Transport is an important pillar of the European economy. The transport sector accounts for 4.5% of total employment in the EU and represents 4.6% of Gross Domestic Product.
How many people does the transport sector employ in the EU?
Travelling by train produces fewer emissions than a journey by plane.
How many times fewer emissions would you produce by taking a train from Brussels to London?
The quality and cost of transport services have a major impact on the ability of business to compete, on economic growth and on quality of life. For example, it has been calculated that transport has a high impact on household annual budgets.
How much does an average EU household spend on transport every year?
Europe imports around 84% of its crude oil. In 2010, the EUs oil import bill was around 210 billion. Transport is heavily dependent on imported oil and oil products.
How much does the transport sector depend on oil for its energy needs?
The EU has more than 212 500 km of railway lines and 41 000 km of navigable inland waterways.
How many km of paved roads does Europe have?
Transport is responsible for about a quarter of the EU's greenhouse gas emissions. By 2050, the transport sector must cut CO2 emissions dramatically. This implies a revolution in transport fuels and in the way we travel.
What is the greenhouse gas emissions reduction target for the transport sector by 2050, compared to 1992 levels?
Cars are the most popular passenger mode in the EU and represent some 72% of all passenger kilometres travelled. But, the private car is rarely the most energy-efficient form of transport. Consumers say they are willing to make changes to reduce emissions. Most car users say they would compromise on a cars size in order to reduce emissions.
How many car users in the EU are willing to buy a smaller car in order to reduce emissions?
High-speed trains have transformed travel and are the preferred passenger choice. Train journeys can be faster than short and medium distance flights. For example high-speed trains have cut the travel time from Brussels to London by more than 60% (from 4 hours 52 minutes to 1 hour 51 minutes).
What was the fastest speed ever reached by a train from Brussels to London?
Transport has become a lot safer. The number of people killed in road accidents in 2010 is expected to be 40% lower than in 2000.
What is the means of transport still considered the most dangerous?
The trans-European transport networks (TEN-T), which represent 25 800 km of key European corridors, have nine north-south connections linking the continent.
How many east-west connections do the TEN-T have?
Technical and administrative barriers cost us time, money and energy. For example in the EU, 27 different air traffic management systems add an average 49 km to each journey. In 2008, nearly 9 million flights crossed EU airspace.
How many flights are there on average every day?
Transport has to be planned over the long term. Decisions taken over the next few years will define the landscape for decades. But considerable investment is needed to improve infrastructure across the EU.
How much will EU infrastructure development for 2012-2030 cost?