Over the past years, the Commission has launched a range of initiatives in the field of urban mobility, including research, applied research and demonstration activities .
The Commission will proceed with a number of concrete actions which will demonstrate the added value of actions at EU level. These will follow an integrated approach on sustainable urban mobility and will work in partnership with cities and national governments.
These actions should assist public authorities with the implementation of the new Directive for promoting clean and energy-efficient vehicles, provide funding support for pilot projects and investigate various aspects of sustainable urban mobility.
- On 15 March 2011, the European Commission unveiled the Eltis web portal, which features a brand-new look and is now available in eleven languages. The website - http://www.eltis.org/ - is aimed at European professionals working in the field of urban transport, environment, energy and health. The new web portal acts as an urban mobility observatory by facilitating the exchange of information and good practice in the field of urban mobility in Europe.
- The European Commission commissioned a study on urban access restrictions (green zones), which was finalised in December 2010. This can help cities to identify solutions that suit their needs and strengthen environmental protection while ensuring freedom of movement in a non-discriminatory way for all citizens in the European Union. An increasing number of cities in Europe have established 'green zones' to reduce pollutant and noise emissions.
- The Commission will initiate a comprehensive study investigating how the integration between different transport modes can be improved in urban areas. Better coordination, easier connections between modes and the use of single ticketing will make public transport more attractive and offer citizens more choices for their travels in urban areas.
- The Commission will open an internet site to help public authorities in their purchases of clean and energy efficient vehicles, e.g. cleaner buses for their public transport fleet.
- A future Civitas programme will be prepared. Since 2002, through its Civitas Initiative, the European Union has made available € 180 million to cities across Europe to implement and evaluate a wide range of innovative measures to promote sustainable urban transport. Over the coming months the Commission will develop a comprehensive strategy on how best to continue its widely acclaimed programme for urban mobility research.
- A Joint-Expert Group on Transport and Environment, which brought together experts on urban road-charging schemes nominated by the Member States, was established by the European Commission in 2009. The Joint-Expert Group delivered its final report [277 KB] in 2010.
- The European Commission commissioned a study on urban freight transport and logistics, which was finalised in April 2012. The study provides a comprehensive review of the existing and planned practice and measures relating to the urban section of the freight transport chain across the Member States; and makes EU policy recommendations aiming to promote successful solutions and improve the performance of urban freight transport.
- The European Commission commissioned a fact-finding study on the legal and contractual basis of passenger rights in urban public transport, which was finalised in November 2012. It provides a comprehensive overview of the legal basis for the application of passenger rights in EU Member States, and selected non-EU countries - covering all modes of urban public transport; and makes EU policy recommendations on the protection of passenger rights in urban public transport, and their legal assessment.