Alternative fuels should gradually substitute fossil sources in the energy supply to transport and contribute to decarbonise transport. Other measures, such as transport efficiency improvements and transport volume management, play an important supporting role.
Compatibility of new fuels with current vehicle technology and energy infrastructure, together with the possible need for disruptive system changes, should be taken into account as important determining factors influencing the introduction of alternative fuels.
The Commission established in March 2012 a stakeholder Expert Group on Future Transport Fuels, with the objective of providing advice to the Commission on the development of political strategies and specific actions aiming towards the substitution of fossil oil as transport fuel in the long term, and decarbonising transport, while allowing for economic growth.
In addition to the Expert Group on Future Transport Fuels, the Commission has also called upon Member States experts from the Transport & Environment Joint Expert Group to provide contributions and recommendations on the development of a long-term alternative fuel strategy.