The opinions expressed in the studies are those of the consultant and do not necessarily represent the position of the Commission.
Poor crash compatibility between LGVs and passenger cars In car-to-LGV crashes in Britain, car drivers bear greatest risk of injury at every level of severity. LGVs tend to have greater size and mass and usually have their stiff structures at a greater height than those of passenger cars. This misalignment of stiff structures can result in the large vehicle over-riding the smaller vehicle. This in turn has the effect of penalising the occupants of the smaller collision partner, since there is an inherent risk of greater intrusion in the smaller vehicles that are already at a mass disadvantage. Further research is required to derive a 'best outcome' scenario to guide future design..
Low restraint use amongst LGV occupants compared with car occupants in fatal crashes in Britain, 77% were not wearing seat belts and around one-third of drivers and almost half of passengers were found not to have been wearing the seat belt at the time of the crash. Possibilities for increasing seat belt use include the use of in-vehicle seat belt reminder systems; higher profile awareness and education programmes; stricter policing and enforcement actions; and a review of the categories of occupants who are currently exempted from the mandatory wearing of seat belts.
The implications of introducing a regulatory compliance crash test for LGVs.
The available data do not appear to support a particular case for either an offset or fully distributed frontal crash-test requirement since both crash types occur with roughly equal frequencies (36% and 37%) and with similar injury outcomes. Any regulatory crash-testing option needs to take strong account of LGV to car compatibility needs.