There are a few basic safety features – brakes, bell and reflectors – that are compulsory for bikes in every EU country. And some countries go beyond this, with additional requirements for visibility, helmets, children's seats and a minimum age for cycling on roads.
Better designs for cars and heavy vehicles can reduce the risk of injury to cyclists, especially crash-friendly car fronts and blind-spot mirrors on lorries. And some new cars are equipped with cyclist detection systems that can automatically activate the brakes to avoid accidents.
Separating bikes from other traffic on uninterrupted cycling lanes helps reduce collisions with cars. Lower speed limits (30 km/h or 20 mph) also help.
Projects funded by the EU