiveness, proportionality, and dissuasiveness.
2. Suggestions for convergence and reinforcement of sanctioning regimes
The divergences highlighted in the Communication may create distortions of competition in the Internal Market. But, decisively, those divergences may also create the risk of undermining consumer protection, market integrity, and confidence in the financial sector. Lack of enforcement of EU rules in one member state may have significant implications for the stability and functioning of the financial system in another member state.
The Commission therefore holds the view that in order to prevent the risk of improper functioning of financial markets, further convergence of sanctioning regimes is necessary. This could be achieved by setting common minimum standards for certain issues that are key for effective, proportionate, and deterrent sanctioning regimes. This could include the types of sanctions available, including considering the option of criminal as well as civil sanctions; the level of those sanctions; the availability of sanctions both against financial institutions and individuals responsible for violations; and the publication of sanctions.