The use of food-based biofuels to meet the EU 10% renewable energy target will be limited to 5%. This is to stimulate the development of alternative biofuels from non-food feedstock, like waste or straw. For the first time, the estimated global land conversion impacts – Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) – will be considered when assessing the greenhouse gas performance of biofuels.
The proposals do not represent a radical change of policy, but aim to raise the climate benefits of biofuels used in the EU. The new rules will take effect after the European Parliament and the Council adopt the proposal in a co-decision procedure. Member States then have one year to put the provisions into national law.