The Clean Power for Transport package aims to facilitate the development of a single market for alternative fuels for transport in Europe:
- A Communication lays out a comprehensive European alternative fuels strategy (COM(2013) 17) , for the long-term substitution of oil as energy source in all modes of transport. It provides a framework to guide technological development and give confidence to consumers on the market development.
- A proposal for a Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure (COM(2013) 18) , requires Member States to adopt national policy frameworks for the market development of alternative fuels and their infrastructure, sets binding targets for the build-up of alternative fuel infrastructure, including common technical specifications, and it defines the way of fuel labelling at refuelling points and on vehicles to ensure clarity in the consumer information on vehicle/fuel compatibility.
Minimum infrastructure shall be provided, differentiated according to needs and technological maturity, for electricity, hydrogen, and natural gas (in gaseous form as Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), and in liquid form as Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).
- An accompanying Impact Assessment (SWD(2013) 5/2) (part 1 [4 MB] ; part 2 [2 MB] ) summarised in the Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment (SWD(2013) 6/2) evaluates cost and benefits of different policy options and finds best conditions for a comprehensive coverage of the main alternative fuel options.
- A Staff Working Document on Actions towards a comprehensive EU framework on LNG for shipping (SWD(2013) 4) sets out the steps to undertake among the different parties to develop the market conditions and the necessary regulations, codes and standards for a broad market uptake of LNG as clean fuel in the shipping sector.
The Clean Power for Transport package builds on extensive preparatory work and consultations with industry and civil society, the wider public, and public authorities:
- The work of experts from industry and civil society in the European Expert Group on Future Transport Fuels has been summarised in a report on "Future Transport Fuels" [4 MB] and a report on "Infrastructure for Alternative Fuels" [3 MB] .
- National Experts from the Member States provided recommendations on the market development of alternative fuels in a report of the Joint Expert Group Transport & Environment [185 KB] .
- The CARS 21 High Level Group report assesses the prospects of alternative fuels and gives recommendations on the necessary build-up of infrastructure.
- Different scenarios of alternative fuel development have been investigated in the "Study on Clean Transport Systems". Different options of alternative fuels infrastructure build-up have been evaluated in the "CTS Implementation Study on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure" assessed different options to develop an EU-wide alternative fuels infrastructure.