Advanced is a study of post-licence driver and rider training co-financed by the European Commission. It describes and analyses voluntary, post-licence training and makes a series of recommendations on how to improve such training. It emphasises the importance of avoiding overconfidence amongst trainees and indicates how training can be more effective and balanced.
Action for advanced Driver assistance and Vehicle control systems Implementation,
Standardisation, Optimum use of the Road network and Safety.
Research and development have created a range of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) that may facilitate the tasks of drivers in the growing complexity of traffic conditions. ADAS are fitted to an ever larger number of road vehicles, while it is not clear how they impact on environmental and safety performance of the road transport system.
Alcolock implementation in the European Union; an in-depth qualitative field trial
Driver rehabilitation courses for the reintegration of traffic violators are a growing market in many EU-states. It was the objective of the “Andrea”-project (Analysis of Driver Rehabilitation Programmes) to analyse which elements of these courses are more or less effective.
Even though road fatalities per year have fallen by almost percent since 1990, they still numbered almost 40 000 in 2001. Despite early reductions, the number of road injuries has been rising again since 1993 and is now almost equal to the level in 1990 (Source: European environment agency). The decrease in the number of road transport fatalities and increase in the number of injuries at increasing number of road accidents can, amongst others, be explained by introduction of improved technologies for newer vehicles and higher vehicle safety standards
APSN - Advanced Passive Safety Network
The aim of APSN is to mobilise the European scientific & business expertise in Vehicle Passive Safety to accelerate improvements in road safety in order to reduce the annual road victims for the European Union. APSN joint technical and scientific objective is to enhance the level of road safety at affordable costs for the individual user as well as for the European society.
Advanced Research on Road Work Zone Safety Standards in Europe. A Transport RTD Project financially supported by the European Commission / DG II under the 4th Framework Programme.
Assessing The European Road SafetY Problem - an eXploitation study of the CARE DatabaseExploitation study of the CARE database in 2000 by independent road safety institutions in the Member States. Assessment of the current value of CARE to the research community and to identify future directions of development.
Campaigns and Awareness-raising Strategies in Traffic Safety
CAST is a Specific Targeted Research Project (STREP) set up with the support of the European Commission, to meet the Commission’s needs for enhancing traffic safety by means of effective road safety campaigns. CAST aims at developing an evaluation tool and a design tool for road safety mass media campaigns.
CHILD aims to increase the knowledge in areas specifically regarding children, and use the information in applications of child restraint systems design, testing and regulation.
The Commission plans to implement a directive to make the fitting of retro-reflective material to HGV compulsory.
The principal objective is to reduce the number of accidents due to the bad visibility of HGV during darkness. The objective of the study is to assess, by means of cost-benefit analysis, the probable consequences of making so-called contour or line markings mandatory.
The outcome of this study is that such action would be cost-beneficial (between 1.3 and 3.4 to 1)
DAN - Description and Analysis of post licensing measures for Novice drivers
In the course of the EU-project “DAN“ - Description and analysis of post licensing measures for novice drivers, measures for the reduction of the disproportionately high accident rate of novice drivers were analysed.
Daytime Running Lights
The Commission has been considering how best to implement day-time-running-lights (DRL) ever since the recommendation in the Second Road Safety Communication gave DRL's potential as a 5% reduction in road deaths.
However some road users’ associations fear that DRL on cars would:
- mask the conspicuity of motor cyclists, even if they had DRL themselves;
- daze and confuse pedestrians, particularly the aged.
A study was therefore commissioned in late 2002 so as to gain definitive evidence one way or the other on the costs and benefits of DRL's implementation. The study has been done by the Dutch SWOV and TNO and the Norwegian Institute for Traffic Studies, a renowned institution on cost-benefit analysis that provided the evidence for the Norwegian government's decision to require the use of DRL.
The Integrated Project DRUID (Driving under the Influence of Drugs, Alcohol and Medicines) deals with the scourge of drink-driving and is going to find answers to questions concerning the use of drugs or medicines that affect people’s ability to drive safely. DRUID will bring together the most experienced organisations and researchers throughout Europe, involving more than 20 European countries. The aim is to gain new insights to the real degree of impairment caused by psychoactive drugs and their actual impact on road safety. All in all this Integrated Project will fill the gaps of knowledge and provide a solid base to generate harmonised, EU-wide regulations for driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs and medicine.
Enhanced Coach and Bus Occupant Safety
The ECBOS project aims to make improvements in current regulations and propose new regulations and standards for the development of safer buses and coaches. The major community added value is the decrease of incidence and severity of occupant injuries and social suffering which occur as a result of bus and coach accidents.
eSafetyAware! seeks to accelerate the market introduction of such life-saving technologies by organising information campaigns and dedicated events aimed at creating awareness of eSafety benefits among policy-makers and end-users.
Project funded by the European Commission under the Transport RTD Programme
of the 4th Framework Programme. Contract No RO-98-RS.3047. Duration: 18 months starting from 1 January 1999. The aim of ESCAPE is to identify important areas of traffic and driver non-compliant behaviour and to assess the potential of enforcement tools, both traditional and innovative, to improve compliance and thus contribute to safety on European roads. ESCAPE will prepare the groundwork for implementing European wide demonstration projects in enforcement within the 5th framework program.
European Truck Accident Causation
Only limited statistics are available regarding accidents involving trucks and even less is known about the cause of these accidents. To fill in this lack of knowledge, the European Commission and the International Road Transport Union (IRU) launched a unique scientific study, the European Truck Accident Causation (ETAC) study.
The aim of the study is to identify the main causes of accidents involving trucks. This information can be used to give guidance to policy and decision makers for future action which can contribute to the improvement of road safety.
Campagne euro bob
Campaigns to make the public conscious of risks posed by certain drivers' and other car occupants' behaviour can largely contribute to improving road safety, especially if they are combined with actions to enforce traffic rules. For instance campaigns about the importance of always wearing a seat belt, both in the front and the back of the car, and campaigns about the risks of drinking and driving, are most effective if they are combined with enforcement actions focusing on the same behaviour.
European Road Safety Observatory (ERSO)
The European Road Safety Observatory (ERSO) is an essential website for all European road safety professionals. ERSO is the gateway into a central resource of European road safety data, knowledge and links.
This pilot website is one of the final results of SafetyNet, which is an integrated project funded by DG-TREN of the European Commission. The objective of the project is to build the framework of a European Road Safety Observatory, which will be the primary focus for road safety data and knowledge.
European Roads Assessment Programme
EuroRAP aims to provide independent, consistent safety ratings of roads. Already
thousands of road stretches across Europe have been assessed - and the methods
used are already being applied in Australia through AusRAP and piloted in the
USA through usRAP.
European tunnel assessment programme
Launched in January 2005, EuroTAP, the European Tunnel Assessment Programme has completed “Phase 1” of its inspections programme. 49 major tunnels located on highways important for transEuropean mobility in 14 European countries have been tested in line with criteria set down in the European Union’s Tunnel Directive adopted in April 2004. The inspections have a two-fold objective: to determine each tunnel’s safety potential – the presence of elements that serve to prevent or contain emergency situations; and to calculate each tunnel’s risk potential – the likelihood of incidents occurring that could lead to accidents and the possible extent of the damage that could be caused as result.
EVI - Electronic Vehicle Identification - can be defined as an electronic device that allows the unique, remote and reliable communication of a vehicle's identifying parameters. EVI can typically be comprised of an in-vehicle data storage element, suitable and secure interfaces and a vehicle-to-infrastructure data communication element. The 18-month EVI project began in February 2003 and is supported by DG TREN. Its main task is to carry out a feasibility study about electronic vehicle identification.
Improved frontal impact protection throught a world frontal impact dummy
The Improved Frontal Impact Protection through a World Frontal Impact Dummy (FID) is a project with as general objective to contribute to the reduction of the amount of injuries and death car occupants involved in frontal collisions. Within this project, a frontal impact dummy prototype (instrumented, 50th percentile male) with realistic movements and injury indicating measurements, durability, repeatability will be developed together with a set of requirements for frontal dummies, which correlate the dummy response with injuries sustained by the human body. The consortium exists of six experienced and multidisciplinary partners from five different European countries. An important benefit of this project is that it will contribute to the harmonisation of safety regulations world-wide and in particular between Europe and the United States.
Fully optimised road maintenance
FORMAT is a three year 4.5 million Euro research project that started in February 2002. Approximately 45% of the funding is from the European Commission and the balance is from the consortium of 20 organisations that is conducting the research from 14 European countries and from the United States. The FORMAT consortium comprises national highway research organisations, road owners, universities, contractors, consultants and trade associations.
"Assessment of changes in driver behaviour resulting from the introduction of in-vehicle safety devices, visual modifications to the road environment, educational, training and legal measures, and safety campaigns."
Slow or irrational reaction to unforeseeable situations was explained as an issue, an improvement of driver responses and a reduction of casualties should be the aim. The project should assist in dissemination of good practice and provide a basis for a regulatory framework. An inventory of all measures from low tech to high tech was proposed as an approach and each measure should be assessed in terms of its costs and benefits. Special attention should be given to the issue of risk compensation.
Inventory and compiling of a european "good practices" guide on road safety education targeted at young people (children & teenagers)
The guide presents local road safety and First Aid practices that have proven valuable for improving road safety for children by making the way from home to school and back safer, teaching children how to be safe on the roads and how to behave in case of a crash. It is meant to encourage other communities and 0rganisations to replicate these practices in their own context. The guide is structured in such a way that it allows sharing experiences within the European Union and outside.
The aim of HASTE (Human Machine Interface And the Safety of Traffic in Europe) is to develop methodologies and guidelines for the assessment of In-Vehicle Information Systems (IVIS). To date, there have been attempts to provide manufacturers and testing authorities with a set of guidelines to assess the likely impacts of IVIS on the driving task, usually in the form of a checklist. Such checklists provide a tool that enables the identification of likely problems but they do not attempt to quantify safety problems. This project is fundamental to the development of a valid, reliable and efficient tool that will aid testing authorities in their safety evaluation of IVIS.
The EU HERMES project focuses on creating an easy-to-use training package for driving teachers on the subject of ‘best communication skills especially coaching’ in classroom, in car and on the track. A multi-national team of experienced driving teachers, psychologists, educational and coaching experts have been assembled for this purpose.
The aim of the Network of Excellence HUMANIST is to federate the researches in the domain of user/system interactions and their applications on road telematics and driver assistance systems and to create a European Virtual Centre of Excellence on HUMAN centred design for Information Society Technologies applied to road transport.
The objective of the EC funded HUMOS2 (HUman MOdels for Safety) project is to develop Finite Element (FE) human models representing a large range of the European population and allowing an accurate injury risk prediction for victims involved in road accidents.
Identification of Hazard Location and Ranking of Measures to Improve Safety
The target of the project is the performance of a "project pilot" on two lane rural roads. The project will be able to define methodologies and procedures for the analysis of actual road safety conditions and to arrange maintenance or restoration projects in order to improve safety.
The Injury Database (IDB) is a database on non-fatal home, leisure and sports accidents. It is an internet database set up by DG SANCO under the Injury Prevention Programme in 1999, in order to provide central access to the data collected in the Member States under the EHLASS Programme (European Home and Leisure Accident Surveillance System). IDB is the only data source in the EU that contains sufficient detail for developing preventive action against the rising tide of home and leisure accidents in Europe. The purpose of the IDB is to facilitate injury prevention in the Member States and at EU level - through trans-national aggregation and harmonization of data, and through reporting and benchmarking.
Impaired Motorists, Methods of Roadside Testing and Assessment for Licensing
IMMORTAL specifies a research programme concerning the accident risk associated with different forms of driver impairment and the identification of 'tolerance levels' applied to licensing assessment and roadside impairment testing (including drug screening). Thus, IMMORTAL is focused on two societal needs that both contribute to quality of life, namely mobility and safety. IMMORTAL will provide added community value in terms of the generalisation of conclusions relevant to EU policy and standardisation of driver testing and assessment methods with respect to EEC directives.
Integration of Navigation and Anticollission for Rural Traffic Environment.
The aim of IN-ARTE is to develop an integrated autonomous on-board system to be able to build an extended view of the environmentin front of the vehicle, integrating signals from anticollision radar, road recognition CCD sensors and navigation map, in order to guide and warn the driver through an optimum HMI in a series of rural areas related traffic tasks, such as intersection handling, speed selection while negotiations, curves, obstacle detection, etc
The aim of In-Safety is to develop intelligent, intuitive and cost-efficient combinations of new technologies and traditional infrastructure best practice applications, in order to enhance the forgiving and self-explanatory nature of roads.
Motorcycle accident in depth study
MAIDS is the most comprehensive in-depth data currently available for Powered Two Wheelers (PTWs) accidents in Europe. The investigation was conducted during 3 years on 921 accidents from 5 countries using a common research methodology.
Registration is needed to visit most parts of the site
The project MERIT project is the first EU funded project to focus upon the skills and competencies of the intermediary for road safety issues in the case of learner drivers, namely the driving instructor.
Cost-benefit analysis of retro-fitting mirrors and supplementary indirect vision systems to selected categories of existing vehicles
New programme for the assessment of child seats
NPACS will provide independent published guidance to consumers on the relative protection afforded by child restraint systems which can be used in a wide range of road vehicles, through:
- reliable methods of dynamic testing
- assessment of their ease of use
- regular European evaluation of the performance of these products.
Pan-european co-ordinated accident and injury databases
The project will provide new levels of crash and injury data to support EU vehicle and road safety policy making by developing two new European data systems. The first will be collected in eight countries and will contain in-depth crash and injury data relating to over 1100 injured car occupants and pedestrians. The second information system, will utilise hospital injury data relating to all road user types that already exists in three EU countries.
These separate databases will be linked to a range of police, vehicle registration and driver licensing databases using new statistical procedures that will be developed during the project. Together with existing EU funded projects including CARE, SARAC, MAIDS and EACS, these datasets will provide a comprehensive picture of all of the key aspects of accident and injury causation in the EU.
The objective of the PEPPER project is to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of the police enforcement of road traffic. The project looks critically at all relevant aspects of enforcement, such as target behaviours, the detection of infringements, administrative and legal handling after infringement, decisions concerning the volume, location and timing of enforcement, effects of enforcement on road user behaviour and accidents, enforcement methods and tools, collection of enforcement data, and enforcement in the social context. Speeding, drink driving and use of seat belts are especially targeted. The need for improved enforcement data and better understanding of the impacts is recognised, and the potential of innovative technologies in the different links of the enforcement chain is studied. The work is organised in five work packages.
The Integrated Project PReVENT is a European automotive industry activity co-funded by the European Commission to contribute to road safety by developing and demonstrating preventive safety applications and technologies. Preventive safety applications help drivers to avoid or mitigate an accident through the use of in-vehicle systems which sense the nature and significance of the danger, while taking the driver’s state into account.
The objective of the project PREVENT “DEVELOP A TRAINING PROGRAMME TO IMPROVE WORK ZONE SAFETY” is to provide appropriate training to the main actors involved in work zone accidents: the workers and the drivers. To achieve this, PREVENT has developed dedicated and life-long vocational training schemes for highway repair and maintenance worker training personnel, and driving instructors. The ultimate goal of PREVENT is to increase safety around work zones and reduce the number or work zone related accidents.
Projects financed by the Commission
Promotion of mobility and safety of vulnerable road users
The PROMISING project aimed at developing measures that reduce the risk of injury to vulnerable and young road users as much as possible in a non-restrictive way. That is to say that safety and mobility must be improved together; the improvement of safety should not lead to reduced mobility. In the current situation in Europe, the mobility needs of vulnerable road users hardly receive any priority in traffic and transport planning. As a consequence, safety policies often have a curative approach, which restricts the mobility of these vulnerable road users. PROMISING focused on four groups of such vulnerable road users: pedestrians, cyclists, motorised two-wheelers (i.e. motorcyclists and mopedists) and young car drivers.
Project for research on speed adaptation policies on european roads
The global project objective is to answer the following questions:
How efficient are the use of road speed management methods based on information technology (ISA) in comparison with traditional physical means?
How will road users across Europe react to such developments?
What are suitable strategies for implementation and what obstacles have to be overcome? The main project output will be the assessment of cost benefit and cost effectiveness of ISA road speed management methods in relation to traditional methods, and a thorough analysis of possible and suitable implementation strategies for different road speed management methods.
The objective of RIPCORD-ISEREST is to develop best practice guidelines based upon the current research results for:
- Road Safety Impact Assessment tools and Accident Prediction Models
- Road Design and Road Environment
- Road Safety Audit
- Road Safety Inspection
- Black Spot Management and Safety Analysis of Road Network
Furthermore regarding safety interventions secondary roads – roads not compromised by the primary network such as freeways and highways - so far got much less attention than primary roads even though a large proportion of fatalities in rural areas occur on secondary roads. Still, design guidelines for these types of roads rarely exist within Europe. As a result a vast number of these roads are in a state which is inappropriate to modern road traffic. To fill this gap, RIPCORD-ISEREST will develop a Safety Handbook for Secondary Roads
Roadside infrastructure for safer european roads
The underlying belief of RISER is that single vehicle collisions - responsible for 14,000 deaths a year in Europe alone - will continue despite the best attempts of road safety research.
However, solutions exist that can reduce the number of these accidents as well as minimise the severity of collisions that do occur. The 36-month project will specifically address the scientific and practical issues involved in analysing the performance of roadside elements in order to develop guidelines for their optimal design and maintenance.
In September 2003 the European Commission tendered a project to investigate the situation of Road Safety Education (RSE) in all 25 Member States. It is evident that the differing development paths of school systems, and the differences in traffic, mentalities, cultures and administrations have all led to a fascinating variety of RSE initiatives. With this project the European Commission emphasises the need to collect and exchange good practice in order to launch a discussion on RSE Guidelines at the European level. This effort to strengthen European RSE networks, as well as to create synergies in RSE research and development, is an important investment for the benefit of the young generation.
ROSEBUD (Road Safety and Environmental Benefit-Cost and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis for Use in Decision-Making) is a thematic network funded by the European Commission to support users at all levels of government (European Union, national, regional, local) with road safety related efficiency assessment solutions for the widest possible range of measures. ROSEBUD will bring together e.g. users, researchers, decision makers, policy makers and other relevant stakeholders around efficiency assessment of road safety measures. It is designed to facilitate networking of organisations, co-ordination of activities and exchange and dissemination of knowledge.
Evaluation of roadside oral fluid drug tests for the detection of drivers under the influence of drugs
The objective of the ROSITA (RoadSIdeTesting Assessment) is to identify the requirements for roadside testing equipment, and to make an international comparative assessment of existing equipment or prototypes. The assessment will address roadside testing result validity, equipment reliability, usability (practicality) and usage costs.
Safety in tunnels, thematic network on development of european guidelines for upgrading tunnel safety
SafeT is a "Safety in Tunnels" Thematic Network on development of European guidelines for upgrading tunnel safety. The European Thematic Network is funded by the European Commission in the 5th Framework Programme.
The overall objective of the project is the formulation of safety arguments for selecting certain design elements or for recommending certain dimensions. Main output of SAFESTAR will be recommendations for design guidelines or possible standards on the basis of road safety considerations. SAFESTAR will concentrate on roads that can be part of the TERN network, i.e. primarily motorways, express roads and major interurban roads. In addition, some attention will be devoted to urban conditions.
SafetyNet - building a European Road Safety Observatory
The EU target of a 50% reduction in fatalities by 2010 will only be achieved by the introduction of the most effective countermeasures. It relies on the existence of basic knowledge of crashes and their causation and the availability of road safety data to monitor and assess performance. The EC has expressed the demand for a "Road Safety Observatory" in its 2001 White Paper and other public documents. This Proposal is for an Integrated Project that meets those demands. When complete the data resources developed within SafetyNet will revolutionise the EU approaches to road safety.
This proposal is for an ambitious and exciting project that will bring together all of the most experienced organisations within the EU to assemble a co-ordinated set of data resources that together will meet the EC needs for policy support. The Road Safety Observatory will enable the Commission to monitor progress towards targets, identify best practise, and ensure that new regulatory and other safety actions will result in the maximum casualty reduction. All data assembled or gathered within the project will be available over the web to the entire road safety community.
Social attitudes to road traffic risk in europe
The SARTRE project was conducted at the beginning of the 90s. Scientist researchers from the main national Road Safety research bodies in Europe, co-operated to explore attitudes and reported behaviour of car drivers in their respective countries, with help of FERSI and support from EEC. Representative surveys were carried out in each countries on the basis of an identical questionnaire with the same methodological criteria. The rough results have been presented and commented in a former publication.
SAVE (TR1047) is a Transport Telematics EU project that aims to develop an integrated system capable of detecting driver status problems which may indicate an imminent danger of an accident or other emergency. In such cases, the system will inform the driver, thesurrounding traffic and (if necessary) an Emergency Centre. If the driver is seriously impaired and incapable of safely controlling the vehicle, the SAVE system will automatically manoeuvre the vehicle to the roadside, where effective help can be provided.
Road safety in school transport
Every day millions of children need to displace from home to schools. This displacement can be made through different modes: private cars, school transport, public transport, walking and cycling. Whereas special EU wide statistics on accidents during the school travelling are not available, considering the distribution of accidents of children over a normal work day, it is clear that on their way to and from school, there is a potential risk for children to be involved in an accident.
Improve road safety in south, east & central europe
The overall aim is to contribute to a long-lasting improvement of transport safety in the “SEC-Belt”, i. e. the Southern, Eastern and Central European countries. Hence, this project seeks to translate a European safety vision into practical measures to improve the safety of transport users within the SEC-Belt Countries. The project will raise awareness for the introduction of measures within six priority areas: user behaviour, vehicle technology, road infrastructure, road technology, information and databases, evaluation of national road safety policies.
Harmonisation of in-vehicle speed alert system
The SpeedAlert initiative is mainly the result of the previous work carried in the SpeedAlert committee. The consensus reached among the different public authority and industry actors is that in-vehicle speed information and warning system can significantly contribute to road safety. To increase drivers awareness of speed limits and recommendations will reduce the number of vehicles with non-adapted speed and consequently reduce the number of speed related accidents.
The SUNflower+6 project aims to identify differences in the road safety performance of different European countries, by a comparative study of the development of road safety. In the SUNflower project this approach has been applied successfully for the SUN countries (Sweden, United Kingdom and the Netherlands), that have safety records that are among the best in the world. Using the SUNflower-methodology, the study is continued and extended with three Southern European countries or regions (Greece, Portugal and Catalonia) and three Central European countries (Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovenia).
The SUPREME project focuses on best practice measures in the field of road safety. The objective of the project is to identify best practice measures currently in place in Europe and to communicate these measures to policymakers.
Comparative study of road traffic rules and corresponding enforcement actions in the member states of the european union
The core objective of this study, developed during the year of 2003, was to compare the set of road traffic rules and corresponding enforcement among Member States of the EU, keeping in mind the fact that legal regimes and enforcement processes vary considerably from country to country. Considering the wide scoped coverage of national legislation, this study has concentrated on topics that are, either within the competencies of the EU (taking into account current legislation) or where the EU action might potentially add value, namely where the establishment of policies may be done more effectively at the EU level, rather than at national or sub national level.
European Traffic Police Network
The TISPOL Organisation has been established by the traffic police forces of Europe in order to improve road safety and law enforcement on the roads of Europe. The main priority is to reduce the number of people being killed and seriously injured on Europe's roads. Enforcement of traffic law and education, where appropriate, will make a significant contribution to reducing the carnage on our roads. This is evident in a number of TISPOL member countries.
Analysis of TRaffic Accident Causation in Europe and the benefits of safety systems
The identification and the assessment (in terms of saved lives and avoided accidents), among possible technology-based safety functions, of the most promising solutions that can assist the driver or any other road users in a normal road situation or in an emergency situation or, as a last resort, mitigate the violence of crashes and protect the vehicle occupants, the pedestrians, and the two-wheelers in case of a crash or a rollover.
The determination and the continuous updating of the etiology, i.e. causes, of road accidents as well as the causes of injuries) and the assessment of whether the existing technologies or the technologies under current development address the real needs of the road users inferred from the accident and driver behaviour analyses.
System for driver training and assessment using interactive evaluation tools and reliable methodologies
Driver assessment and training has not followed the rapid evolution of in-vehicle passive and active safety systems and telematic aids. Hence, drivers today are using or about to use equipment for which they have not been trained. The interactive multimedia s/w tool and simulators of TRAINER will enhance the risk awareness of novice drivers, while they will be acquainted with existing and emerging in-vehicle ADA systems (i.e. ABS, EDS but also Adaptive Cruise Control, Navigation aids, etc.) and they will be fully supported in all the driving task levels (Strategic, Tactical and Control) by adequate tools.
The TREE project (short for Transport Research Equipment in Europe) was financed by the European Commission as part of the Sustainable Growth programme and was carried out from 2002 to 2004. The main target was to create meaningful and cost-intensive research installations and equipment in Europe and to improve the exchange of information and developments about this topic through a network. By means of this project, Europe's competitiveness in the sustainable development of research equipment was to be improved. The TREE project was carried out in close co-operation with the INTRANSNET project (Network for research installations on various transport modalities).
Improvement of vehicle crash compatibility through the development of crash test procedures
The following tasks are to be accomplished in this project. Regarding car-to-car impact: First to draw up a suite of draft test procedures and associated performance criteria for car-to-car impacts. Secondly to build a framework for a crash compatibility rating system. Thirdly to improve the understanding for vehicle crash compatibility with general recommendations for the design of compatible cars. Regarding car-to-truck impact: First to set up test procedures and associated performance criteria to assess and control truck frontal structures for frontal impact compatibility with cars. Secondly identify suggestions for improving rear and side under-run safety. An overall goal is an indication of the benefits and costs of improved compatibility for both car-to-car and car-to-truck.
Vehicle Event Recording based on Intelligent Crash Assessment
-Summarizing and evaluation of studies and prevention experiences of accident data recorders in Europe and third countries, for example the United States and Australia.
-The identification of the functional characteristics of accident data recorders on board vehicles.
YOUTH ON THE ROAD
Youth on the road: a unique platform of coorperation and gateway of information for youth & road safety in Europe.