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Clean transport, Urban transport


Cycling is an efficient way of using expensive and scarce space in urban areas, it is healthy, clean and energy efficient. Almost half of all car trips are over distances of shorter than 5 kilometres. This means that there is an important potential for cycling. The Green Paper on urban mobility therefore suggests that cycling should be an integral part of urban mobility policies.

As part of its responsibilities for developing policies and managing funding instruments, the European Commission addresses cycling in its road safety policy, provides funding for cycle infrastructure, promotes the exchange of best practices and supports development of local cycle policies. There are cities that stand out with high modal shares of cycling – where one in three or one in four trips is done by bike. There are other cities, which have invested in safe cycle infrastructure, leading to a clear reduction on accidents. Over 200 case studies on cycling from across Europe are available on the European Local Transport Information Service, ELTIS.

The Structural and Cohesion Funds can support the development of cycle infrastructure in eligible regions. Interreg is a programme for regional cooperation that can also offer opportunities to support cycle projects, for example in the framework of cross-border cooperation projects and inter-regional cooperation projects. The Commission also supports cycling through the CIVITAS Initiative and through the projects that are co-financed by the Intelligent Energy Europe programme STEER.

Through STEER, the transport strand of the Intelligent Energy Europe programme, the Commission co-funds projects that deal with policy audits and development of local cycle policies (for example the BYPAD and SPICYCLES projects), transfer of knowledge and technology (for example the ASTUTE, OBIS, STREAM and PRESTO projects) and campaigns for awareness raising and behavioural change (for example the CONNECT, TRENDY TRAVEL, MIDAS and ADDED VALUE projects). The Intelligent Energy Projects Database provides information on these and other projects.