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Security & Safety

Transport safety and security in the EU

Safety and security are of primary concern for any transport system. They are at the forefront of everyone's mind when they travel.

Transport safety in the EU

Creating the environment for safe transport is essential for European citizens. The Commission strives to provide the highest standards of safety worldwide.

Our safety agencies dealing with the different transport modes – EASA, ERA and EMSA, responsible for the aviation, rail and maritime sectors respectively - all contribute to advances in safety


Aviation is one of the safest and fastest growing forms of transport. The EU air safety policy ensures a high level of safety for passengers, promoting rules that are cost efficient and facilitate the free movement of products, services and persons involved in civil aviation.

Given the unprecedented growth in air traffic and large number of carriers resulting from the successful implementation of the single aviation market, the EU has prioritised work on effective aviation safety standards.These are the basis for a list of airlines banned from EU skies which is constantly updated.


Road transport is the most widely used means of travel and a primary cause of accidents. The Commission has been very active in promoting rules, technical standards, and awareness campaigns to decrease the number of fatalities caused by road accidents. We invite you to check the Road Safety website for further information.


In maritime transport passenger ship safety is of paramount importance. The Commission has progressively developed safety policies in response to several major shipping accidents since the 1990s.


Europe’s railways are among the safest in the world. EU policies aim to maintain high standards and align safety requirements EU-wide. This is essential if we are to achieve a Single European Railway Area.

Transport security in the EU 

Transport security is a sensitive issue that affects us all across the world. In transport, it often refers to terrorist attacks. As rare as such an event might be, the risk remains, and exposes the vulnerabilities of the entire transport supply chain. Other forms of security threats to transport are more common: crimes committed on the premises of transport operators (like a break-in), a robbery of a valuable cargo in transit, or armed piracy on the high seas. These have a massive economic cost which can be measured in terms ranging from the cash value of cargo thefts to insurance losses, business interruption and damage to property.

In order to maintain proper security levels cooperation with third countries is paramount. The Commission consolidates and strengthens security by working together with major international partners, exchanging experiences and best practices.

New technologies can really assist in developing smooth high-security systems for the future but without making the security checks too long and intense.

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