Antibiotic resistance still remains a major European and global public health problem and is, for a large part, driven by misuse of antibiotics. In the past four years there has been a significant increasing trend of combined resistance to multiple antibiotics in both Klebsiella pneumoniae and E. coli in more than one-third of EU/EEA countries. Furthermore, recent data shows that consumption of carbapenems – a major last-line class of antibiotics – increased significantly in EU/EEA countries from 2007 to 2010. Along with Iceland and Latvia, the United Kingdom is among the three European countries that record the greatest increase in antibiotics consumption between 2009 and 2010. However, total consumption remains moderate compared to other European countries..
A separate set of statistics – the report Health at a Glance: Europe released jointly by the European Commission and the OECD – shows that Britain tops two other league tables: on increasing the number of GPs per capita and on obesity. The UK started from the second lowest level of GP per capita – 2.00 per 1 000 inhabitants in 2000 - to reach 2.7 in 2010 (and 2.8 in 2011). Although this is one of the most rapid growths, the figure is still below the EU average - 3.4 in 2010.