The European Commission will launch a study which aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the different tarification and ticketing schemes in use. The study will take a forward look at technology development in these fields, anticipating new functionalities, and evaluate these in comparison with dedicated "smart" ticketing systems adapted to local transport systems. Due consideration should be given to ease / convenience of operation, robustness and reliability, means of distribution and availability.
Possible actions at EU level should be identified and assessed in dept. This should increase the attractiveness of public transport by integrating the different transport modes into a single-ticket system.