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Clean transport, Urban transport

Clean Power for Transport – Alternative fuels for sustainable mobility in Europe

Alternative fuels are urgently needed to break the over-dependence of European transport on oil. Transport in Europe is 94 % dependent on oil, 84 % of it being imported, with a bill up to EUR 1 billion per day, and increasing costs to the environment.

Research and technological development have led to successful demonstrations of alternative fuel solutions for all transport modes. Market take-up, however, requires additional policy action.

The Clean Power for Transport package aims to facilitate the development of a single market for alternative fuels for transport in Europe:

  • A Communication lays out a comprehensive European alternative fuels strategy (COM(2013) 17) , for the long-term substitution of oil as energy source in all modes of transport. It provides a framework to guide technological development and give confidence to consumers on the market development.
  • A proposal for a Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure (COM(2013) 18) , requires Member States to adopt national policy frameworks for the market development of alternative fuels and their infrastructure, sets binding targets for the build-up of alternative fuel infrastructure, including common technical specifications, and it defines the way of fuel labelling at refuelling points and on vehicles to ensure clarity in the consumer information on vehicle/fuel compatibility.
    Minimum infrastructure shall be provided, differentiated according to needs and technological maturity, for electricity, hydrogen, and natural gas (in gaseous form as Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), and in liquid form as Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).
  • An accompanying Impact Assessment (SWD(2013) 5/2) (part 1 pdf - 4 MB [4 MB] ; part 2 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] ) summarised in the Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment (SWD(2013) 6/2) evaluates cost and benefits of different policy options and finds best conditions for a comprehensive coverage of the main alternative fuel options.
  • A Staff Working Document on Actions towards a comprehensive EU framework on LNG for shipping (SWD(2013) 4) sets out the steps to undertake among the different parties to develop the market conditions and the necessary regulations, codes and standards for a broad market uptake of LNG as clean fuel in the shipping sector.

The Clean Power for Transport package builds on extensive preparatory work and consultations with industry and civil society, the wider public, and public authorities: