Transport security in the EU
Transport security is a sensitive issue that affects all transport users and transport providers. It is a basic right to be able to travel without fear of being a victim of some form of attack. Yet, it is also important that security is not so intrusive as to make travel an unpleasant experience.
Transport security can cover everything from terrorist attacks to prevention of vandalism and graffiti. The Commission's role is to look at measures which, at the EU level, can add value in improving security.
Acts of terrorism are, thankfully, rare events but it must be recognised that transport is a popular target for such actions. As rare as such an event might be, the risk remains, and exposes the vulnerabilities of the entire transport supply chain. Other forms of security threats to transport are more common: crimes committed on the premises of transport operators (like a break-in), stowaways, robbery of valuable cargo in transit, or piracy on the high seas. These have a massive economic cost which can be measured in terms ranging from the cash value of cargo thefts to insurance losses, business interruption and damage to property.
As transport is international in nature it is important to ensure a coordinated EU approach to security standards being developed at ICAO (for aviation security) and IMO (for maritime security). This is complemented by cooperation with third countries on transport security The Commission consolidates and strengthens security by working together with major international partners, exchanging experiences and best practices.
New technologies can assist in developing smooth high-security systems for the future by reducing the duration and intensity of security checks.