Development of the TEN-T ports in the Member States
Decision No. 1346/2001/EC, amending the Guidelines adopted in 1996 as regards seaports, inland ports and intermodal terminals, as well as project No. 8 in Annex III, was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council on 22 May 2001. The Decision includes a more focused definition of ports and projects of common interest related to them.
The Decision states that interconnection points, including seaports, inland ports and intermodal terminals, are a pre-condition for the integration of the different transport modes in a multimodal network.
Inland ports are part of the network, in particular as points of interconnection between the inland waterways referred to above and other modes of transport. The network includes inland ports open to commercial traffic, located on the network of inland waterways, interconnected with other trans-European transport routes as equipped with transhipment facilities for intermodal transport or with an annual freight traffic volume of at least 500,000 tons.
Seaports in the trans-European transport network are classified into categories A, B and C. These are defined on the basis of quantitative criteria (annual traffic volumes of freight or passengers) or their location on islands, or in peripheral or outermost regions.
The TEN-T ports comprise of 439 ports (seaports and inland ports) including 286 ports category A, 13 ports category B and 20 ports of category C.
In a majority of ports, the port services are provided by private operators. Therefore, information is rarely available and the information that is available is often incomplete or lacks homogeneity. Detailed information is only available in a limited number of cases.
The situation is not expected to change significantly in the period to 2020. However, ports intend to improve this situation between now and 2020 and long-term strategies concerning ports development are rarely available.
Expenditures in TEN-T ports in the Member States
As in a majority of ports the port services are provided by private operators, detailed investment information or long-term investment strategies were either not available or difficult to obtain. Therefore, the investment figures cannot be entirely relied upon.
Total expenditures in TEN-T ports in the EU27 amounted to EUR 2.0 billion in 2004 and EUR 2.44 billion in 2005 (a total of EUR 4.44 billion in the period 2004 – 2005).
The countries with the highest expenditures in the period 2004 – 2005 were Spain (EUR 1.66 billion), France (EUR 0.59 billion), Belgium (EUR 0.41 billion), Finland (0.33 billion), Germany (EUR 0.31 billion), the Netherlands (0.29 billion), Italy (EUR 0.2 billion), Denmark (EUR 0.19 billion) and Sweden (EUR 0.15 billion).