Decarbonising transport is a core theme of the EU 2020 strategy. The long-term objective of the European Union on CO2 emissions is an overall reduction of 80-95% by 2050.
The White Paper on Transport of 28 March 2011 puts forward concrete initiatives for the next decade that will dramatically reduce Europe's dependence on imported oil and cut carbon emissions in transport by 60% by 2050. It takes a comprehensive approach by proposing in particular the development of a sustainable alternative fuels strategy, including the appropriate infrastructure.
Oil, the main energy source for transport overall, supplying nearly 100% of road transport fuels, is currently expected to reach depletion on the 2050 perspective. Substitution of oil, therefore, needs to start as soon as possible and increase rapidly to compensate for declining oil production, which is expected to reach a peak within this decade.
Climate protection and security of energy supply both lead to the requirement of building up an oil-free and largely CO2-free energy supply to transport on the time horizon of 2050.
A long-term strategy should be developed, aiming to fully meet the energy demand of the transport sector from alternative and sustainable sources by 2050. The objective of the Clean Transport Systems (CTS) initiative is to present a consistent long-term alternative fuel strategy and possible measures to take in the short and medium term.